Family: Araneidae Clerck,1757 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0102] Detail
In synonymy:
Zigana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 = Pronous Keyserling, 1881 (Levi, 1995b: 168)
Gen. Pronous Keyserling, 1881 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:01551] Detail
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Zigana Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936 by Levi, 1995b: 168.
Transferred to other genera:
Pronous laevisternis Simon, 1909 -- see Hypsosinga
Pronous minutus (Saito, 1939) -- see Pronoides
Pronous taprobanicus Simon, 1895 -- see Hypsosinga
Pronous tetraspinulus Yin, Wang, Xie & Peng, 1990 -- see Araneus
Pronous affinis Simon, 1901 | f | Malaysia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017000]
Pronous affinis Simon, 1901k: 61 (Df).
Pronous beatus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1893) | m f | Mexico to Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017001]
Paphlagon beatus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1893b: 117, pl. 14, f. 10 (f).
Pronous beatus Levi, 1995b: 172, f. 66-70 (removed f from S of P. tuberculifer, Dm).
Pronous colon Levi, 1995 | f | Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017002]
Pronous colon Levi, 1995b: 177, f. 88-92 (Df).
Pronous felipe Levi, 1995 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017003]
Pronous felipe Levi, 1995b: 176, f. 75-78 (Dmf).
Pronous felipe Levi, 2002: 553, f. 244 (m).
Pronous golfito Levi, 1995 | m f | Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017004]
Pronous golfito Levi, 1995b: 177, f. 93-97 (Dmf).
Pronous intus Levi, 1995 | m f | Costa Rica to Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017005]
Pronous intus Levi, 1995b: 180, f. 53-54, 56, 58-61, 64-65, 103-111 (Dmf).
Pronous lancetilla Levi, 1995 | f | Honduras     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017006]
Pronous lancetilla Levi, 1995b: 176, f. 79-82 (Df).
Pronous nigripes Caporiacco, 1947 | m f | Guyana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017008]
Pronous nigripes Caporiacco, 1947a: 25 (Dmf).
Pronous nigripes Caporiacco, 1948a: 662, f. 71-73 (mf).
Pronous nigripes Levi, 1985: 542 (designated f lectotype; m=Micrathena acuta).
Pronous nigripes Levi, 1995b: 184, f. 127-130 (f).
Pronous pance Levi, 1995 | m f | Colombia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017009]
Pronous pance Levi, 1995b: 182, f. 122-126 (Dmf).
Pronous peje Levi, 1995 | m f | Costa Rica, Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017010]
Pronous peje Levi, 1995b: 177, f. 83-87 (Dmf).
Pronous quintana Levi, 1995 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017011]
Pronous tuberculifer O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898a: 281, pl. 36, f. 13 (m, misidentified).
Pronous quintana Levi, 1995b: 174, f. 71-74 (Dmf).
Pronous shanus Levi, 1995 | m f | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017012]
Pronous shanus Levi, 1995b: 181, f. 112-116 (Dmf).
Pronous tetralobus Simon, 1895 | f | Madagascar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017013]
Pronous tetralobus Simon, 1895a: 863 (Df).
Pronous tuberculifer Keyserling, 1881 * | m f | Colombia to Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017014]
Pronous tuberculifer Keyserling, 1881b: 548, pl. 16, f. 1 (Dmf).
Pronous tuberculifer Keyserling, 1892: 35, pl. 2, f. 31 (mf).
Pronous tuberculifer Simon, 1895a: 863, f. 922-924 (mf).
Pronous tuberculifer Yaginuma, 1965a: 29, f. 1.3 (m).
Pronous tuberculifer Levi, 1995b: 184, f. 57, 62, 131-139 (mf).
Pronous valle Levi, 1995 | m f | Colombia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017015]
Pronous valle Levi, 1995b: 182, f. 117-121 (Dmf).
Pronous wixoides (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) | m f | Panama, Colombia, Ecuador     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017016]
Zigana wixoides Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 53, pl. 16, f. 137, 139 (Df).
Pronous wixoides Levi, 1995b: 178, f. 55, 98-102 (f, Dm).
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