Taxon details


Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790)

Rank: Species (Genus type) | Status: accepted | Described: m f | LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007826]
Last updated: 2017-11-17

Distribution: Mediterranean to China External Resources *: araneae - Spiders of Europe |

Taxonomic references
Aranea brevipes Martini & Goeze, 1778: 286 (D; suppressed for lack of usage, see Bonnet).
Aranea 13-guttata Rossi, 1790: 136, pl. 9, f. 10 (Df).
Latrodectus 13decimguttatus Walckenaer, 1805: 81.
Theridion tredecim-guttatum Latreille, 1806: 98.
Theridion lugubre Dufour, 1820a: 355, pl. 69, f. 1 (Df).
Latrodectus argus Audouin, 1826: 353, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).
Latrodectus erebus Audouin, 1826: 352, pl. 3, f. 9 (Df).
Meta hispida C. L. Koch, 1836a: 9, f. 166 (Df).
Latrodectus 5-guttatus Krynicki, 1837: 75, pl. 6, f. 1 (Df).
Latrodectus malmignatus Walckenaer, 1837: 642 (Dmf).
Latrodectus martius Walckenaer, 1837: 644 (Dm).
Latrodectus oculatus Walckenaer, 1837: 645 (Df).
Latrodectus venator Walckenaer, 1837: 646 (Df).
Latrodectus 13-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 39, f. 273 (f).
Latrodectus conglobatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 41, f. 274 (Df).
Latrodectus hispidus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 7.
Latrodectus argus Lucas, 1838: 35, pl. 6, f. 6 (Dm).
Latrodectus lugubris Motschulsky, 1849: 290, pl. 2, f. 3-4 (Df).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Simon, 1873a: 86.
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus lugubris Thorell, 1875b: 69.
Latrodectus 13-guttatus Thorell, 1875c: 65.
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Simon, 1881a: 177, pl. 26, f. 12 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Simon, 1894a: 568, f. 491-492, 576 (m).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Dahl, 1902a: 45, f. 1-3 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902c: 254, pl. 26, f. 3.
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Berland, 1932b: 274, f. 415 (m).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Gerhardt, 1944: 16, f. 13 (m).
Latrodectus mactans Levi, 1959c: 24 (S, rejected).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Vintila et al., 1963: 231, f. 1 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1965c: 57, f. 17 (f).
Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus Fuhn, 1966: 77, f. 3-4 (mf).
Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus Levi, 1966a: 428, f. 1-4, 12-16 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Brignoli, 1967e: 184, f. 4 (f).
Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus Tyschchenko & Ergashev, 1974: 934, f. 6-8 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Levy & Amitai, 1983: 46, f. 1-17 (mf, elevated from subspecies of L. mactans).
Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus Brignoli, 1984b: 293, f. 15-16 (f).
Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus Ergashev, 1990: 66, f. 31.6-8 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Schmidt & Klaas, 1991: 9, f. 2 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Lotz, 1994a: 52, f. 14, 15a-d, 16a-c (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Mcheidze, 1997: 180, f. 353-355 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Zhu, 1998: 293, f. 198A-E (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Levy, 1998b: 90, f. 161-177 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 123, f. 63J-M (mf).
Latrodectus teredecimguttatus Darvish & Mirshamsi, 1999: 5, f. 4a-c, 6a-d, 7 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Kim, 1999b: 22, f. 8-12 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Melic, 2000a: 15, f. 1-2, 4B, 6A-B, 7A, 8A-B, D-E, 9A (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Kim, Cho & Lee, 2003: 82, f. 8-12 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Trotta, 2005: 175, f. 445-446 (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Kakhki, 2005: 54, f. 2A-E (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Le Peru, 2011: 456, f. 745 (f).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Zamani et al., 2014: 60, f. 2B, 3B, 4C (mf).
Latrodectus tredecimguttatus Anikin & Kuzmin, 2016: 220, f. 1a-b (f).
References

Anikin, V. V. & Kuzmin, E. A. (2016). The finding of black widow – Latrodectus tredecimguttatus (Rossi, 1790) (Aranei, Theridiidae) on the territory of Saratov Province. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Chemistry. Biology. Ecology 16(2): 220-221. doi:10.18500/1816-9775-2016-16-2-220-221 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Audouin, V. (1826). Explication sommaire des planches d'arachnides de l'Egypte et de la Syrie publiées ... in "Description de l'Egypte...". Histoire Naturelle 1(4): 1-339 (arachnids, pp. 99-186). [for year of publication and authorship see Tollitt, 1986] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Berland, L. (1932b). Les Arachnides (Scorpions, Araignées, etc.). In: Encyclopédie entomologique. Paris 16, 1-485. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1967e). Notizie sui Theridiidae del Lazio (Araneae). Fragmenta Entomologica 4: 177-197. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1984b). Ragni di Grecia XII. Nuovi dati su varie famiglie (Araneae). Revue Suisse de Zoologie 91(2): 281-321. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dahl, F. (1902a). Über abgebrochene Copulationsorgane männlicher Spinnen im Körper der Weibchen. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin 1902: 36-45. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Darvish, J. & Mirshamsi, O. (1999). [Identification and study of black widow spider Latrodectus teredecimguttatus [sic] in Khorasan Province]. Journal of Biaban 3: 1-14. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dufour, L. (1820a). Description de six arachnides nouvelles. Annales Générales des Sciences Physiques 4: 355-366. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ergashev, N. E. (1990). [Ecology of poisonous spiders from Uzbekistan]. Akademia Nauk, Tashkent, 188 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fuhn, I. E. (1966). Le veuve noire-Latrodectus mactans tredecimguttatus (Rossi 1790) sur l'île de Popina (Razelm). Ocrotirea naturii şi mediului inconjurator, Bucureşti 10: 77-81. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gerhardt, U. (1944). Die Formwandlungen eines Organtypus, dargestellt an dem Taster der männlichen Spinnen. Die Gestalt 17: 9-24, pl. 1-5. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gerschman de P., B. S. & Schiapelli, R. D. (1965c). El género Latrodectus Walckenaer, 1805 (Araneae: Theridiidae) en la Argentina. Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 27: 51-59. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kakhki, O. M. (2005). New records of three Latrodectus species found in Khorasan province (Araneae: Theridiidae). Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 1: 52-58. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kim, J. P. (1999b). Study of poisonous spiders from China. Korean Arachnology 15(1): 19-26. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kim, J. P., Cho, Y. J. & Lee, Y. B. (2003). A list of venomous spiders of the world. Korean Arachnology 19: 75-88. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1836a). Die Arachniden. Dritter Band [1-5]. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, pp. 1-104, Pl. LXXIII-CV. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1837b). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 1, pp. 1-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1837a). Die Arachniden. Dritter Band [6]. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, pp. 105-119, Pl. CVI-CVIII; Vierter Band, pp. 1-108. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Krynicki, J. (1837). Arachnographiae Rossicae. Decas prima. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalists de Moscou 10: 73-88. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Latreille, P. A. (1806). Genera crustaceorum et insectorum. Paris, tome 1, 302 pp. (Araneae, pp 82-127). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Le Peru, B. (2011). The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1959c). The spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 78: 7-43. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1966a). The three species of Latrodectus (Araneae), found in Israel. Journal of Zoology, London 150: 427-432. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. & Amitai, P. (1983). Revision of the widow-spider genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae) in Israel. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 77: 39-63. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. (1998b). Araneae: Theridiidae. In: Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 228 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lotz, L. N. (1994a). Revision of the genus Latrodectus (Araneae: Theridiidae) in Africa. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum Bloemfontein 10: 1-60. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1838). Arachnides, Myriapodes et Thysanoures. In: Barker-Webb, P. & S. Berthelot (eds.) Histoire naturelle des îles Canaries. Paris 2(2), 19-52, pls. 6-7. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Martini, F. H. W. & Goeze, J. A. E. (1778). (ed.) D. Martin Listers Naturgeschichte der Spinnen überhaupt und der Engelländischen Spinnen insbesonderheit, aus dem Lateinischen übersetzt, und mit Anmerkungen vermehrt. Mit 5. Kupfertafeln. - pp. I-XXVIII [= 1-28], 1-302, [1-13], Tab. I-V [= 1-5]. Quedlinburg, Blankenburg. (Reußner). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Melic, A. (2000a). El género Latrodectus Walckenaer, 1805 en la península Ibérica (Araneae, Theridiidae). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología 1: 13-30. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Motschulsky, V. (1849). Note sur deux araignées vénimoux de la Russie méridionale. Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalists de Moscou 1: 289-290. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1902c). On the spiders of the genus Latrodectus, Walckenaer. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 72(I, 1): 247-261, Pl. XXVI-XXVII. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Rossi, P. (1790). Fauna etrusca: sistens insecta quae in Provinciis Florentina et Pisana praesertim collegit. Liburni 2, 126-140. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schmidt, G. & Klaas, P. (1991). Eine neue Latrodectus-Spezies aus Sri Lanka (Araneida: Theridiidae). Arachnologischer Anzeiger 14: 6-9. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1873a). Aranéides nouveaux ou peu connus du midi de l'Europe. (2e mémoire). Mémoires de la Société Royale des Sciences de Liège (2) 5: 187-351. [separately paginated version is 1-174, only that version seen and cited here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1881a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 5, 1-180. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1894a). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris 1, 489-760. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The Spiders of China. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1875b). Verzeichniss südrussischer Spinnen. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 11: 39-122. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1875c). Descriptions of several European and North African spiders. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 13(5): 1-203. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Trotta, A. (2005). Introduzione al ragni italiani (Arachnida Araneae). Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana, Genova 83: 3-178. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. & Ergashev, N. (1974). Latrodectus dahli Levi (Aranei, Theridiidae), a species of venomous spiders new in the fauna of the USSR. Entomologicheskoe Obozrenie 53: 933-937. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Vintilǎ, I., Fuhn, I. E., Vintilǎ, P. & Popescu, V. (1963). Poisonous spiders in the fauna of our country: Latrodectus tredecimguttatus. Microbiologia, Parazitologia, Epidemiologia 8: 231-236. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1805). Tableau des aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, familles et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions. Paris, 88 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1837). Histoire naturelle des insectes. Aptères. Paris 1, 1-682. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zamani, A., Mirshamsi, O., Savoji, A. & Shahi, M. (2014). Contribution to the distribution of spiders with significant medical importance (Araneae: Loxosceles and Latrodectus) in Iran, with a new record for the country. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics 10(1): 57-66. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. (1998). Fauna Sinica: Arachnida: Araneae: Theridiidae. Science Press, Beijing, xi + 436 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.unibe.ch. Version 11.2016.

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2017-11-17 New taxonomic reference entry Gerhardt, 1944 n/a
2017-05-09 New taxonomic reference entry Anikin & Kuzmin, 2016 n/a
2016-12-11 New taxonomic reference entry Darvish & Mirshamsi, 1999 n/a
2014-09-15 New taxonomic reference entry Zamani et al., 2014 n/a