Family: Theridiidae Sundevall,1833 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0099] Detail
Gen. Rhomphaea L. Koch, 1872 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:03641] Detail
N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Argyrodes Simon, 1864 by Agnarsson, 2004: 479, after Yoshida, 2001d: 185-187, contra Levi & Levi, 1962: 27.
In synonymy:
Rhomphaea argenteola (Simon, 1873, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea nasica (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 204, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea canariensis (Schmidt, 1956, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea rostrata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 26, 205, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea delicatula (Simon, 1883, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea nasica (Simon, 1873) (Benoit, 1977a: 136, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea feioi (Mello-Leitão, 1947, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea projiciens O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 (Levi, 1967b: 32, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea honesta (Exline & Levi, 1962, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920 (Levi, 1967b: 32, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea longa (Kulczyński, 1905, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea rostrata (Simon, 1873) (Wunderlich, 1987a: 205, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea martinae (Exline, 1950, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea projiciens O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea petrunkevitchi (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea remota (Bryant, 1940, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea fictilium (Hentz, 1850) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 103, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea simoni (Petrunkevitch, 1911, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea procera (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 109, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea spinicaudata (Keyserling, 1884, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873) (Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea spinosa (Badcock, 1932, T from Argyrodes) = Rhomphaea projiciens O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 (Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, sub Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea aculeata Thorell, 1898 | f | Myanmar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006965]
Rhomphaea aculeata Thorell, 1898: 284 (Df).
Rhomphaea aculeata Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea affinis Lessert, 1936 | f | Mozambique     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006968]
Rhomphaea affinis Lessert, 1936: 236, f. 31-32 (Df).
Rhomphaea affinis Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea altissima Mello-Leitão, 1941 | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006971]
Rhomphaea altissima Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 249 (Df).
Argyrodes altissimus Levi, 1967b: 32, f. 35-37 (f).
Rhomphaea altissima Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea angulipalpis Thorell, 1877 | f | Indonesia (Sulawesi)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006980]
Rhomphaea angulipalpis Thorell, 1877b: 469 (Df).
Rhomphaea angulipalpis Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea annulipedis Yoshida & Nojima, 2010 | m | Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:043206]
Rhomphaea annulipedis Yoshida & Nojima, 2010: 103, f. 1-4 (Dm).
Rhomphaea barycephala (Roberts, 1983) | m f | Seychelles (Aldabra)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006991]
Argyrodes barycephalus Roberts, 1983: 245, f. 99-102 (Dmf).
Argyrodes barycephalus Saaristo, 2000: 44, f. 1E, 2E, 7A-C (mf).
Rhomphaea barycephalus Saaristo, 2006: 56 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea barycephalus Saaristo, 2010: 250, f. 37.40a-b, 49 (mf).
Rhomphaea brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920 | m f | Venezuela, Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006998]
Romphaea brasiliensis Mello-Leitão, 1920c: 174, unnumbered f. (Df; N.B.: omitted by Roewer).
Argyrodes honestus Exline & Levi, 1962: 110, f. 14-15, 41-43 (Dmf).
Argyrodes brasiliensis Levi, 1967b: 32 (Sm).
Rhomphaea brasiliensis Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea ceraosus (Zhu & Song, 1991) | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007006]
Argyrodes ceraosus Zhu & Song, 1991: 133, f. 3A-D (Df).
Argyrodes ceraosus Zhu, 1998: 215, f. 140A-D (f).
Argyrodes ceraosus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 45E-F (f).
Rhomphaea ceraosus Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea cometes L. Koch, 1872 * | m f | New Guinea, Samoa, French Polynesia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007015]
Rhomphaea cometes L. Koch, 1872a: 290, pl. 24, f. 3 (Df).
Rhomphaea cometes Simon, 1894a: 502, f. 490, 500.
Rhomphaea cometes Berland, 1929b: 45, f. 12-13 (Dm).
Rhomphaea cometes Chrysanthus, 1975: 44, f. 165-167 (m).
Rhomphaea cometes Agnarsson, 2004: 479 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea cometes Dierkens & Ramage, 2016: 149, f. 43-44 (f).
Rhomphaea cona (González & Carmen, 1996) | f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007017]
Argyrodes conus González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 62-64 (Df).
Rhomphaea cona Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea fictilium (Hentz, 1850) | m f | Canada to Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007038]
Theridion fictilium Hentz, 1850: 282, pl. 10, f. 4 (Dmf).
Argyrodes fictilium Emerton, 1882: 24, pl. 5, f. 2 (f).
Ariamnes fictilium Keyserling, 1884a: 170.
Rhomphaea fictilium Simon, 1894a: 502.
Argyrodes fictilium Emerton, 1902: 126, f. 300-301 (f).
Rhomphaea remota Bryant, 1940: 308, f. 74 (Dm).
Rhomphaea lacerta Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 45 (S, subsequently rejected).
Argyrodes fictilium Exline & Levi, 1962: 103, f. 6-7, 26-28 (mf, S).
Argyrodes fictilium Paquin & Dupérré, 2001: 238, f. 1 (m).
Argyrodes fictilium Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 214, f. 2385-2389 (mf).
Rhomphaea fictilium Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea hyrcana (Logunov & Marusik, 1990) | m f | Georgia, Azerbaijan, China, Japan, Turkey?     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007063]
Argyrodes hyrcana Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 133, f. 1-7 (Dmf).
Argyrodes hyrcana Zhu & Song, 1991: 136, f. 8A-C (m).
Argyrodes hyrcanus Zhu, 1998: 217, f. 142A-C (m).
Argyrodes hyrcanus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46L-M (m).
Rhomphaea hyrcana Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 6-9, 14, 17 (mf).
Rhomphaea hyrcana Yoshida, 2003a: 155, f. 418-421, 426, 429 (mf).
Rhomphaea hyrcana Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
Rhomphaea hyrcana Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 300-302 (mf).
Rhomphaea hyrcana Marusik & Kovblyuk, 2011: 241, f. 35.26&30 (mf) [NB: fig. 35.30 identical with f. 14 by Logunov & Marusik, 1990, which shows R. sagana].
Rhomphaea hyrcana Sancak et al., 2017: 121, f. 1A-D, 2A-B (f) [probably misidentified, see R. rostrata by Lissner, 2017c: 290].
Rhomphaea irrorata Thorell, 1898 | f | Myanmar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007068]
Rhomphaea irrorata Thorell, 1898: 285 (Df).
Rhomphaea irrorata Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea labiata (Zhu & Song, 1991) | m f | China, Korea, Laos, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007076]
Argyrodes labiatus Zhu & Song, 1991: 137, f. 9A-G (Dmf).
Argyrodes labiatus Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 855, f. 6A-G (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Zhu, 1998: 213, f. 139A-G (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 46E-F, N (mf).
Argyrodes labiatus Ono & Shinkai, 2001: 195, f. 1-3 (m).
Rhomphaea labiata Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 10-13, 15, 18 (mf).
Rhomphaea labiata Yoshida, 2003a: 156, f. 422-425, 427, 430, 545 (mf).
Rhomphaea labiata Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
Rhomphaea labiata Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 303-305 (mf).
Rhomphaea labiata Yin et al., 2012: 376, f. 159a-e (mf).
Rhomphaea labiata Kim, Ye & Kim, 2015c: 87, f. 1-5 (m).
Rhomphaea lactifera Simon, 1909 | f | Vietnam     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007077]
Rhomphaea lactifera Simon, 1909e: 81 (Df).
Rhomphaea lactifera Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea longicaudata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 | m f | Greece, Lebanon     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007083]
Ariamnes longicaudata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872a: 277, pl. 14, f. 11A (Dm).
Argyrodes longicaudata Levy, 1985a: 109, f. 44-51 (m).
Argyrodes longicaudata Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 134, f. 8 (m).
Ariamnes longicaudata Agnarsson, 2004: 478 (Tm from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea longicaudata van Helsdingen, 2009b: 11 (Tm from Ariamnes) [f. 1-9, f, misidentified after Lissner, 2017c: 290, see R. rostrata].
Rhomphaea longicaudata Lissner, 2017c: 288, f. 1A-C, 2A-C, 3A-B, 4A-B, 5-8 (Df).
Rhomphaea metaltissima Soares & Camargo, 1948 | m f | Panama to Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007092]
Rhomphaea metaltissima Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 365, f. 15-18 (Dmf).
Argyrodes metaltissimus Exline & Levi, 1962: 111, f. 16-22, 35-40 (mf).
Rhomphaea metaltissima Agnarsson, 2004: 480, f. 64A-G, 65A-F (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea nasica (Simon, 1873) | m f | Canary Islands, Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Greece, Africa, St. Helena     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007102]
Ariamnes nasica Simon, 1873a: 132, pl. 2, f. 17-18, 20 (Dmf).
Ariamnes argenteolus Simon, 1873a: 134 (Df).
Ariamnes nasicus Simon, 1881a: 19, pl. 25, f. 6 (mf).
Ariamnes argenteola Simon, 1881a: 21, pl. 25, f. 7-8 (f).
Ariamnes delicatulus Simon, 1883: 272, pl. 8, f. 5 (Df).
Rhomphaea nasica Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 502 (m).
Rhomphaea argenteola Simon, 1914: 244, 290.
Rhomphaea argenteola Berland, 1920c: 144, f. 171-175 (f).
Argyrodes nasica Benoit, 1977i: 136, f. 58a-f (mf, S).
Argyrodes nasicus Wunderlich, 1987a: 204, f. 536-537.
Rhomphaea nasica Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea nasica Lissner, 2017c: 291, f. 15A-B, 16 (f).
Rhomphaea oris (González & Carmen, 1996) | f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007111]
Argyrodes oris González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 59-61 (Df).
Rhomphaea oris Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea ornatissima Dyal, 1935 | f | Pakistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007112]
Rhomphaea ornatissima Dyal, 1935: 167 (Df).
Rhomphaea ornatissima Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea palmarensis (González & Carmen, 1996) | f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007113]
Argyrodes palmarensis González & Carmen, 1996: 134, f. 53-55 (Df).
Rhomphaea palmarensis Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea paradoxa (Taczanowski, 1873) | m f | St. Vincent, Mexico to Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007114]
Argyrodes paradoxus Taczanowski, 1873: 121, pl. 5, f. 13 (Df).
Ariamnes paradoxus Keyserling, 1884a: 168, pl. 8, f. 103 (f).
Ariamnes spinicaudatus Keyserling, 1884a: 171, pl. 8, f. 104 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea paradoxa Simon, 1898i: 860.
Rhomphaea spinicauda Mello-Leitão, 1941c: 238 (Tmf from Ariamnes).
Rhomphaea petrunkevitchi Mello-Leitão, 1945c: 171, f. 1 (Dm).
Argyrodes paradoxus Exline & Levi, 1962: 113, f. 23-25, 44-50 (f, Sm).
Rhomphaea paradoxa Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea pignalitoensis (González & Carmen, 1996) | f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007120]
Argyrodes pignalitoensis González & Carmen, 1996: 136, f. 65-67 (Df).
Rhomphaea pignalitoensis Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea procera (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898) | m f | Costa Rica to Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007125]
Rhomphaea sp. Simon, 1894a: 500, f. 507 (f).
Ariamnes procera O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898a: 257, pl. 38, f. 5 (Df).
Rhomphaea procera F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 19 (f).
Rhomphaea simoni Petrunkevitch, 1911: 186 (Df).
Argyrodes procerus Exline & Levi, 1962: 108, f. 11-13, 32-34 (f, Dm, S).
Rhomphaea procera Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea projiciens O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 | m f | USA to Argentina. Introduced to India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007127]
Rhomphaea projiciens O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896a: 186, pl. 23, f. 9-10 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea projiciens F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902a: 407, pl. 38, f. 17-18 (mf).
Rhomphaea spinosa Badcock, 1932: 8 (D).
Ariamnes feioi Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 10, f. 46 (Df).
Rhomphaea martinae Exline, 1950a: 116, f. 5, 7-8, 14-16 (Dmf).
Argyrodes projiciens Exline & Levi, 1962: 106, f. 8-10, 29-31 (mf, S).
Argyrodes projiciens Levi, 1967b: 32 (S).
Argyrodes projiciens Patel, 1973: 152, f. 7-10 (f).
Rhomphaea projiciens Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea projiciens Srinivasulu et al., 2013: 4486, f. 1a-c, images 3-4 (f).
Rhomphaea recurvata (Saaristo, 1978) | m f | Seychelles     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007131]
Argyrodes recurvatus Saaristo, 1978: 116, f. 157-163 (Df).
Argyrodes recurvatus Roberts, 1978: 928, f. 57-59 (f).
Argyrodes recurvatus Saaristo, 2000: 44, f. 1F, 2F, 8A-C (f, Dm).
Rhomphaea recurvatus Saaristo, 2006: 56 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea recurvatus Saaristo, 2010: 249, f. 37.41a-b, 48 (mf).
Rhomphaea rostrata (Simon, 1873) | m f | Canary Islands, Portugal, Spain, France, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007136]
Ariamnes rostratus Simon, 1873a: 136, pl. 2, f. 19, 21 (Df).
Ariamnes rostratus Simon, 1881a: 20, pl. 25, f. 5 (f).
Rhomphaea rostrata Simon, 1894a: 496, f. 501 (f).
Rhomphaea longa Kulczyński, 1905a: 533, pl. 14, f. 1-2 (Df).
Rhomphaea rostrata Simon, 1914: 243, 290 (Dm).
Rhomphaea rostrata Berland, 1926: 175, f. 1-3 (mf).
Rhomphaea canariensis Schmidt, 1956e: 147 (Dj [subadult f]).
Argyrodes canariensis Brignoli, 1983c: 393.
Argyrodes rostratus Wunderlich, 1987a: 205, f. 539-540 (m, S).
Rhomphaea rostrata Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Rhomphaea longicaudata van Helsdingen, 2009b: 11, f. 1-9 (f) [misidentified after Lissner, 2017c: 290].
Rhomphaea rostrata Lecigne, 2016a: 104, f. 10K-M, 11N-O (m).
Rhomphaea rostrata Lissner, 2017c: 290, f. 9A-B, 10A-B, 11A-B, 12A-B, 13-14 (f).
Rhomphaea sagana (Dönitz & Strand, 1906) | m f | Russia, Azerbaijan to Japan, Philippines     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007140]
Ariamnes saganus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 378, pl. 5, f. 46 (Df).
Argyrodes saganus Yaginuma, 1986a: 51, f. 28.6 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Chikuni, 1989b: 35, f. 27 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Logunov & Marusik, 1990: 135, f. 9-14 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 458, f. 277a-e (m).
Argyrodes saganus Zhu, 1998: 212, f. 138A-D (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 100, f. 47G-H, O (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Yoshida, 2001d: 185, f. 1-5 (mf).
Argyrodes saganus Namkung, 2002: 138, f. 13.55a-b (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Namkung, 2003: 140, f. 13.55a-b (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Yoshida, 2003a: 154, f. 413-417 (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes, after Yoshida, 2001d).
Rhomphaea saganus Kim & Kim, 2007: 225, f. 5A-I, 6E-F (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 298-299 (mf).
Rhomphaea sagana Baba & Tanikawa, 2015: 26, 5 f. (mf).
Rhomphaea sinica (Zhu & Song, 1991) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007151]
Argyrodes sinicus Zhu & Song, 1991: 142, f. 15A-F (Dmf).
Argyrodes sinicus Zhu, 1998: 216, f. 141A-F (mf).
Argyrodes sinicus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 103, f. 47I-J, P (mf).
Rhomphaea sinica Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes).
Argyrodes sinicus Yin et al., 2012: 285, f. 102A-C (m).
Rhomphaea sjostedti Tullgren, 1910 | f | Tanzania     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007152]
Rhomphaea sjöstedti Tullgren, 1910: 123, pl. 2, f. 38 (Df).
Rhomphaea sjostedti Berland, 1920c: 146, f. 176-177 (f).
Rhomphaea sjostedti Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea tanikawai Yoshida, 2001 | m f | China, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037394]
Rhomphaea tanikawai Yoshida, 2001d: 187, f. 16, 19-24 (Dmf).
Rhomphaea tanikawai Yoshida, 2003a: 159, f. 428, 431-436 (mf).
Rhomphaea tanikawai Matsuda, 2004: 12, f. 4-5 (f).
Rhomphaea tanikawai Yoshida, 2009b: 387, f. 306-308 (mf).
Rhomphaea urquharti (Bryant, 1933) | m f | New Zealand     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007174]
Ariamnes attenuatus Urquhart, 1887: 98 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Rhomphaea urquharti Bryant, 1933b: 12, pl. 1, f. 5 (replacement name).
Rhomphaea urquharti Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tmf from Argyrodes per Levi & Levi, 1962).
Rhomphaea velhaensis (González & Carmen, 1996) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007177]
Argyrodes velhaensis González & Carmen, 1996: 135, f. 56-58 (Df).
Rhomphaea velhaensis Agnarsson, 2004: 480 (Tf from Argyrodes).
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