Family: Dipluridae Simon,1889 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0005] Detail
In synonymy:
Achetopus Tullgren, 1905 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 74)
Euharmonicon Mello-Leitão, 1920 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 74)
Evagrella Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 74)
Parathalerothele Canals, 1931 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1968b: 185, sub Achetopus)
Prosharmonicon Mello-Leitão, 1938 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Bücherl, 1962a: 261, sub Harmonicon)
Pseudohermachura Mello-Leitão, 1927 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Bücherl, 1962a: 261, sub Harmonicon)
Taunayella Mello-Leitão, 1923 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 74)
Thalerothele Bertkau, 1880 = Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 (Raven, 1985a: 159)
Gen. Diplura C. L. Koch, 1850 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00031] Detail
type Mygale macrura C. L. Koch, 1841; gender feminine
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Thalerothele Bertkau, 1880, Harmonicon F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 [but see below] (and thereby of Pseudohermachura Mello-Leitão, 1927 and Prosharmonicon Mello-Leitão, 1938, per Bücherl, 1962a: 261, contra Mello-Leitão, 1947b: 231, who considered the latter name a junior synonym of Parathalerothele Canals, 1931), Achetopus Tullgren, 1905 (considered a senior synonym of Parathalerothele Canals, 1931 by Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1968b: 185), Euharmonicon Mello-Leitão, 1920, Evagrella Mello-Leitão, 1923 and Taunayella Mello-Leitão, 1923 by Raven, 1985a: 74, but all species previously assigned to Diplura itself, except for the type species, D. macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841), and two others transferred to Rachias, were transferred by Raven (mostly without individual citations) to Linothele Karsch, 1879; not a senior synonym of Harmonicon F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896 (Maréchal & Marty, 1998, contra Raven, 1985a), see note under Harmonicon.
In synonymy:
Diplura aurantiaca (Mello-Leitão, 1943) = Diplura macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 128, sub Thalerothele).
Diplura bicolor (Simon, 1889) = Diplura macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 3).
Diplura fasciata (Bertkau, 1880) = Diplura lineata (Lucas, 1857) (Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 11).
Diplura maculata (Mello-Leitão, 1938) = Diplura catharinensis (Mello-Leitão, 1927) (Bücherl, 1962a: 261, sub Harmonicon, confirmed by Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018: 69).
Diplura minensis (Mello-Leitão, 1926) = Diplura macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 128, sub Thalerothele).
Diplura nigridorsi (Mello-Leitão, 1924) = Diplura lineata (Lucas, 1857) (Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 11).
Diplura uniformis (Mello-Leitão, 1923) = Diplura macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 3).
Nomen dubium:
Diplura gymnognatha Bertkau, 1880a: 21, pl. 1, f. 5 (f, Brazil) -- Drolshagen & Bäckstam, 2021: 190.
Diplura annectens (Bertkau, 1880) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000262]
Macrothele annectens Bertkau, 1880a: 26 (Df).
Ischnothele annectens Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 84.
Thalerothele annectens Roewer, 1942a: 200.
Diplura argentina (Canals, 1931) | m | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000263]
Parathalerothele argentina Canals, 1931b: 358, f. 1-5 (Dm).
Achetopus argentinus Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1968b: 187, f. 9-13 (m).
Diplura catharinensis (Mello-Leitão, 1927) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000264]
Pseudohermachura catharinensis Mello-Leitão, 1927c: 402 (Df).
Prosharmonicon maculatum Mello-Leitão, 1938b: 313 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000271].
Harmonicon catharinensis Bücherl, 1962a: 261 (S of Prosharmonicon maculatum, confirmed by Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018: 69).
Diplura erlandi (Tullgren, 1905) | m f | Bolivia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000265]
Achetopus erlandi Tullgren, 1905: 14, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
Achetopus erlandi Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1968b: 185, f. 1-5 (m).
Diplura erlandi Bäckstam, 2015: 255, f. 1-14 (m).
Diplura garbei (Mello-Leitão, 1923) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000267]
Evagrella garbei Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 88, f. 35-36 (Df).
Diplura garleppi (Simon, 1892) | f | Bolivia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000268]
Hapalothele garleppi Simon, 1892d: 284 (Df).
Fufius garleppi F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896: 753.
Diplura garleppi Raven, 1985a: 135 (Tf from Fufius).
Diplura lineata (Lucas, 1857) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000269]
Mygale lineata Lucas, 1857c: 14, f. 1a-c (Dm; N.B.: "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer).
Thalerothele fasciata Bertkau, 1880a: 24, pl. 1, f. 6 (Df).
Diplura fasciata Simon, 1889m: 183.
Thalerothele fasciata Simon, 1903a: 963.
Thalerothele fasciata Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 101, f. 10 (f).
Harmonicon nigridorsi Mello-Leitão, 1924b: 186 (Df).
Thalerothele lineata Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 309.
Harmonicon nigridorsi Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 315, f. 4 (f).
Paraharmonicon nigridorsi Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 316 (tentative name only).
Harmonicon nigridorsi Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 122, f. 15-16 (Dm).
Diplura lineata Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 11, f. 14-25 (mf, S of D. fasciata and D. nigridorsi).
Diplura macrura (C. L. Koch, 1841) * | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000270]
Mygale macrura C. L. Koch, 1841a: 38, f. 715 (Dm).
Diplura macrura C. L. Koch, 1850: 75.
Diplura bicolor Simon, 1889m: 215 (Df).
Thalerothele uniformis Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 105, f. 4 (Dm).
Thalerothele minensis Mello-Leitão, 1926a: 314, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Diplura bicolor Mello-Leitão, 1937a: 3, f. 3 (Dm).
Thalerothele aurantiaca Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 255 (Df).
Diplura bicolor Bücherl, 1957: 385, f. 12-12a (m).
Thalerothele uniformis Bücherl, Timotheo & Lucas, 1971: 128, f. 12-14 (m, Sf).
Diplura macrura Raven, 1985a: 74, f. 18-23 (m).
Diplura macrura Pedroso, Castanheira & Baptista, 2016: 3, f. 2-13 (mf, S of Linothele bicolor and Diplura uniformis).
Diplura mapinguari Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018 | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050385]
Diplura mapinguari Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018: 59, f. 1-10, 28 (Dmf).
Diplura nigra (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000272]
Melodeus niger F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896: 759, pl. 33, f. 2, 5 (Df).
Thalerothele nigra Petrunkevitch, 1911: 91.
Thalerothele nigra Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 102, f. 12 (f).
Diplura nigra Brescovit, Sherwood & Lucas, 2021: 684, f. 2A-E, 3B-D, 9A-G, 10A-D, 11A-F, 12A-D (Dmf).
Diplura paraguayensis (Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1940) | m f | Paraguay, Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000274]
Parathalerothele paraguayensis Gerschman & Schiapelli, 1940: 105, pl. IX (Dm).
Achetopus paraguayensis Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1968b: 189, f. 6-8, 14-15 (m).
Achetopus paraguayensis Goloboff, 1982b: 103, f. 1 (Df).
Diplura paraguayensis Grismado & Goloboff, 2014a: 99, f. 11 (m).
Diplura parallela (Mello-Leitão, 1923) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000275]
Achetopus parallelus Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 99, f. 7-9 (Df).
Diplura petrunkevitchi (Caporiacco, 1955) | f | Venezuela     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000276]
Harmonicum petrunkevitchi Caporiacco, 1955: 269 (Df).
Diplura riveti (Simon, 1903) | m | Ecuador     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000277]
Harmonicon riveti Simon, 1903j: 314 (Dm).
Harmonicon riveti Berland, 1913b: 83, pl. 7, f. 5-6 (m).
Diplura riveti Dupérré & Tapia, 2021: 266, f. 7A-B, 8A-D (m, misplaced in Diplura).
Diplura rodrigoi Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018 | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050386]
Diplura rodrigoi Pedroso, Giupponi & Baptista, 2018: 62, f. 11-20, 25 (Dmf).
Diplura sanguinea (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000278]
Melodeus sanguineus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1896: 758, pl. 33, f. 1, 4, 7, pl. 35, f. 1 (Df).
Thalerothele sanguinea Simon, 1903a: 963.
Thalerothele sanguinea Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 104, f. 11 (f).
Diplura sanguinea Brescovit, Sherwood & Lucas, 2021: 682, f. 1A-E, 3A, 4A-G, 5A-D, 6A-F, 7A-D, 8A-D (Dmf).
Diplura studiosa (Mello-Leitão, 1920) | m | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000279]
Euharmonicon studiosum Mello-Leitão, 1920b: 60 (Dm).
Euharmonicon studiosum Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 94, f. 19-22, 32-34 (m).
Diplura taunayi (Mello-Leitão, 1923) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000280]
Taunayella taunayi Mello-Leitão, 1923a: 97, f. 13-16, 23 (Dmf).
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