Family: Ctenidae Keyserling,1877 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0036] Detail
Gen. Phoneutria Perty, 1833 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:01801] Detail
N.B.: considered valid by all recent authors; see Lehtinen, 1967: 258.
Transferred to other genera:
Phoneutria niveobarbata Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Ancylometes
Phoneutria unilineata (Simon, 1897) -- see Ctenus
In synonymy:
Phoneutria andrewsi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) = Phoneutria reidyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32, contra Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 70).
Phoneutria chilesica (Strand, 1916, T from Ctenus) = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
Phoneutria colombiana Schmidt, 1956 = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 36).
Phoneutria depilata (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
Phoneutria forcipata (Mello-Leitão, 1922, T from Ctenus) = Phoneutria reidyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75).
Phoneutria luederwaldti (Mello-Leitão, 1927) = Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Eickstedt, 1981: 118, sub P. keyserlingi, contra Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 76).
Phoneutria nigriventroides (Strand, 1907) = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
Phoneutria paca (Mello-Leitão, 1922) = Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 75).
Phoneutria rufichelis (Mello-Leitão, 1917) = Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 73).
Phoneutria signativenter (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
Phoneutria sus (Strand, 1910) = Phoneutria fera Perty, 1833 (Eickstedt, 1983c: 184).
Phoneutria valdehirsutula (Strand, 1909, T from Ctenus) = Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) (Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74).
Nomina dubia:
Phoneutria ochracea C. L. Koch, 1847: 62, f. 1460 (m, Brazil) -- Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 78.
Phoneutria rufibarbis Perty, 1833: 197, pl. 9, f. 2 (f, Brazil) -- Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 78, (but see C. L. Koch, 1847: 63, f. 1461; Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18, pl. 1, f. 38; Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 69, f. 2-4).
Nomen nudum:
Phoneutria holmbergi Bücherl -- Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32.
Phoneutria bahiensis Simó & Brescovit, 2001 | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037787]
Phoneutria bahiensis Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75, f. 18-21, 26 (Dmf).
Phoneutria bahiensis Martins & Bertani, 2007: 13, f. 19-23, 65-68 (mf).
Phoneutria boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) | m f | Central, South America     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:020784]
Ctenus boliviensis F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 80, pl. 3, f. 3a-c (Dmf).
Ctenus nigriventroides Strand, 1907g: 426 (Df).
Ctenus signativenter Strand, 1909h: 305 (Dm).
Ctenus valdehirsutulus Strand, 1909h: 318 (Df).
Ctenus peregrinoides Strand, 1909h: 318 (f, provisional name only, misidentified).
Ctenus depilatus Strand, 1909i: 413 (Dm).
Ctenus chilesicus Strand, 1916b: 128 (Df).
Phoneutria boliviensis Schmidt, 1954: 414, f. 7a-b (f).
Phoneutria colombiana Schmidt, 1956a: 28, f. 3 (Df).
Phoneutria boliviensis Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 49 (Tmf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria nigriventroides Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 59 (Tf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria boliviensis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 34, f. 4-8 (mf, S).
Phoneutria boliviensis Valerio, 1983: 101, f. 2 (f).
Phoneutria boliviensis Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 74, f. 6, 16, 22 (mf, S).
Phoneutria boliviensis Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 64 (f).
Phoneutria boliviensis Jäger & Blick, 2009: 33, f. 1-3 (f).
Phoneutria boliviensis Rozwałka, Rutkowski & Bielak-Bielecki, 2017: 61, f. 1b-c (f).
Phoneutria cf. boliviensis Cathrine & Longhorn, 2017: 13, f. 1-6 (f).
Phoneutria boliviensis Hazzi et al., 2018: 112, f. 10D (m).
Phoneutria eickstedtae Martins & Bertani, 2007 | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:041100]
Phoneutria eickstedtae Martins & Bertani, 2007: 14, f. 8, 12, 16, 27, 31, 35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 55, 59, 68 (Dmf).
Phoneutria fera Perty, 1833 * | m f | Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Suriname, Guyana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:020785]
Phoneutria fera Perty, 1833: 197, pl. 39, f. 3 (Df).
Ctenus ferus Walckenaer, 1837: 370.
Phoneutria fera C. L. Koch, 1847: 60, f. 1459 (f, Dm).
Ctenus sus Strand, 1909h: 300 (Dm).
Phoneutria fera Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 16, pl. 1, f. 32, pl. 3, f. 33 (mf).
Phoneutria fera Schmidt, 1954: 419, f. 12a-b (f).
Phoneutria fera Melchers, 1963: 23, f. 11 (Tmf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria fera Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1966: 675, f. 5-8, 11-12, 15-16 (mf).
Phoneutria fera Eickstedt, 1969: 33, f. 1-4 (m).
Phoneutria sus Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 65 (Tm from Ctenus).
Phoneutria fera Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 68, f. 1 (f).
Phoneutria fera Eickstedt, 1983c: 183, f. 1, 3, 5, 7-8 (mf, S).
Phoneutria fera Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 71, f. 8-9, 14, 25 (mf).
Phoneutria fera Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 63 (f).
Phoneutria fera Polotow & Brescovit, 2014: 351, f. 11C-D, 18A (m).
Phoneutria keyserlingi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:040986]
Ctenus keyserlingii F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, 81, pl. 3, f. 2c (Df).
Phoneutria keyserlingi Eickstedt, 1981: 118, f. 2, 4, 6, 8-10 (removed mf from S of P. fera, S).
Phoneutria keyserlingi Martins & Bertani, 2007: 8, f. 6, 10, 14, 18, 25, 29, 33, 37, 41, 45, 49, 53, 57, 61, 68 (removed mf from S of P. nigriventer, contra Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72).
Phoneutria nigriventer (Keyserling, 1891) | m f | Brazil, Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:020787]
Ctenus nigriventer Keyserling, 1891: 144, pl. 4, f. 98 (Df).
Ctenus nigriventer F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, pl. 3, f. 2d (f).
Ctenus nigriventer Strand, 1909h: 296 (Dm).
Ctenus rufichelis Mello-Leitão, 1917a: 97, f. 15-16 (Dm).
Ctenus paca Mello-Leitão, 1922b: 41 (Df).
Ctenus luederwaldti Mello-Leitão, 1927c: 403 (Df).
Phoneutria nigriventer Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 16, pl. 1, f. 36, pl. 3, f. 34-35 (mf).
Phoneutria luederwaldti Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
Phoneutria paca Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
Phoneutria fera Bücherl, 1952b: 135 (S, rejected).
Phoneutria nigriventer Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1966: 675, f. 1-4, 9-10, 13-14 (Tmf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria luederwaldti Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 55 (Tf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria paca Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 61 (Tf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria rufichelis Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 64 (Tm from Ctenus).
Phoneutria nigriventer Eickstedt & Lucas, 1969: 75, f. 1-2 (f, S).
Phoneutria nigriventer Bücherl, 1972: 19, f. 10a (f).
Phoneutria nigriventer Eickstedt, 1981: 106, f. 1, 3, 5, 7-10 (mf).
Phoneutria nigriventer Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72, f. 3-4, 7, 10-13, 15, 24 (mf, S).
Phoneutria nigriventer Martins & Bertani, 2007: 5, f. 1-5, 9, 13, 17, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 68 (mf).
Phoneutria pertyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:040987]
Ctenus rufibarbis Keyserling, 1881b: 576, pl. 16, f. 22 (f, misidentified).
Ctenus pertyi F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 76, 80 (Df).
Phoneutria pertyi Martins & Bertani, 2007: 11, f. 7, 11, 15, 26, 30, 34, 38, 42, 46, 50, 54, 58, 68 (removed f from S of P. nigriventer, contra Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 72, Dm).
Phoneutria reidyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) | m f | Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Brazil, Guyana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:020790]
Ctenus reidyi F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 78, pl. 3, f. 1a, 2a (Df).
Ctenus andrewsi F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897b: 79, pl. 3, f. 2b (Df).
Ctenus forcipatus Mello-Leitão, 1922b: 39 (Df).
Phoneutria andrewsi Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 15, pl. 1, f. 31 (f).
Phoneutria ochracea Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 17, pl. 3, f. 37 (m, misidentified).
Phoneutria reidyi Mello-Leitão, 1936a: 18.
Phoneutria andrewsi Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 48 (Tf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria reidyi Bücherl, Lucas & Eickstedt, 1969: 61 (Tf from Ctenus).
Phoneutria rufibarbis Eickstedt, Lucas & Bücherl, 1969: 70 (S, rejected).
Phoneutria reidyi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1973a: 32, f. 1-3 (f, removed from S).
Phoneutria reidyi Eickstedt, 1983c: 188, f. 2, 4, 6 (mf).
Phoneutria reidyi Simó & Brescovit, 2001: 75, f. 17, 23 (mf, S).
Phoneutria reidyi Martins & Bertani, 2007: 4, f. 62 (f).
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