Family: Gnaphosidae Pocock,1898 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0054] Detail
In synonymy:
Bonna O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898 = Herpyllus Hentz, 1832 (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 4)
Gen. Herpyllus Hentz, 1832 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:02432] Detail
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Bonna O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898 by Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 4; Old World species probably misplaced.
Transferred to other genera:
Herpyllus anatolicus Kamura, 1989 -- see Sanitubius
Herpyllus angustus Banks, 1904 -- see Sergiolus
Herpyllus atopophysis Chamberlin, 1928 -- see Nodocion
Herpyllus cultior (Kulczyński, 1899) -- see Scotophaeus
Herpyllus floridanus (Banks, 1896) -- see Nodocion
Herpyllus haplodrassoides Denis, 1955 -- see Zelotes
Herpyllus irvingi Mello-Leitão, 1944 -- see Cesonia
Herpyllus josephus (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1940) -- see Cesonia
Herpyllus longipes (Nicolet, 1849) -- see Camillina
Herpyllus pius Chamberlin, 1920 -- see Scotophaeus
Herpyllus striatus (Kishida, 1932) -- see Drassodes
Herpyllus suavis Simon, 1893 -- see Apopyllus
In synonymy:
Herpyllus bryantae (Roewer, 1951, T from Zelotes) = Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz, 1832 (Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 5).
Herpyllus bryophilus Chamberlin, 1936 = Herpyllus emertoni Bryant, 1935 (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 21).
Herpyllus cepeus Chamberlin, 1936 = Herpyllus cockerelli (Banks, 1901) (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 16).
Herpyllus cratus Chamberlin, 1922 = Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz, 1832 (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 7).
Herpyllus faxoni Bryant, 1936 = Herpyllus emertoni Bryant, 1935 (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 21).
Herpyllus itamus Chamberlin, 1936 = Herpyllus emertoni Bryant, 1935 (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 21).
Herpyllus lesserti (Schenkel, 1950, T from Poecilochroa) = Herpyllus hesperolus Chamberlin, 1928 (Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 7).
Herpyllus piedicus Chamberlin & Woodbury, 1929 = Herpyllus propinquus (Keyserling, 1887) (Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 9).
Homonym replaced:
Herpyllus validus (Banks, 1896) -- see Herpyllus hesperolus
Nomina dubia:
Herpyllus pygmaeus Hentz, 1847: 459 (USA) -- Ubick & Roth, 1973b: 5.
Herpyllus ramulosus Hentz, 1847: 459 (USA) -- Ubick & Roth, 1973b: 5.
Herpyllus vespa Hentz, 1847: 458, pl. 24, f. 13 (f, USA) -- Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 6.
Nomen nudum:
Herpyllus vasifer (Walckenaer, 1805: 46) -- Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 4.
Herpyllus australis (Holmberg, 1881) | m f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027391]
Drassus australis Holmberg, 1881b: 136, pl. 3, f. 4 (Dm).
Herpyllus australis Mello-Leitão, 1940b: 46, f. 44-45 (m, Df).
Herpyllus bensonae Fox, 1938 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027392]
Herpyllus bensonae Fox, 1938a: 232, pl. 1, f. 7 (Dm).
Herpyllus bensonae Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 26, f. 71-74 (m, Df).
Herpyllus brachet Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027393]
Herpyllus brachet Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 37, f. 113-114 (Df).
Herpyllus bubulcus Chamberlin, 1922 | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027394]
Herpyllus bubulcus Chamberlin, 1922: 150 (Df).
Herpyllus bubulcus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 29, f. 85-90 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus calcuttaensis Biswas, 1984 | f | India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027395]
Herpyllus calcuttaensis Biswas, 1984a: 123, f. 7-10 (Df).
Herpyllus coahuilanus Gertsch & Davis, 1940 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027396]
Herpyllus coahuilanus Gertsch & Davis, 1940b: 5, f. 1-2 (Dmf).
Herpyllus coahuilanus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 34, f. 99-102 (mf).
Herpyllus cockerelli (Banks, 1901) | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027397]
Prosthesima cockerelli Banks, 1901b: 571, pl. 33, f. 2 (Dmf).
Herpyllus cockerelli Banks, 1910: 8.
Herpyllus cepeus Chamberlin, 1936b: 2, f. 13 (Df).
Herpyllus cockerelli Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 15, f. 31-36 (mf, S).
Herpyllus convallis Chamberlin, 1936 | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027398]
Herpyllus convallis Chamberlin, 1936a: 2, f. 1-3 (Dmf).
Herpyllus convallis Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 27, f. 69-70, 75-78 (mf).
Herpyllus coreanus Paik, 1992 | m | Korea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027399]
Herpyllus coreanus Paik, 1992b: 133, f. 1-10 (Dm).
Herpyllus coreanus Kim & Lee, 2013: 117, f. 81A-C (m).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz, 1832 * | m f | North America     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027400]
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz, 1832: 102 (Df).
Drassus vasifer Walckenaer, 1837: 620 (Df).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Hentz, 1847: 455, pl. 24, f. 2 (f).
Prosthesima bimaculata Keyserling, 1887b: 433, pl. 6, f. 9 (Dm).
Prosthesima ecclesiastica Emerton, 1890: 173, pl. 3, f. 7 (f, Dm).
Prosthesima ecclesiastica Emerton, 1902: 5, f. 17-18 (f).
Melanophora bimaculata Bryant, 1908: 7.
Herpyllus vasifer Comstock, 1912: 318, f. 308.
Herpyllus cratus Chamberlin, 1922: 150 (Df).
Herpyllus vasifer Kaston, 1948: 349, f. 1165-1169 (mf).
Zelotes bryantae Roewer, 1951: 444 (replacement name for Prosthesima bimaculata).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 5 (removed mf from S of H. vasifer, S).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 7, f. 1-8 (mf, S).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Heiss & Allen, 1986: 60, f. 99-101 (mf).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 273, f. 14, 433-436 (mf).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 79, f. 685-687 (mf).
Herpyllus ecclesiasticus Murphy, 2007: 46, f. 278-279 (mf).
Herpyllus emertoni Bryant, 1935 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027401]
Herpyllus emertoni Bryant, 1935a: 73, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (Df).
Herpyllus faxoni Bryant, 1936a: 96, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
Herpyllus emertoni Chamberlin, 1936b: 1, f. 8 (Dm).
Herpyllus bryophilus Chamberlin, 1936b: 1, f. 9 (Df).
Herpyllus itamus Chamberlin, 1936b: 2, f. 10 (Df).
Herpyllus emertoni Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 21, f. 51-56 (mf, S).
Herpyllus excelsus Fox, 1938 | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027402]
Herpyllus excelsus Fox, 1938a: 232, pl. 2, f. 8 (Df).
Herpyllus excelsus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 12, f. 15-20 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus fidelis (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898) | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027403]
Bonna fidelis O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898a: 250, pl. 33, f. 1 (Df).
Herpyllus fidelis Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 37, f. 115-116 (f).
Herpyllus frio Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027404]
Herpyllus frio Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 14, f. 27-30 (Dmf).
Herpyllus gertschi Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027405]
Herpyllus gertschi Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 35, f. 57-58, 103-106 (Dmf).
Herpyllus giganteus Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027406]
Herpyllus giganteus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 38, f. 117-118 (Df).
Herpyllus goaensis Tikader, 1982 | f | India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027407]
Herpyllus goaensis Tikader, 1982b: 460, f. 372-376 (Df).
Herpyllus goaensis Gajbe, 2007: 478, f. 162-166 (f).
Herpyllus hesperolus Chamberlin, 1928 | m f | North America     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027408]
Prosthesima valida Banks, 1896e: 62 (Dmf, preoccupied).
Herpyllus validus Banks, 1904b: 337, pl. 39, f. 25, 29 (mf).
Herpyllus hesperolus Chamberlin, in Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1928: 176 (replacement name).
Sergiolus lesserti Schenkel, 1950b: 42, f. 9 (Df).
Poecilochroa lesserti Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 7 (Tf from Sergiolus).
Herpyllus hesperolus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 23, f. 63-68 (mf).
Herpyllus hesperolus Platnick & Shadab, 1981e: 7 (S).
Herpyllus hesperolus Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 271, f. 429-432 (mf).
Herpyllus iguala Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027409]
Herpyllus iguala Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 23, f. 59-62 (Dmf).
Herpyllus lativulvus Denis, 1958 | f | Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027410]
Herpyllus lativulva Denis, 1958b: 88, f. 6 (Df).
Herpyllus malkini Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027411]
Herpyllus malkini Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 37, f. 111-112 (Df).
Herpyllus paropanisadensis Denis, 1958 | f | Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027412]
Herpyllus paropanisadensis Denis, 1958b: 86, f. 3 (Df).
Herpyllus perditus (Banks, 1898) | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027413]
Drassodes perditus Banks, 1898b: 215, pl. 13, f. 7 (Dmf).
Herpyllus perditus Platnick & Shadab, 1976a: 4 (Tmf from Drassodes).
Herpyllus perditus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 32, f. 95-98 (mf).
Herpyllus perote Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027414]
Herpyllus perote Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 35, f. 107-110 (Dmf).
Herpyllus pictus (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1899) | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027415]
Scotophaeus pictus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1899a: 59, pl. 4, f. 14 (Df).
Herpyllus pictus Ubick & Roth, 1973c: 2 (Tf from Scotophaeus).
Herpyllus pictus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 19, f. 47-50 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus propinquus (Keyserling, 1887) | m f | North America     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027416]
Prosthesima propinqua Keyserling, 1887b: 430, pl. 6, f. 7 (Df).
Herpyllus californicus Banks, 1904a: 110, f. 11 (Df).
Herpyllus piedicus Chamberlin & Woodbury, 1929: 132, pl. 2, f. 6-8 (Dm).
Herpyllus propinquus Chamberlin, 1936a: 1.
Herpyllus propinquus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 9, f. 9-14, 130 (f, Sm).
Herpyllus propinquus Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 275, f. 437-440 (mf).
Herpyllus propinquus Zakharov & Ovtcharenko, 2013a: 16, f. 2a-b (m).
Herpyllus proximus Denis, 1958 | f | Turkmenistan, Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027417]
Herpyllus proximus Denis, 1958b: 88, f. 5 (Df).
Herpyllus regnans Chamberlin, 1936 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027418]
Herpyllus regnans Chamberlin, 1936b: 2, f. 14 (Df).
Herpyllus regnans Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 31, f. 91-94 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus reservatus Chamberlin, 1936 | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027419]
Herpyllus reservatus Chamberlin, 1936b: 3, f. 15 (Df).
Herpyllus reservatus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 19, f. 21-22, 43-46 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus scholasticus Chamberlin, 1922 | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027420]
Herpyllus scholasticus Chamberlin, 1922: 149 (Dm).
Herpyllus scholasticus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 18, f. 37-42 (mf).
Herpyllus schwarzi (Banks, 1901) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027421]
Prosthesima schwarzi Banks, 1901a: 582, pl. 22, f. 7 (Df).
Herpyllus schwarzi Banks, 1910: 8.
Herpyllus schwarzi Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 28, f. 79-84 (f, Dm).
Herpyllus sherus Platnick & Shadab, 1977 | m f | Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027422]
Herpyllus sherus Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 13, f. 23-26 (Dmf).
Herpyllus vicinus Denis, 1958 | f | Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027423]
Herpyllus vicinus Denis, 1958b: 87, f. 4 (Df).
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