Family: Salticidae Blackwall,1841 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0101] Detail
In synonymy:
Diagondas Simon, 1902 = Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 (Maddison, 2015: 249)
Eugasmia Simon, 1902 = Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 (Prószyński, 1984a: 16)
Gen. Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:02872] Detail
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Eugasmia Simon, 1902 by Prószyński, 1984a: 16 (by transfer of type species), and of Diagondas Simon, 1902, type D. viridiaureus Simon, 1902 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:02924] by Maddison, 2015: 249.
Transferred to other genera:
Carrhotus chlorophthalmus (Simon, 1909) -- see Maratus
Carrhotus oscitans (Pocock, 1898) -- see Bindax
Carrhotus rufus Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Frigga
Carrhotus semiaurantiacus Simon, 1910 -- see Dasycyptus
In synonymy:
Carrhotus crinitus (Karsch, 1879, T from Hasarius) = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Prószyński, 1973b: 100).
Carrhotus detritus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906 = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Prószyński, 1973b: 100).
Carrhotus dimidiatus (Grube, 1861, originally in Attus, T from Salticus sub nomen dubium) = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Marusik, Mikhailov & Omelko, 2015: 120).
Carrhotus gajbei (Karthikeyani & Kannan, 2013) = Carrhotus viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Caleb, 2016b: 273).
Carrhotus ornatus (Simon, 1885, T from Mogrus) = Carrhotus viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Andreeva, Kononenko & Prószyński, 1981: 103).
Carrhotus pichoni Schenkel, 1963 = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Wesolowska, 1981b: 128).
Carrhotus rubrosquamulatus (Dönitz & Strand, 1906, T from Dendryphantes) = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Yaginuma, 1962c: 46, sub C. detritus).
Carrhotus varicus (Simon, 1868) = Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) (Breitling et al., 2016b: 65, confirming Simon, 1937: 1270).
Carrhotus aeneochelis Strand, 1907 | m f | Indonesia (Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032613]
Carrhotus aeneochelis Strand, 1907m: 454 (Dmf).
Carrhotus affinis Caporiacco, 1934 | m f | Libya     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032614]
Carrhotus affinis Caporiacco, 1934b: 19, f. 7 (Df).
Carrhotus affinis Caporiacco, 1936a: 108, f. 6 (Dm).
Carrhotus albolineatus (C. L. Koch, 1846) | f | Indonesia (Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:042882]
Plexippus albolineatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 105, f. 1167 (Df).
Attus albolineatus Walckenaer, 1847a: 427.
Carrhotus albolineatus Prószyński, 2009b: 157, f. 12 (removed f from S of C. viduus).
Carrhotus barbatus (Karsch, 1880) | m f | Philippines     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032615]
Eris barbatus Karsch, 1880c: 397, pl. 12, f. 16 (Dm).
Eugasmia barbata Simon, 1902a: 395.
Carrhotus barbatus Prószyński, 2009b: 158, f. 13-18 (m, Df).
Carrhotus bellus Wanless, 1984 | m f | Seychelles     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032616]
Carrhotus bellus Wanless, 1984c: 61, f. 21a-g (Dmf; not f. 20, legends reversed).
Carrhotus bellus Saaristo, 2010: 176, f. 27.16-20 (mf).
Carrhotus catagraphus Jastrzebski, 1999 | f | Nepal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032617]
Carrhotus catagraphus Jastrzebski, 1999: 7, f. 22-24 (Df).
Carrhotus coronatus (Simon, 1885) | m f | China, Vietnam to Indonesia (Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032618]
Plexippus sannio van Hasselt, 1882: 48, pl. 5, f. 15 (f, misidentified).
Ergane coronata Simon, 1885a: 33 (Dm).
Hasarius coronatus Thorell, 1887: 404.
Eugasmia coronata Simon, 1903a: 679, f. 831-832 (m).
Carrhotus coronatus Zabka, 1985: 207, f. 60-62 (f).
Carrhotus coronatus Chen & Zhang, 1991: 296, f. 311.1-3 (f).
Carrhotus coronatus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290F-G (f).
Carrhotus erus Jastrzebski, 1999 | m | Nepal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032619]
Carrhotus erus Jastrzebski, 1999: 4, f. 12-15 (Dm).
Carrhotus harringtoni Prószyński, 1992 | f | Madagascar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032620]
Carrhotus harringtoni Prószyński, 1992a: 90, f. 4-6 (Df).
Carrhotus kamjeensis Jastrzebski, 1999 | f | Bhutan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032621]
Carrhotus kamjeensis Jastrzebski, 1999: 5, f. 16-18 (Df).
Carrhotus kevinlii Cao & Li, 2016 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048880]
Carrhotus kevinlii Cao & Li, in Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016: 56, f. 9A-D, 10A-E (Dmf).
Carrhotus malayanus Prószyński, 1992 | m | Malaysia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032622]
Carrhotus malayanus Prószyński, 1992b: 167, f. 1-5 (Dm).
Carrhotus occidentalis (Denis, 1947) | m f | Egypt     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032623]
Eugasmia occidentalis Denis, 1947a: 82, pl. 5, f. 17, pl. 6, f. 14-15 (Dmf).
Carrhotus olivaceus (Peckham & Peckham, 1907) | m | Borneo     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032624]
Eugasmia olivacea Peckham & Peckham, 1907: 624 (Dm).
Carrhotus operosus Jastrzebski, 1999 | f | Nepal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032625]
Carrhotus operosus Jastrzebski, 1999: 7, f. 25-27 (Df).
Carrhotus pulchellus (Thorell, 1895) | m | Myanmar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032626]
Ergane pulchella Thorell, 1895: 391 (Dm).
Carrhotus s-bulbosus Jastrzebski, 2009 | m | Nepal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:042783]
Carrhotus s-bulbosus Jastrzebski, 2009: 535, f. 1-2, 5 (Dm).
Carrhotus samchiensis Jastrzebski, 1999 | f | Bhutan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032627]
Carrhotus samchiensis Jastrzebski, 1999: 6, f. 19-21 (Df).
Carrhotus sannio (Thorell, 1877) | m f | Réunion, India to Indonesia (Sulawesi)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032628]
Plexippus sannio Thorell, 1877b: 617 (Dm).
Hasarius virens Thorell, 1891: 147 (Df).
Hasarius sannio Workman & Workman, 1894: 16, f. 16 (mf).
Eugasmia sannio Simon, 1903a: 708.
Carrhotus sannio Prószyński, 1984a: 16 (mf).
Carrhotus sannio Zabka, 1985: 207, f. 63-70 (mf).
Carrhotus sannio Prószyński, 1992b: 168, f. 6 (m).
Carrhotus sannio Peng et al., 1993: 35, f. 66-74 (mf).
Carrhotus sannio Jastrzebski, 1999: 3, f. 4-7 (m).
Carrhotus sannio Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 289Q, 290H, 324P (mf).
Carrhotus sannio Ledoux, 2007: 33, f. 35 (f).
Carrhotus sannio Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 476, f. 343A-E (mf).
Carrhotus sannio Yin et al., 2012: 1337, f. 723a-i (mf).
Carrhotus sarahcrewsae Cao & Li, 2016 | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048881]
Carrhotus sarahcrewsae Cao & Li, in Cao, Li & Żabka, 2016: 59, f. 11A-D, 12A-B (Dm).
Carrhotus scriptus Simon, 1902 | m | Gabon     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032629]
Carrhotus scriptus Simon, 1902a: 393 (Dm).
Carrhotus singularis Simon, 1902 | f | South Africa     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032630]
Carrhotus singularis Simon, 1902a: 395 (Df).
Carrhotus subaffinis Caporiacco, 1947 | f | Ethiopia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032631]
Carrhotus subaffinis Caporiacco, 1947d: 246 (Df).
Carrhotus sufflavus Jastrzebski, 2009 | f | Bhutan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:042784]
Carrhotus sufflavus Jastrzebski, 2009: 535, f. 3-4, 6 (Df).
Carrhotus sundaicus Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010 | m f | Indonesia (Lombok)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:043593]
Carrhotus sundaicus Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 157, f. 21-24, 26-28 (Dmf).
Carrhotus taprobanicus Simon, 1902 | m f | Sri Lanka     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032632]
Carrhotus taprobanicus Simon, 1902a: 394 (Dmf).
Carrhotus tristis Thorell, 1895 | m | India, Myanmar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032633]
Carrhotus tristis Thorell, 1895: 379 (Dm).
Carrhotus tristis Prószyński, 1984a: 17 (m).
Carrhotus tristis Prószyński, 1992b: 168, f. 8-11 (m).
Carrhotus viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846) * | m f | India to China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032634]
Plexippus viduus C. L. Koch, 1846: 104, f. 1166 (Dm).
Attus viduus Walckenaer, 1847a: 426.
Hyllus morgani Simon, 1885e: 437 (Dm).
Mogrus ornatus Simon, 1885e: 439 (Df).
Carrhotus viduus Thorell, 1891: 142.
Plexippus cumulatus Karsch, 1892: 301, pl. 12, f. 28 (Df).
Carrhotus viduus Workman & Workman, 1894: 14, f. 14 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Simon, 1903a: 707, f. 827-828 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Pocock, 1904: 804, pl. 66, f. 8.
Carrhotus viduus Andreeva, Kononenko & Prószyński, 1981: 103, f. 39-42 (mf, S).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 1984a: 16 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Song & Chai, 1991: 13, f. 1A-D (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 1992b: 169, f. 7 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Peng et al., 1993: 36, f. 75-83 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Jastrzebski, 1999: 4, f. 8-11 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290I-J, 291A-B, 324Q (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2009b: 158, f. 19-23 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 157, f. 25, 29 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Yin et al., 2012: 1339, f. 724a-i (mf).
Plexippus gajbei Karthikeyani & Kannan, 2013: 43, f. 1a-c, images 1-2 (Df).
Carrhotus viduus Roy, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2016: 18, f. 14A-E, 25C, 27J (f).
Carrhotus viduus Caleb, 2016b: 273, f. 1-5 (mf, S of Plexippus gajbei).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2017b: 15, f. 4D (m).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2018a: 26, f. 5J (m).
Carrhotus viridiaureus (Simon, 1902) * | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:033145]
Diagondas viridiaureus Simon, 1902a: 396 (Dmf).
Diagondas viridiaureus Simon, 1903a: 708, f. 835 (m).
Diagondas viridiaureus Galiano, 1963a: 345, pl. XV, f. 11-14 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma (Latreille, 1819) | m f | Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia, China, Korea, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032635]
Aranea bicolor Walckenaer, 1802: 247 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Olivier, 1789 and Fabricius, 1798).
Attus bicolor Walckenaer, 1805: 24.
Salticus xanthogramma Latreille, 1819: 103 (D).
Attus xanthogramma Walckenaer, 1826: 52 (Df).
Dendryphantes mucidus C. L. Koch, 1846: 86, f. 1149 (Df).
Salticus xanthogramma Blackwall, 1851: 401 (m).
Dendryphantes bicolor Simon, 1864: 315.
Euophrys bicolor Simon, 1864: 500.
Attus bicolor Simon, 1868b: 28 (Df).
Attus varicus Simon, 1868b: 29, pl. 5, f. 7 (Dm).
Attus lanipes Simon, 1871: 189.
Philaeus bicolor Simon, 1876a: 49.
Philaeus varicus Simon, 1876a: 51.
Hasarius crinitus Karsch, 1879g: 86 (Dm).
Hyctia xanthogramma O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1881a: 561.
Philaeus bicolor Bösenberg, 1903: 441, pl. 42, f. 648 (m).
Carrhotus detritus Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 358, pl. 14, f. 385, 391 (Df).
Dendryphantes rubrosquamulatus Dönitz & Strand, in Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 397, pl. 9, f. 130 (Dmf).
Carrhotus bicolor Lessert, 1910b: 592.
Carrhotus bicolor Dahl, 1926: 47, f. 144-145 (mf).
Carrhotus bicolor Simon, 1937: 1238, 1270, f. 2008-2010 (mf).
Carrhotus detritus Saito, 1939: 40, f. 5.3 (f).
Carrhotus detritus Saito, 1959: 148, f. 205a-b (f).
Carrhotus detritus Yaginuma, 1960: 105, f. 89.1 (f).
Carrhotus detritus Yaginuma, 1962c: 46 (S).
Carrhotus pichoni Schenkel, 1963: 444, f. 254a-c (Dm).
Carrhotus detritus Lee, 1966: 74, f. 27g-h (f).
Carrhotus detritus Yaginuma, 1971: 105, f. 89.1 (f).
Carrhotus bicolor Miller, 1971: 142, pl. XXI, f. 16-17 (mf).
Salticus dimidiatus Prószyński, 1971c: 206 (nomen dubium).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Prószyński, 1973b: 100, f. 8-14 (mf, S).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Prószyński, 1976: 154, f. 238 (m).
Carrhotus pichoni Yin & Wang, 1979: 28, f. 3A-E (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Prószyński, 1979: 304, f. 17 (f).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Flanczewska, 1981: 192, f. 3 (m).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Prószyński & Zochowska, 1981: 18, f. 2-6 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Wesolowska, 1981a: 50, f. 19-21 (f).
Carrhotus pichoni Yin & Wang, 1981b: 269, f. 2A-F (m, Df).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Wesolowska, 1981b: 128, f. 1-3 (m, S).
Carrhotus detritus Hu, 1984: 355, f. 369.1 (f).
Carrhotus pichoni Hu, 1984: 356, f. 370.1-4 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Dunin, 1984b: 130, f. 3-4 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Guo, 1985: 175, f. 2-99.1-4 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Yaginuma, 1986a: 227, f. 126.3 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Song, 1987: 287, f. 244 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Bohdanowicz & Prószyński, 1987: 49, f. 9-17 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Zhang, 1987: 236, f. 207.1-4 (mf).
Carrhotus bicolor Peng, 1989: 158, f. 2A-F (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Chikuni, 1989b: 146, f. 1 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Chen & Gao, 1990: 181, f. 230a-c (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Chen & Zhang, 1991: 295, f. 310.1-3 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 494, f. 1322 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Maekawa & Ikeda, 1992: 103, f. 6 (f).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Peng et al., 1993: 38, f. 84-91 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Zhao, 1993: 392, f. 196a-c (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Fuhn & Gherasim, 1995: 109, f. 48A-G (mf).
Carrhotus bicolor Mcheidze, 1997: 96, f. 112 (f).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Zabka, 1997: 43, f. 70-76 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Metzner, 1999: 142, f. 107a-k (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290K, 291C (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Seo, 1999a: 107, f. 1-2 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Hu, 2001: 376, f. 234.1-2 (f).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 425, f. 281A-C (mf).
Salticus dimidiatus Logunov & Marusik, 2001: 259 (nomen dubium).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Namkung, 2002: 558, f. 43.2a-c (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Cho & Kim, 2002: 92, f. 6-7, 100-101, 212-213 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Kim & Cho, 2002: 94, f. 85-90 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Namkung, 2003: 562, f. 43.2a-c (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Trotta, 2005: 173, f. 409-410 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Wunderlich, 2008f: 713, f. 13-14 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Ono, Ikeda & Kono, 2009: 567, f. 69-72 (mf; N.B.: see also Ono, 2009: 594 for a putative synonymy of a supposed taxon Euophrys nipponicus Chikuni, 1941).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 477, f. 344A-D (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Yin et al., 2012: 1340, f. 725a-h (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Kim & Lee, 2014: 61, f. 44A-D, pl. 10 (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Marusik, Mikhailov & Omelko, 2015: 120 (S).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Baba & Tanikawa, 2015: 96, 5 f. (mf).
Carrhotus xanthogramma Breitling et al., 2016b: 65, f. 8 (Sm of Philaeus varicus).
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