Family: Nemesiidae Simon,1889 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0007] Detail
In synonymy:
Bemmeris Simon, 1903 = Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 (Raven, 1985a: 92)
Bessia Pocock, 1900 = Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 (Raven, 1985a: 92)
Ctenonemus Simon, 1903 = Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 (Raven, 1985a: 92)
Gen. Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00135] Detail
N.B.: transferred here from the Ctenizidae and considered a senior synonym of Bessia Pocock, 1900, Bemmeris Simon, 1903 and Ctenonemus Simon, 1903 by Raven, 1985a: 92.
Nomen dubium:
Spiroctenus lusitanus Franganillo, 1920: 141 (f, Portugal) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001294] -- Breitling et al., 2016b: 55, as Mygalomorphae incertae sedis.
Spiroctenus armatus Hewitt, 1913 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001278]
Spiroctenus armatus Hewitt, 1913c: 467 (Dm).
Spiroctenus broomi Tucker, 1917 | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001279]
Spiroctenus broomi Tucker, 1917: 101 (Df).
Spiroctenus cambierae (Purcell, 1902) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001280]
Hermachastes cambierae Purcell, 1902b: 369 (Dm).
Spiroctenus cambierae Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus cambierae Tucker, 1917: 98, pl. 9, f. 3 (m, Df).
Spiroctenus coeruleus Lawrence, 1952 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001281]
Spiroctenus coeruleus Lawrence, 1952a: 184, f. 1, 3 (Dm).
Spiroctenus collinus (Pocock, 1900) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001282]
Hermachastes collinus Pocock, 1900e: 319 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus collinus Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus collinus Tucker, 1917: 99, pl. 9, f. 4 (mf).
Spiroctenus curvipes Hewitt, 1919 | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001283]
Spiroctenus curvipes Hewitt, 1919b: 88, f. 8a-c, pl. 3, f. d-e (Dmf).
Spiroctenus exilis Lawrence, 1938 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001284]
Spiroctenus exilis Lawrence, 1938a: 458, f. 1 (Dm).
Spiroctenus flavopunctatus (Purcell, 1903) | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001285]
Hermachastes flavopunctatus Purcell, 1903b: 97 (Df).
Spiroctenus fossorius (Pocock, 1900) | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001286]
Bessia fossoria Pocock, 1900e: 320 (Df).
Bessia fossorix Bonnet, 1955: 881 (invalid emendation).
Spiroctenus fossorina Raven, 1985a: 92, f. 69-72.
Spiroctenus fuligineus (Pocock, 1902) | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001287]
Hermachastes fuligineus Pocock, 1902a: 14 (Df).
Spiroctenus gooldi (Purcell, 1903) | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001288]
Hermachastes gooldi Purcell, 1903b: 95 (Dm).
Spiroctenus gooldi Tucker, 1917: 104.
Spiroctenus inermis (Purcell, 1902) | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001289]
Hermachastes inermis Purcell, 1902b: 370 (Dm).
Spiroctenus inermis Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus latus Purcell, 1904 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001290]
Spiroctenus latus Purcell, 1904: 125 (Dm).
Spiroctenus lightfooti (Purcell, 1902) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001291]
Hermachastes lightfooti Purcell, 1902b: 363 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus lightfooti Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus lignicola Lawrence, 1937 | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001292]
Spiroctenus lignicolus Lawrence, 1937: 216 (Df; the ending of the species epithet is corrected to -icola, which is considered an adjective of common gender, with identical form for male and female, in accordance with classical Latin usage).
Spiroctenus londinensis Hewitt, 1919 | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001293]
Spiroctenus londinensis Hewitt, 1919b: 86, 107, f. 7a-b (Dmf).
Spiroctenus marleyi Hewitt, 1919 | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001295]
Spiroctenus marleyi Hewitt, 1919b: 83, f. 5 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus minor (Hewitt, 1913) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001296]
Bessia minor Hewitt, 1913c: 469, f. 5 (Df).
Bessia minor Hewitt, 1915c: 302, f. 4 (Dm).
Spiroctenus pallidipes Purcell, 1904 | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001297]
Spiroctenus pallidipes Purcell, 1904: 121 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus pardalina (Simon, 1903) | j | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001298]
Bemmeris pardalina Simon, 1903k: 42 (Df).
Bemmeris pardalina Purcell, 1904: 121 (considered a juvenile of H. collinus).
Bemmeris pardaliana Roewer, 1942a: 164 (lapsus).
Spiroctenus pectiniger (Simon, 1903) | j | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001299]
Ctenonemus pectiniger Simon, 1903k: 42 (Df).
Ctenonemus pectiniger Purcell, 1904: 121 (considered a juvenile).
Spiroctenus personatus Simon, 1888 * | m | Southern Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001300]
Spiroctenus personatus Simon, 1889h: 409 (Dm).
Spiroctenus personatus Raven, 1985a: 92, f. 60-68 (m).
Spiroctenus pilosus Tucker, 1917 | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001301]
Spiroctenus pilosus Tucker, 1917: 102 (Df).
Spiroctenus punctatus Hewitt, 1916 | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001302]
Spiroctenus punctatus Hewitt, 1916a: 222 (Df).
Spiroctenus purcelli Tucker, 1917 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001303]
Spiroctenus purcelli Tucker, 1917: 105, pl. 9, f. 6 (Dm).
Spiroctenus sagittarius (Purcell, 1902) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001304]
Hermachastes sagittarius Purcell, 1902b: 365 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus sagittarius Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus schreineri (Purcell, 1903) | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001305]
Hermachastes schreineri Purcell, 1903b: 96 (Df).
Spiroctenus schreineri Tucker, 1917: 132, f. 13C (f).
Spiroctenus spinipalpis Hewitt, 1919 | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001306]
Spiroctenus spinipalpis Hewitt, 1919b: 84, f. 6a-b, pl. 3, f. b (Dm).
Spiroctenus tricalcaratus (Purcell, 1903) | m | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001307]
Hermachastes tricalcaratus Purcell, 1903b: 94 (Dm).
Spiroctenus validus (Purcell, 1902) | m f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:001308]
Hermachastes validus Purcell, 1902b: 367 (Dmf).
Spiroctenus validus Simon, 1903a: 907.
Spiroctenus validus Tucker, 1917: 103, 132, f. 13B, pl. 9, f. 5 (mf).
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