Family: Halonoproctidae Pocock,1901 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0130] Detail
In synonymy:
Pachylomerides Strand, 1934 = Ummidia Thorell, 1875 (Roewer, 1955c: 1715)
Pachylomerus Ausserer, 1871 = Ummidia Thorell, 1875 (Roewer, 1955c: 1715, automatically with its replacement name Pachylomerides)
Sterrhochrotus Simon, 1892 = Ummidia Thorell, 1875 (Decae et al., 2019: 519, by transfer of the type species, rejecting Raven, 1985a: 159, syn. of Cteniza)
Gen. Ummidia Thorell, 1875 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00071] Detail
type Ummidia picea Thorell, 1875; gender feminine
N.B.: transferred from the Ctenizidae to the Halonoproctidae by Godwin et al., 2018: 307; Ummidia is the type genus of the subfamily Ummidiinae (see Ortiz, 2007: 395); considered a senior synonym of Pachylomerides Strand, 1934: 273 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:05052] by Roewer, 1955c: 1715; Pachylomerides is a replacement name for Pachylomerus Ausserer, 1871a: 145 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:05051] (type P. glaber Doleschall, 1871), preoccupied in Coleoptera by Bertolini, 1849; considered a senior synonym of Sterrhochrotus Simon, 1892a: 97 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:05044] (type Cteniza ferghanensis Kroneberg, 1875) by Decae et al., 2019: 519 (by transfer of the type species), rejecting the synonymy with Cteniza Latreille, 1829, considered by Raven, 1985a: 159; Conothele Thorell, 1878 is considered indistinguishable from Ummidia by Decae, 2010: 329.
Transferred to other genera:
Ummidia doenitzi (Kishida, 1913) -- see Conothele
Ummidia fragaria (Dönitz, 1887) -- see Conothele
Ummidia granulosa (Kishida, 1927) -- see Conothele
Ummidia gressitti Roewer, 1963 -- see Conothele
Ummidia midzusawai (Kishida, 1921) -- see Conothele
Ummidia mirandus (Kishida, 1921) -- see Conothele
Ummidia nawai (Kishida, 1921) -- see Conothele
Ummidia taiwanensis Tso, Haupt & Zhu, 2003 -- see Conothele
In synonymy:
Ummidia absoluta (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940) = Ummidia audouini (Lucas, 1836) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 16).
Ummidia carabivora emarginata (Atkinson, 1886) = Ummidia carabivora (Atkinson, 1886) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 37).
Ummidia celsa (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940) = Ummidia funerea (Gertsch, 1936) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 63).
Ummidia lanthanus (Valerio, 1988) = Ummidia rugosa (Karsch, 1880) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 128, T from Hebestatis).
Ummidia occidentalis (Simon, 1909) = Ummidia aedificatoria (Westwood, 1840) (Decae, 2010: 337).
Ummidia pygmaea (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1945) = Ummidia beatula (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 55).
Ummidia tuobita (Chamberlin, 1917) = Ummidia audouini (Lucas, 1836) (Godwin & Bond, 2021: 16).
Nomen dubium:
Ummidia oaxacana (Chamberlin, 1925d: 212, f; Mexico, originally in Pachylomerus) -- Godwin & Bond, 2021: 16.
Nomen nudum:
Ummidia tsushimensis (Kishida, sub Pachylomerus) -- Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 111.
Ummidia aedificatoria (Westwood, 1840) | f | Morocco     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000605]
Actinopus aedificatorius Westwood, 1840: 175, pl. 10, f. 1-25 (Df).
Sphodros aedificatorius Walckenaer, 1841: 438.
Cteniza aedificatoria Ausserer, 1871a: 155.
Pachylomerus aedificatorius Simon, 1892a: 88, f. 85-87.
Pachylomerus occidentalis Simon, 1909b: 8 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000621].
Pachylomerus occidentalis Frade & Bacelar, 1931c: 512, f. 5-6 (f).
Ummidia aedificatoria Decae, 2010: 337, f. 15, 19 (f, S).
Ummidia algarve Decae, 2010 | m f | Portugal     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:043497]
Pachylomerus aedificatorius O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1908b: 817, pl. 1, f. 1-6 (f, misidentified).
Pachylomerus piceus Frade & Bacelar, 1931c: 510, f. 3-4 (mf, misidentified).
Pachylomerus piceus Bacelar, 1937: 1568, f. 1-2 (mf, misidentified).
Ummidia algarve Decae, 2010: 329, f. 2-3, 10-11, 17, 21, 23 (Dmf).
Ummidia algeriana (Lucas, 1846) | f | Algeria, Tunisia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:043499]
Actinopus algerianus Lucas, 1846: 96, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df).
Pachylomerus aedificatorius Simon, 1892a: 88, f. 86 (f, misidentified).
Pachylomerus aedificatorius Simon, 1903a: 887, f. 1048 (f, misidentified).
Pachylomerus aedificatorius Frade & Bacelar, 1931c: 509, f. 1-2 (f, misidentified).
Ummidia algeriana Decae, 2010: 337, f. 14, 18 (removed f from S of U. aedificatoria).
Ummidia anaya Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052971]
Ummidia anaya Godwin & Bond, 2021: 105, f. 3I, 42A-E (Dm).
Ummidia armata (Ausserer, 1875) | f | Unknown     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000606]
Pachylomerus armatus Ausserer, 1875: 143 (Df).
Ummidia asperula (Simon, 1889) | m f | Venezuela     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000607]
Pachylomerus asperulus Simon, 1889m: 179 (Df).
Ummidia asperula Godwin & Bond, 2021: 152, f. 68A-B, 69A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia asperula Dupérré & Tapia, 2021: 270, f. 12A-B, 13A-D (f).
Ummidia audouini (Lucas, 1836) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000608]
Pachyloscelis audouinii Lucas, 1836f: 5 (Df).
Actinopus audouini Lucas, 1837: 387, pl. 13, f. 1-5 (f).
Sphodros audouini Walckenaer, 1841: 436.
Mygale solstitialis Hentz, 1842: 56, pl. 7, f. 2 (Df).
Mygale carolinensis Hentz, 1842: 56, pl. 7, f. 3 (Df).
Pachylomerus carolinensis Ausserer, 1871a: 147.
Pachylomerus turris Atkinson, 1886: 136, pl. 5, f. 5 (Df).
Pachylomerus audouini Simon, 1891f: 312 (S of Mygale carolinensis and M. solstitialis).
Pachylomerus audouini Banks, 1910: 2 (S of Pachylomerus turris).
Pachylomerus tuobitus Chamberlin, 1917: 33, pl. 1, f. 6-8 (Dm) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000626].
Pachylomerides absolutus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 311, f. 10 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000604].
Pachylomerides tuobitus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1945a: 556, f. 13-15 (m, Df).
Ummidia audouini Roddy, 1957: 286, f. 5-6 (Dm).
Ummidia absoluta Brignoli, 1983c: 117.
Ummidia audouini Godwin & Bond, 2021: 16, f. 3A-B 4A-B, 5A-E (mf; S of Ummidia absoluta and U. tuobita).
Ummidia beatula (Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000609]
Pachylomerides beatulus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 312, f. 11 (Df).
Pachylomerides pygmaeus Chamberlin & Ivie, 1945a: 558, f. 11-12 (Dm) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000623].
Ummidia beatula Brignoli, 1983c: 117.
Ummidia pygmaea Brignoli, 1983c: 117.
Ummidia beatula Godwin & Bond, 2021: 55, f. 18A-B, 19A-E (Dmf, S of Ummidia pygmaea).
Ummidia brandicarlileae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052973]
Ummidia brandicarlileae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 110, f. 45A-B, 46A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia carabivora (Atkinson, 1886) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000610]
Pachylomerus carabivorus Atkinson, 1886: 133, pl. 5, f. 1-4 (Df).
Pachylomerus quadrispinosus Atkinson, 1886: 133, pl. 5, f. 21 (D).
Pachylomerus carabivorus emarginatus Atkinson, 1886: 134 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000611].
Pachylomerus carabivorus Baerg, 1928: 1, pl. 1.
Pachylomerus carabivorus Petrunkevitch, 1929a: 511, pl. 1, f. 1-9.
Ummidia carabivora Godwin & Bond, 2021: 37, f. 10A-B, 11A-E (Dm, f, S of Ummidia carabivora emarginata).
Ummidia carlosviquezi Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Nicaragua, Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052979]
Ummidia carlosviquezi Godwin & Bond, 2021: 132, f. 57A-B, 58A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia cerrohoya Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052982]
Ummidia cerrohoya Godwin & Bond, 2021: 144, f. 63A-B (Df).
Ummidia colemanae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052960]
Ummidia colemanae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 61, f. 20A-E (Dm).
Ummidia cuicatec Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052972]
Ummidia cuicatec Godwin & Bond, 2021: 107, f. 43A-B, 44A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia erema (Chamberlin, 1925) | m f | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000613]
Pachylomerus eremus Chamberlin, 1925d: 211 (Df).
Ummidia erema Godwin & Bond, 2021: 145, f. 64A-B, 65A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia ferghanensis (Kroneberg, 1875) | j | Central Asia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000535]
Cteniza ferghanensis Kroneberg, 1875: 27, pl. 3, f. 18 (Dj).
Sterrhochrotus ferghanensis Simon, 1892a: 97.
Ummidia ferghanensis Decae et al., 2019: 519 (T from Cteniza).
Ummidia frankellerae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Belize     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052975]
Ummidia frankellerae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 118, f. 49A-B (Df).
Ummidia funerea (Gertsch, 1936) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000615]
Pachylomerus funereus Gertsch, 1936a: 1, f. 1-2 (Dm).
Pachylomerides celsus Gertsch & Mulaik, 1940: 313, f. 14-15 (Dm) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000612].
Ummidia celsa Brignoli, 1983c: 117.
Ummidia funerea Godwin & Bond, 2021: 63, f. 21A-B, 22A-E (m, Df, S of Ummidia celsa).
Ummidia gabrieli Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052967]
Ummidia gabrieli Godwin & Bond, 2021: 90, f. 34A-B, 35A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia gandjinoi (Andreeva, 1968) | m f | Tajikistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000616]
Pachylomerus gandjinoi Andreeva, 1968: 68, f. 1 (Dm).
Pachylomerus ganjinoi Andreeva, 1976: 13, f. 1-5 (m).
Ummidia gandjinoi Brignoli, 1983c: 117.
Ummidia gandjinoi Zonstein, 2008: 151, f. 1-6 (Df).
Ummidia gandjinoi Zonstein, 2018a: 17, f. 1, 3, 5-8 (m).
Ummidia gertschi Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052965]
Ummidia gertschi Godwin & Bond, 2021: 80, f. 30A-B, 31A-F (Dmf).
Ummidia gingoteague Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052955]
Ummidia gingoteague Godwin & Bond, 2021: 33, f. 3D-E, 8A-B, 9A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia glabra (Doleschall, 1871) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000617]
Pachylomerus glaber Doleschall, in Ausserer, 1871a: 146 (Df).
Ummidia hondurena Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Honduras, El Salvador     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052976]
Ummidia hondurena Godwin & Bond, 2021: 122, f. 3D, 51A-B, 52A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia huascazaloya Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052970]
Ummidia huascazaloya Godwin & Bond, 2021: 101, f. 3F, 40A-B, 41A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia insularis Santos, Ortiz & Sánchez-Ruiz, 2022 | m f | Dominican Rep.     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053711]
Ummidia insularis Santos, Ortiz & Sánchez-Ruiz, 2022: 443, f. 1A-F, 2A-F, 3A-G, 4A-F, 5A-F (Dmf).
Ummidia macarthuri Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052959]
Ummidia macarthuri Godwin & Bond, 2021: 51, f. 16A-B, 17A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia matagalpa Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Nicaragua     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052978]
Ummidia matagalpa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 127, f. 54A-B (Df).
Ummidia mercedesburnsae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052962]
Ummidia mercedesburnsae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 70, f. 24A-B, 25A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia mischi Zonstein, 2014 | m | Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:047173]
Ummidia mischi Zonstein, 2014: 269, f. 1-6 (Dm).
Ummidia mischi Zonstein, 2018a: 18, f. 2, 4, 9 (m).
Ummidia modesta (Banks, 1901) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000618]
Pachylomerus modestus Banks, 1901b: 570, pl. 33, f. 1 (Dm).
Ummidia modesta Godwin & Bond, 2021: 75, f. 27A-B, 28A-E (m, Df).
Ummidia neblina Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Venezuela     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052985]
Ummidia neblina Godwin & Bond, 2021: 155, f. 70A-B (Df).
Ummidia neilgaimani Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052954]
Ummidia neilgaimani Godwin & Bond, 2021: 27, f. 3G-H, 6A-B, 7A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia nidulans (Fabricius, 1787) | f | Jamaica, West Indies     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000619]
Aranea nidulans Fabricius, 1787: 343 (Df).
Mygale nidulans Latreille, 1804a: 166.
Cteniza nidulans Sells, 1837: 207, pl. 70, f. 1-9 (f).
Cteniza venatoria C. L. Koch, 1838: 12, f. 345 (Df).
Actinopus nidulans Westwood, 1840: 173.
Actinopus venatorius C. L. Koch, 1850: 75.
Pachylomerus nidulans Ausserer, 1871a: 147.
Pachylomerus nidulans Simon, 1892a: 87, f. 88-89.
Ummidia nidulans Rudloff, 1996b: 48, f. 1-6, 9 (f).
Ummidia nidulans Godwin & Bond, 2021: 159, f. 73A-B (f).
Ummidia okefenokee Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052957]
Ummidia okefenokee Godwin & Bond, 2021: 46, f. 14A-E (Dm).
Ummidia paulacushingae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052963]
Ummidia paulacushingae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 73, f. 26A-E (Dm).
Ummidia pesiou Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052968]
Ummidia pesiou Godwin & Bond, 2021: 94, f. 36A-B (Df).
Ummidia picea Thorell, 1875 * | m f | Spain     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:043498]
Ummidia picea Thorell, 1875a: 102 (Dm).
Ummidia picea Thorell, 1875c: 121 (Dm).
Pachylomerus piceus Frade & Bacelar, 1931c: 510, f. 4bis (not f. 3-4).
Ummidia picea Decae, 2010: 335, f. 12-13, 16, 20, 22 (removed m from S of U. aedificatoria, Df).
Ummidia aedificatoria Le Peru, 2011: 72, f. 35 (m; adapted from Frade & Bacelar, 1931c: 510, f. 4bis).
Ummidia pustulosa (Becker, 1879) | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000622]
Pachylomerus pustulosus Becker, 1879d: 140 (Df).
Pachylomerus pustulosus Becker, 1881b: 44, pl. 2, f. 2 (f).
Ummidia pustulosa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 99, f. 39A-B (f).
Ummidia quepoa Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052981]
Ummidia quepoa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 141, f. 61A-B, 62A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia quijichacaca Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Colombia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052983]
Ummidia quijichacaca Godwin & Bond, 2021: 149, f. 66A-B (Df).
Ummidia richmond Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052958]
Ummidia richmond Godwin & Bond, 2021: 48, f. 15A-E (Dm).
Ummidia riverai Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | Guatemala     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052974]
Ummidia riverai Godwin & Bond, 2021: 116, f. 48A-E (Dm).
Ummidia rodeo Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052969]
Ummidia rodeo Godwin & Bond, 2021: 95, f. 37A-B, 38A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia rongodwini Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052956]
Ummidia rongodwini Godwin & Bond, 2021: 41, f. 12A-B, 13A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia rosillos Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052961]
Ummidia rosillos Godwin & Bond, 2021: 67, f. 23A-E (Dm).
Ummidia rugosa (Karsch, 1880) | m f | Nicaragua, Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000624]
Pachylomerus rugosus Karsch, 1880c: 388 (Df).
Hebestatis lanthanus Valerio, 1988: 228, f. 1-9 (Dmf) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000544].
Ummidia rugosa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 128, f. 55A-C, 56A-E (mf, S of Hebestatis lanthanus).
Ummidia salebrosa (Simon, 1892) | f | St. Vincent     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000625]
Pachylomerus salebrosus Simon, 1892e: 530 (Df).
Ummidia salebrosa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 158, f. 72A-B (f).
Ummidia tibacuy Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Colombia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052984]
Ummidia tibacuy Godwin & Bond, 2021: 150, f. 67A-B (Df).
Ummidia timcotai Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052966]
Ummidia timcotai Godwin & Bond, 2021: 86, f. 32A-B, 33A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia tunapuna Godwin & Bond, 2021 | f | Trinidad and Tobago     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052986]
Ummidia tunapuna Godwin & Bond, 2021: 157, f. f71A-B (Df).
Ummidia varablanca Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m f | Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052980]
Ummidia varablanca Godwin & Bond, 2021: 137, f. 59A-B, 60A-E (Dmf).
Ummidia waunekaae Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052964]
Ummidia waunekaae Godwin & Bond, 2021: 78, f. 29A-E (Dm).
Ummidia yojoa Godwin & Bond, 2021 | m | Honduras     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052977]
Ummidia yojoa Godwin & Bond, 2021: 125, f. 53A-E (Dm).
Ummidia zebrina (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897) | m | Mexico, Guatemala     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000627]
Pachylomerus zebrinus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897a: 9, pl. 1, f. 8 (Dm).
Ummidia zebrina Ibarra-Núñez, Maya-Morales & Chamé-Vázquez, 2011: 1186, f. 5e (m).
Ummidia zebrina Godwin & Bond, 2021: 114, f. 47A-E (m).
Ummidia zilchi Kraus, 1955 | m | Mexico, El Salvador, Belize     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000628]
Ummidia zilchi Kraus, 1955b: 7, f. 1-2 (Dm; f is misidentified Ummidia hondurena per Godwin & Bond, 2021: 119) .
Ummidia zilchi Bücherl, 1957: 382, f. 1-1a (m).
Ummidia zilchi Godwin & Bond, 2021: 119, f. 50A-E (m).
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