Family: Araneidae Clerck,1757 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0102] Detail
In synonymy:
Singotypa Simon, 1894 = Phonognatha Simon, 1894 (Dondale, 1966: 1170)
Gen. Phonognatha Simon, 1894 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:01406] Detail
type Epeira graeffei Keyserling, 1865; gender presumably feminine
N.B.: Considered a senior synonym of Singotypa Simon, 1894 by Dondale, 1966: 1170; transferred here from the Tetragnathidae by Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 190, confirmed by Murphy & Roberts, 2015: ix.
Transferred to other genera:
Phonognatha acanthopus (Simon, 1907) -- see Singafrotypa
Phonognatha guanga Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 -- see Neriene
Phonognatha joannae Berland, 1924 -- see Artifex
Phonognatha melanopyga (L. Koch, 1871) -- see Artifex
Phonognatha vicitra Sherriffs, 1928 -- see Acusilas
In synonymy:
Phonognatha pallida (Dalmas, 1917) = Phonognatha melania (L. Koch, 1871) (Kallal & Hormiga, 2018b: 1091).
Phonognatha wagneri (Rainbow, 1896, T from Araneus) = Phonognatha graeffei (Keyserling, 1865) (Dondale, 1966: 1171).
Phonognatha graeffei (Keyserling, 1865) * | m f | Australia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:014062]
Epeira graeffii Keyserling, 1865: 811, pl. 19, f. 12-13 (Df; patronym for Graeffe).
Epeira graeffei L. Koch, 1871: 98.
Phonognatha graeffei Simon, 1894a: 748, f. 829-831 (f).
Epeira wagneri Rainbow, 1896a: 325, pl. 19, f. 2 (Df).
Phonognatha graeffei Dondale, 1966: 1171, f. 5A-G (f, Sm).
Phonognatha graeffei Davies, 1988b: 288, f. 10 (mf).
Phonognatha graeffei Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 323, f. 5K, 8A-G (m).
Phonognatha graeffei Kuntner, Coddington & Hormiga, 2008: 170, f. 11A-C, E-G (mf).
Phonognatha graeffei Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 838, f. 125E-F, 136E (m).
Phonognatha graeffei Kallal & Hormiga, 2018b: 1080, f. 1A,C, 4A-B, 10A, 11A-I, 12A-G, 13A-I (mf).
Phonognatha melania (L. Koch, 1871) | m f | Australia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:014066]
Epeira melania L. Koch, 1871: 100, pl. 8, f. 3 (Df).
Meta melania Keyserling, 1887a: 207, pl. 18, f. 7 (Dm).
Singotypa melania Simon, 1894a: 749.
Singotypa pallida Dalmas, 1917b: 435 (Dm) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:014068].
Phonognatha melania Dondale, 1966: 1172, f. 5H-O (mf).
Phonognatha melania Hickman, 1967: 56, f. 99-102 (mf).
Phonognatha melania Kallal & Hormiga, 2018b: 1091, f. 15A-I, 16A-G, 17A-I (mf, S of Phonognatha pallida).
Phonognatha neocaledonica Berland, 1924 | m f | New Caledonia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:014063]
Phonognatha graeffei neocaledonica Berland, 1924a: 213, f. 113-117 (Dmf).
Phonognatha neocaledonica Kallal & Hormiga, 2018b: 1098, f. 19A-D, 20A-G, 21A-I (mf, elevated to species rank from subspecies of P. graeffei).
Phonognatha tanyodon Kallal & Hormiga, 2018 | m f | Australia (Queensland, New South Wales)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050738]
Phonognatha tanyodon Kallal & Hormiga, 2018b: 1102, f. 1B, 23A-I, 24A-G, 25A-I (Dmf).
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