Family: Linyphiidae Blackwall,1859 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0103] Detail
In synonymy:
Arctilaira Chamberlin, 1921 = Hilaira Simon, 1884 (Holm, 1960b: 119)
Soudinus Crosby & Bishop, 1936 = Hilaira Simon, 1884 (Marusik et al., 1993a: 68)
Utopiellum Strand, 1901 = Hilaira Simon, 1884 (Holm, 1945b: 28)
Gen. Hilaira Simon, 1884 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:01010] Detail
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Utopiellum Strand, 1901 by Holm, 1945b: 28, of Arctilaira Chamberlin, 1921 by Holm, 1960b: 119, and of Soudinus Crosby & Bishop, 1936 by Marusik et al., 1993a: 68; not a junior synonym of Leptothrix Menge, 1869 (Merrett, Locket & Millidge, 1985: 397, contra Millidge, 1977); not a senior synonym of Oreoneta Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894 (Saaristo & Marusik, 2004a: 208).
Transferred to other genera:
Hilaira algida Hackman, 1954 -- see Sougambus
Hilaira alpina Eskov, 1987 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira balia Crosby & Bishop, 1929 -- see Neomaso
Hilaira carli Lessert, 1907 -- see Sciastes
Hilaira corneliae (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944) -- see Disembolus
Hilaira dubia Hackman, 1954 -- see Sciastes
Hilaira frigida (Thorell, 1872) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira frigida brunnea (Emerton, 1882) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira frigida intercepta (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira holmi Eskov, 1981 -- see Drepanotylus
Hilaira hyperborea Kulczyński, 1908 -- see Sciastes
Hilaira leviceps (L. Koch, 1879) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira mentasta (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947) -- see Sciastes
Hilaira modesta (Thorell, 1872) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira mongolica Wunderlich, 1995 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira montigena (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira montigena arctica Holm, 1960 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira plagiata Tullgren, 1901 -- see Laminacauda
Hilaira punctata Tullgren, 1955 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira sinuosa Tullgren, 1955 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira tatrica Kulczyński, 1915 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira tatrica garrina Chamberlin, 1949 -- see Oreoneta
Hilaira uncata (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1873) -- see Drepanotylus
In synonymy:
Hilaira aquilonia (Hackman, 1954, T from Sciastes) = Hilaira canaliculata (Emerton, 1915) (Aitchison-Benell & Dondale, 1990: 224, sub Soudinus).
Hilaira bellans (Chamberlin, 1921) = Hilaira vexatrix (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877) (Holm, 1960b: 119).
Hilaira glacialis thienemanni Schenkel, 1939 = Hilaira pervicax Hull, 1908 (Holm, 1945b: 29).
Hilaira mirabilis (L. Koch, 1879, removed from S of H. consimilis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875) = Hilaira herniosa (Thorell, 1875) (Holm, 1945b: 28).
Hilaira monedula Saito, 1986 = Hilaira herniosa (Thorell, 1875) (Eskov, 1987a: 1030).
Hilaira ruderalis (Sørensen, 1898, T from Araeoncus) = Hilaira vexatrix (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877) (Holm, 1956: 464, contra Braendegaard, 1946: 39).
Hilaira ryabukhini Eskov & Marusik, 1991 = Hilaira canaliculata (Emerton, 1915) (Marusik et al., 1993a: 68).
Hilaira zaicewi Kulczyński, 1916 = Hilaira proletaria (L. Koch, 1879) (Holm, 1973: 85).
Nomen dubium:
Hilaira consimilis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1875b: 192, pl. 27, f. 2, m, originally Erigone consimile) -- Holm, 1945b: 28.
Hilaira asiatica Eskov, 1987 | m f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010802]
Hilaira asiatica Eskov, 1987a: 1022, f. 2.1-4 (Dmf).
Hilaira banini Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003 | m f | Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:038550]
Hilaira banini Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 162, f. 16-17, 22-25 (Dmf).
Hilaira canaliculata (Emerton, 1915) | m f | Russia, USA, Canada     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010803]
Gongylidium canaliculatum Emerton, 1915b: 151, pl. 2, f. 6 (Dmf).
Soudinus canaliculatus Crosby & Bishop, 1936b: 59, pl. 5, f. 17-20 (mf).
Hilaira aquilonia Hackman, 1954: 27, f. 93, 97-99, 101 (Df).
Sciastes aquilonia Eskov, 1981b: 1487 (Tf from Hilaira).
Soudinus canaliculatus Aitchison-Benell & Dondale, 1990: 224 (Tmf from Hilaira, S).
Hilaira ryabukhini Eskov & Marusik, 1991: 244, f. 41-45 (Dmf).
Hilaira canalicata Marusik et al., 1993a: 68 (S).
Hilaira canaliculata Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 161, f. 5-11, 17-22 (mf).
Hilaira canaliculata Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 110, f. 1114-1116 (mf).
Hilaira dapaensis Wunderlich, 1983 | m f | Nepal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010804]
Hilaira dapaensis Wunderlich, 1983a: 232, f. 27-31 (Dmf).
Hilaira devitata Eskov, 1987 | m f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010805]
Hilaira devitata Eskov, 1987a: 1023, f. 3.1-5 (Dmf).
Hilaira excisa (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871) * | m f | Europe, Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010806]
Neriene excisa O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1871a: 440, pl. 56, f. 29 (Dm).
Hilaira excisa Simon, 1884a: 375, f. 150-152 (m, Df).
Hilaira excisa Simon, 1894a: 701, f. 759 (m).
Hilaira excisa Hull, 1908: 115, pl. 5, f. 2b, 3b (mf).
Hilaira excisa Miller, 1936a: 186, f. 10 (m).
Hilaira excisa Locket & Millidge, 1953: 321, f. 195A-B, E, 196E (mf).
Hilaira excisa Tullgren, 1955: 386, f. 87 (f).
Hilaira excisa Wiehle, 1956: 25, f. 32-35 (mf).
Hilaira excisa Merrett, 1963b: 387, f. 47A-B (m).
Hilaira excisa Tyschchenko, 1971: 214, f. 649 (f).
Hilaira excisa Miller, 1971: 236, pl. XLVI, f. 20-22 (mf).
Hilaira excisa Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 14 (m).
Hilaira excisa Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51a, 52a (mf).
Hilaira excisa Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 170, f. 457 (mf).
Hilaira excisa Hormiga, 2000: 41, f. 14A-I, pl. 33A-F, 34A-F (mf).
Hilaira excisa Saaristo & Marusik, 2004a: 209, f. 2A-B, 5A-B, 6B, 7-12 (mf).
Hilaira gertschi Holm, 1960 | m f | Russia (Siberia, Wrangel Is.), USA (Alaska)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010810]
Hilaira vexatrix gertschi Holm, 1960b: 120, f. 23-25 (Dmf).
Hilaira gertschi Eskov, 1981b: 1487 (elevated from subspecies).
Hilaira gibbosa Tanasevitch, 1982 | m f | Russia, Mongolia, Canada     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010811]
Hilaira gibbosa Tanasevitch, 1982: 1505, pl. 1, f. 5-7, pl. 3, f. 5-7, pl. 4, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Hilaira gibbosa Wunderlich, 1995e: 497, f. 73-76 (mf).
Hilaira gibbosa Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 84-85 (f).
Hilaira glacialis (Thorell, 1871) | m f | Norway, Russia (Europe, Siberia)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010812]
Erigone glacialis Thorell, 1871b: 694 (Df).
Hilaira glacialis Kulczyński, 1902b: 345, pl. 7, f. 13-14 (f).
Hilaira glacialis Simon, 1907b: 505 (Dm).
Hilaira glacialis Holm, 1937: 6, f. 3b, e, h (m).
Hilaira glacialis Holm, 1939a: 73, f. 2 (mf).
Hilaira glacialis Braendegaard, 1946: 39 (S, rejected).
Hilaira glacialis Holm, 1956: 464, f. 5a-f (f).
Hilaira glacialis Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 164, f. 20-21, 30-32 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa (Thorell, 1875) | m f | North America, Europe, Turkey, Russia (European to Far East), Mongolia, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010813]
Erigone herniosa Thorell, 1875a: 87 (Df).
Erigone herniosa Thorell, 1875c: 32 (Df).
Erigone mirabilis L. Koch, 1879c: 49, pl. 2, f. 4 (Dmf).
Utopiellum mirabile Strand, 1901b: 31.
Hilaira mirabilis Kulczyński, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 18 (f).
Gongylidium curvitarsis Emerton, 1917: 262, f. 14 (Dmf).
Hilaira curvitarsis Emerton, 1920: 316.
Utopiellum curvitarse Chamberlin, 1921c: 40.
Utopiellum mirabile Bishop & Crosby, 1935c: 236, pl. 20, f. 38-41 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Holm, 1945b: 28 (removed from S of Oreonetides vaginatus, S).
Hilaira herniosa Vogelsanger, 1948: 38, f. 2-3 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Tullgren, 1955: 385, f. 86a-c (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Starega, 1974: 19, f. 1-3, photo 1 (f).
Hilaira herniosa Palmgren, 1975: 91, f. 22.20-21 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 13 (m).
Hilaira herniosa Pakhorukov & Utochkin, 1977b: 907, f. 3-4 (mf).
Hilaira monedula Saito, 1986: 21, f. 32-35 (Dmf).
Hilaira herniosa Eskov, 1987a: 1029, f. 6.6-8 (mf, S).
Hilaira herniosa Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 170, f. 458 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 111, f. 1120-1122 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Ono, Matsuda & Saito, 2009: 306, f. 669-672 (mf).
Hilaira herniosa Marusik, 2015: 688, f. 1E, 12D-E (f).
Hilaira hyperboreus (Kulczyński, 1908) | f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:012535]
Hilaira hyperborea Kulczyński, 1908b: 33, pl. 2, f. 41-42 (Df).
Sciastes hyperboreus Eskov, 1987a: 1029 (Tf from Hilaira).
Hilaira hyperborea Tanasevitch & Nekhaeva, 2016: 316 (T from Sciastes).
Hilaira incondita (L. Koch, 1879) | m f | Russia (Europe, Siberia), Canada     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010814]
Erigone incondita L. Koch, 1879c: 66, pl. 2, f. 17 (Df).
Hilaira incondita Kulczyński, 1908b: 29, pl. 2, f. 50-51, 61-62 (f, Dm).
Hilaira incondita Kulczyński, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 15 (f).
Hilaira jamalensis Eskov, 1981 | m f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010815]
Hilaira jamalensis Eskov, 1981b: 1488, pl. 2, f. 1-4 (Dmf).
Hilaira jamalensis Marusik & Tanasevitch, 2003: 164, f. 18-19, 26-29 (mf).
Hilaira marusiki Eskov, 1987 | m f | Russia, Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010817]
Hilaira marusiki Eskov, 1987a: 1023, f. 4.1-4 (Dmf).
Hilaira meridionalis Tanasevitch, 2013 | f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:046228]
Hilaira meridionalis Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 78-81 (Df).
Hilaira minuta Eskov, 1979 | m f | Russia, Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010818]
Hilaira minuta Eskov, 1979: 67, f. 6-10, 17-18 (Dmf).
Hilaira minuta Tanasevitch, 2013c: 286, f. 82-83 (f).
Hilaira nivalis Holm, 1937 | m f | Russia (Europe, Siberia)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010821]
Erigone vexatrix L. Koch, 1879c: 45, pl. 2, f. 2 (mf, misidentified).
Gongylidium venator Simon, 1884a: 499 (lapsus).
Hilaira glacialis Kulczyński, 1908b: 25, pl. 2, f. 45, 48-49 (mf, misidentified).
Hilaira glacialis Kulczyński, 1916: 13, pl. 1, f. 23 (f, misidentified).
Hilaira nivalis Holm, 1937: 8, f. 3c, f, i (Dmf).
Hilaira nubigena Hull, 1911 | m f | Northern Europe, Russia (Siberia, Far East), USA (Alaska)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010822]
Hilaira nubigena Hull, 1911b: 52, pl. 2, f. 1, 4-7, 13 (Dmf).
Utopiellum nubigena Hull, 1932: 109.
Hilaira nubigena Locket & Millidge, 1953: 323, f. 195D, F, 196A-B, F (mf).
Hilaira nubigena Tullgren, 1955: 385, f. 85a-c (f).
Hilaira nubigena Palmgren, 1975: 92, f. 23.1-2 (mf).
Hilaira nubigena Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 15, 20 (m).
Hilaira nubigena Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51c, 52d (mf).
Hilaira nubigena Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 168, f. 454 (mf).
Hilaira pelikena Eskov, 1987 | m f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010823]
Hilaira pelikena Eskov, 1987a: 1026, f. 5.1-4 (Dm).
Hilaira pelikena Marusik & Koponen, 2002: 161, f. 12-16 (mf).
Hilaira pervicax Hull, 1908 | m f | Britain, Northern Europe     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010824]
Hilaira pervicax Hull, 1908: 112, pl. 5, f. 1, 2a, 3a, 4 (Dm).
Hilaira pervicax Hull, 1909: 449, pl. 12, f. 1-3 (f).
Hilaira pervicax Hull, in O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1909a: 173, pl. A, f. 16-19 (m).
Hilaira pervicax O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1910: 103, pl. A, f. 4 (Df).
Hilaira glacialis thienemanni Schenkel, 1939: 107, f. 5 (Dmf).
Hilaira pervicax Holm, 1945b: 29 (S).
Hilaira pervicax Locket & Millidge, 1953: 325, f. 195G, 196C-D, G (mf).
Hilaira pervicax Tullgren, 1955: 384, f. 84a-b (mf).
Hilaira pervicax Palmgren, 1975: 92, f. 22.22-23 (mf).
Hilaira pervicax Millidge, 1977: 8, f. 16, 187 (m).
Hilaira pervicax Roberts, 1987: 107, f. 51d, 52b (mf).
Hilaira pervicax Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 168, f. 455 (mf).
Hilaira proletaria (L. Koch, 1879) | m f | Russia (Europe, Siberia), USA (Alaska)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010825]
Linyphia proletaria L. Koch, 1879c: 23, pl. 1, f. 10 (Df).
Hilaira zaicewii Kulczyński, 1916: 14, pl. 1, f. 16-17, 19-22 (Dmf).
Hilaira proletaria Holm, 1973: 85, f. 36-37 (Tf from Linyphia, Sm).
Hilaira sibirica Eskov, 1987 | m f | Russia, Mongolia, Canada     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010826]
Hilaira sibirica Eskov, 1987a: 1026, f. 6.1-5 (Dmf).
Hilaira syrojeczkovskii Eskov, 1981 | m f | Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010827]
Hilaira syrojeczkovskii Eskov, 1981b: 1491, pl. 2, f. 5-7 (Dmf).
Hilaira tuberculifera Sha & Zhu, 1995 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010830]
Hilaira tuberculifera Sha & Zhu, 1995: 284, f. 16-20 (Dmf).
Hilaira tuberculifera Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 171, f. 98E-F, I-J (mf).
Hilaira vexatrix (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877) | m f | Russia (Siberia to Far East), North America, Greenland     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:010831]
Erigone vexatrix O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877d: 280, pl. 8, f. 6 (Df).
Porrhomma venator Simon, 1884a: 372 (lapsus).
Erigone frigida Lenz, 1897: 74, f. 4 (f, misidentified).
Araeoncus ruderalis Sørensen, 1898: 210 (Df).
Notioscopus curvitarsis Sørensen, 1898: 211 (Dmf).
Arctilaira bellans Chamberlin, 1921c: 40 (Dmf).
Hilaira whymperi Jackson, 1933: 152, pl. 2, f. 2, 4 (Dmf).
Hilaira glacialis Jackson, 1933: 152, pl. 2, f. 1, 5-6 (mf, misidentified).
Hilaira vexatrix Braendegaard, 1940: 12, f. 7-9 (mf).
Hilaira curvitarsis Braendegaard, 1946: 38 (S, removed from S of H. v., rejected).
Hilaira vexatrix Holm, 1956: 464, f. 5g-m (f, S, confirmed S of H. curvitarsis).
Hilaira vexatrix Holm, 1960b: 119, f. 20-22 (mf, S).
Hilaira vexatrix Leech, 1966: 184, f. 45-46 (mf).
Hilaira vexatrix Hormiga, 2000: 41, f. 14J-N, pl. 35A-F, 36A-F, 37A-F (mf).
Hilaira vexatrix Schmidt & Weller, 2008: 173, f. 6 (f).
Hilaira vexatrix Marusik, 2015: 688, f. 12A-C (mf).
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