Family: Gnaphosidae Pocock,1898 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0054] Detail
Gen. Synaphosus Platnick & Shadab, 1980 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:02484] Detail
S. Platnick & Shadab, 1980a: 21, type Zelotes syntheticus (Chamberlin, 1924); probably polyphyletic, type species probably introduced into USA from northern Africa.
In synonymy:
Synaphosus kris Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 = Synaphosus evertsi Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 (Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 242).
Synaphosus cangshanus Yang, Yang & Zhang, 2013 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:046475]
Synaphosus cangshanus Yang, Yang & Zhang, 2013: 7, f. 1-16 (Dmf).
Synaphosus daweiensis Yin, Bao & Peng, 2002 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:039008]
Synaphosus daweiensis Yin, Bao & Peng, 2002: 74, f. a-i (Dmf).
Synaphosus daweiensis Song, Zhu & Zhang, 2004: 229, f. 134A-E (mf).
Synaphosus daweiensis Yin et al., 2012: 1202, f. 641a-i (mf).
Synaphosus dubius Marusik & Omelko, 2018 | f | Thailand     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:049954]
Synaphosus dubius Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 246, f. 46-49, 51 (Df).
Synaphosus evertsi Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Ivory Coast, Indonesia (Bali), Philippines     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027980]
Synaphosus evertsi Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 12, f. 48-52 (Dmf).
Synaphosus kris Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001: 537, f. 924-928 (Dm) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037350].
Synaphosus evertsi Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 242, f. 16, 26-27, 42-45 (m, S of S. kris).
Synaphosus femininis Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 | m f | China, Laos, Indonesia (Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037349]
Synaphosus femininis Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001: 538, f. 929-930 (Df).
Synaphosus femininis Wang & Zhang, 2015: 438, f. 1-19 (f, Dm).
Synaphosus femininis Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 236, f. 1-13 (mf).
Synaphosus gracillimus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) | m f | Egypt, Israel     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027981]
Melanophora gracillima O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872a: 247, pl. 16, f. 28 (Dm).
Prosthesima gracillima Simon, 1878a: 99.
Synaphosus gracillimus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 18, f. 53-57 (Tmf from Zelotes).
Synaphosus intricatus (Denis, 1947) | m f | Algeria, Egypt     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027982]
Zelotes intricatus Denis, 1947a: 61, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).
Synaphosus intricatus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 21, f. 72-76 (Tf from Zelotes, Dm).
Synaphosus iunctus Sankaran & Sebastian, 2018 | f | India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050422]
Synaphosus iunctus Sankaran & Sebastian, 2018d: 1737, f. 1b, 3a-b (Df).
Synaphosus jaegeri Marusik & Omelko, 2018 | m f | Laos     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:049952]
Synaphosus jaegeri Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 239, f. 14-15, 17-25, 32-34 (Dmf).
Synaphosus kakamega Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Kenya     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027983]
Synaphosus kakamega Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 26, f. 86-90 (Dmf).
Synaphosus karakumensis Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m | Turkmenistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027984]
Synaphosus karakumensis Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 14, f. 35-37 (Dm).
Synaphosus khashm Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | f | Saudi Arabia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027985]
Synaphosus khashm Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 24, f. 84-85 (Df).
Synaphosus lehtineni Marusik & Omelko, 2018 | m f | Indonesia (Sulawesi)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:049953]
Synaphosus lehtineni Marusik & Omelko, 2018a: 246, f. 28-31, 35-41, 50, 52-53 (Dmf).
Synaphosus makhambetensis Ponomarev, 2008 | f | Kazakhstan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:041588]
Synaphosus makhambetensis Ponomarev, 2008a: 58, f. 30 (Df).
Synaphosus makhambetensis Kovblyuk et al., 2016: 42, f. 96-97 (f).
Synaphosus makhambetensis Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 437, f. 6, 34 (f).
Synaphosus minimus (Caporiacco, 1936) | m f | Libya, Egypt     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027986]
Zelotes minimus Caporiacco, 1936a: 114, f. 11 (Df).
Synaphosus minimus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 20, f. 67-71 (Tf from Zelotes, Dm).
Synaphosus mongolicus Marusik & Fomichev, 2016 | f | Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048801]
Synaphosus mongolicus Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 434, f. 2, 35 (Df).
Synaphosus nanus (O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872) | f | Israel     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027987]
Drassus nanus O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872a: 237, pl. 15, f. 15 (Df).
Synaphosus nanus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 11, f. 38-39 (Tf from Drassodes).
Synaphosus neali Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Iran, Pakistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027988]
Synaphosus neali Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 21, f. 77-81 (Dmf).
Synaphosus ovtsharenkoi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016 | m f | Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048799]
Synaphosus ovtsharenkoi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 430, f. 1a-b, 7-18, 22-24 (Dmf).
Synaphosus palearcticus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Greece, Turkey to Central Asia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027989]
Synaphosus palearcticus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 6, f. 3-5, 21-29 (Dmf).
Synaphosus palearcticus Chatzaki, Thaler & Mylonas, 2002b: 621, f. 50-52, 57-58 (mf).
Synaphosus palearcticus Namaghi et al., 2016: 19, f. 1d, 2g-h (m).
Synaphosus palearcticus Kovblyuk et al., 2016: 41, f. 94-95 (f).
Synaphosus palearcticus Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 437, f. 4, 28-30, 36-42 (mf).
Synaphosus paludis (Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1940) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027990]
Litopyllus paludis Chamberlin & Gertsch, 1940: 4, f. 22-23 (Dmf).
Synaphosus paludis Platnick & Shadab, 1980a: 24, f. 44-48 (Tm from Litopyllus, Df).
Synaphosus paludis Heiss & Allen, 1986: 59, f. 97-98 (mf).
Synaphosus paludis Breene et al., 1993: 89, f. 113A-C (mf).
Synaphosus raveni Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001 | m | Thailand     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037351]
Synaphosus raveni Deeleman-Reinhold, 2001: 540, f. 931-933 (Dm).
Synaphosus saidovi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016 | f | Tajikistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048802]
Synaphosus saidovi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 436, f. 5, 25-27 (Df).
Synaphosus sauvage Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Spain, France, Switzerland, Italy     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027991]
Synaphosus sauvage Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 9, f. 30-34 (Dmf).
Synaphosus sauvage Trotta, 2005: 166, f. 293-294 (mf).
Synaphosus sauvage Murphy, 2007: 50, f. 378-379 (mf).
Synaphosus sauvage Cárdenas & Barrientos, 2011: 109, f. 4-7 (m).
Synaphosus shirin Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Cyprus, Iran     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027992]
Synaphosus shirin Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 23, f. 82-83 (Df).
Synaphosus shirin Chatzaki & Russell-Smith, 2017: 248, f. 29-34 (Dmf).
Synaphosus shmakovi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016 | f | Mongolia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048800]
Synaphosus shmakovi Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 433, f. 3, 19, 21 (Df).
Synaphosus soyunovi Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m | Turkmenistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027993]
Synaphosus soyunovi Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 15, f. 40-42 (Dm).
Synaphosus syntheticus (Chamberlin, 1924) * | m f | Lybia, Egypt, Israel, Saudi Arabia. Introduced to USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027994]
Nodocion syntheticus Chamberlin, 1924b: 614, f. 50-51 (Dmf).
Zelotes syntheticus Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 8 (Tmf from Nodocion).
Synaphosus syntheticus Platnick & Shadab, 1980a: 23, f. 40-43 (Tmf from Zelotes).
Synaphosus syntheticus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 5, f. 1-2, 12-20 (mf).
Synaphosus taukum Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | f | Kazakhstan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027995]
Synaphosus taukum Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 11, f. 43-44 (Df).
Synaphosus trichopus (Roewer, 1928) | m f | Greece, Crete     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:028419]
Zelotes trichopus Roewer, 1928b: 110, pl. 1, f. 15 (Df).
Synaphosus trichopus Chatzaki, Thaler & Mylonas, 2002b: 623, f. 53-54, 59-60 (Tf from Zelotes, Dm).
Synaphosus turanicus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m f | Central Asia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027996]
Synaphosus turanicus Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 18, f. 6, 58-66 (Dmf).
Synaphosus turanicus Marusik & Fomichev, 2016b: 438, f. 31-33, 43-50 (mf).
Synaphosus yatenga Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994 | m | Burkina Faso     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027997]
Synaphosus yatenga Ovtsharenko, Levy & Platnick, 1994: 16, f. 45-47 (Dm).
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