Family: Araneidae Clerck,1757 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0102] Detail
In synonymy:
Cyphepeira Archer, 1951 = Nuctenea Simon, 1864 (Levi, 1974b: 300)
Gen. Nuctenea Simon, 1864 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:01532] Detail
type Araneus umbraticus Clerck, 1757; gender feminine
N.B.: removed from the synonymy of Araneus Clerck, 1757 and considered a senior synonym of Cyphepeira Archer, 1951c: 4, type Araneus silvicultrix (C. L. Koch, 1844), described as a subgenus of Epeira=Araneus, by Levi, 1974b: 300.
Transferred to other genera:
Nuctenea cornuta (Clerck, 1757) -- see Larinioides
Nuctenea ixobola (Thorell, 1873) -- see Larinioides
Nuctenea patagiata (Clerck, 1757) -- see Larinioides
Nuctenea sclopetaria (Clerck, 1757) -- see Larinioides
In synonymy:
Nuctenea sexpunctata (Linnaeus, 1757, T from Araneus) = Nuctenea umbratica (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
Nuctenea umbratica obscura (Franganillo, 1909) = Nuctenea umbratica (Clerck, 1757) (Breitling et al., 2016b: 54).
Nomen dubium:
Nuctenea umbratica nigricans (Franganillo, 1909: 189, originally in Epeira, f, Portugal) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:016785] -- Breitling et al., 2016b: 54.
Nuctenea cedrorum (Simon, 1929) | f | Algeria     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:016782]
Araneus cedrorum Simon, 1929: 687 (Df).
Nuctenea cedrorum Grasshoff, 1983: 227 (Tf from Araneus).
Nuctenea silvicultrix (C. L. Koch, 1835) | m f | Europe, Russia (Europe to Far East), Kazakhstan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:016783]
Epeira silvicultrix C. L. Koch, 1835: 131, pl. 21-22 (Dmf).
Epeira silvicultrix C. L. Koch, 1844: 131, f. 932-933 (mf).
Epeira silvicultrix Bösenberg, 1901: 36, pl. 2, f. 23 (mf).
Araneus silvicultrix Fedotov, 1912a: 87, f. 32 (f).
Araneus silvicultrix Simon, 1929: 687.
Aranea silvicultrix Wiehle, 1931: 96, f. 142-145 (mf).
Aranea silvicultrix Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 29 (mf).
Epeira (Cyphepeira) silvicultrix Archer, 1951c: 4.
Araneus silvicultrix Beer, 1964: 528, f. 9 (f).
Aranea silvicultrix Zamaraev, 1964: 362, f. 97-99 (mf).
Araneus silvicultor Tystshenko, 1971: 200, f. 598, 602 (f).
Araneus silvicultrix Miller, 1971: 213, pl. XL, f. 17 (f).
Araneus silvicultrix Palmgren, 1974a: 28, f. 9g, 12a-d (mf).
Nuctenea silvicultrix Levi, 1974b: 306, f. 50-57, 60, 106 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus silvicultor Izmailova, 1989: 58, f. 42 (f).
Nuctenea silvicultrix Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 88, f. 200 (mf).
Nuctenea silvicultrix Roberts, 1995: 320, f. (mf).
Nuctenea silvicultrix Roberts, 1998: 334, f. (mf).
Nuctenea silvicultrix Almquist, 2005: 174, f. 179a-e (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica (Clerck, 1757) * | m f | Europe to Azerbaijan, Iran     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:016784]
Araneus umbraticus Clerck, 1757: 31, pl. 1, f. 7 (Df).
Aranea sexpunctata Linnaeus, 1758: 622 (D).
Aranea swammerdamii Scopoli, 1763: 393 (D).
Aranea sexpunctata Fabricius, 1775: 436 (D).
Aranea cicatricosa De Geer, 1778: 225, pl. 12, f. 19 (Df).
Epeira umbraticola Martini & Goeze, 1778: 44, pl. 9, f. 9 (Df).
Aranea impressa Fabricius, 1779: 359 (Df).
Aranea cicatricosa Olivier, 1789: 200 (D).
Aranea sexpunctata Olivier, 1789: 231 (D).
Aranea umbratica Villers, 1789: 129.
Aranea umbraticola Latreille, 1804a: 359.
Aranea litterata Panzer, 1804b: 53, pl. 37, f. 11 (Df).
Epeira umbratica Walckenaer, 1805: 61.
Epeira umbratica Audouin, 1826: 345, pl. 3, f. 3 (Dm).
Epeira umbraticola Dufour, 1831: 366, pl. 11, f. 3 (f).
Epeira umbratica Hahn, 1834: 24, f. 112 (mf).
Epeira umbratica C. L. Koch, 1844: 128, f. 930-931 (mf).
Epeira cinerea C. L. Koch, 1844: 131 (D).
Epeira thomisoides Dufour, 1855: 8, pl. 5, f. 3-8 (Df).
Epeira umbratica Blackwall, 1864a: 333, pl. 24, f. 241 (mf).
Epeira umbratica Menge, 1866: 55, pl. 6, f. 6 (f, not m).
Epeira umbratica Thorell, 1870a: 14.
Epeira umbratica Hansen, 1882: 19, pl. 1, f. 33 (mf).
Epeira umbratica Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 132, pl. 5, f. 11 (mf).
Epeira umbratica Becker, 1896: (2): 30, pl. 8, f. 1 (mf).
Epeira umbratica Bösenberg, 1901: 33, pl. 2, f. 18 (mf).
Epeira umbratica obscura Franganillo, 1909: 188 (Df).
Epeira umbratica obscura Franganillo, 1910: 13 (f).
Araneus umbraticus Lessert, 1910b: 327.
Araneus umbraticus Simon, 1929: 686, 760, f. 1049 (mf).
Aranea umbratica Reimoser, 1929c: 85, f. 2 (mf).
Aranea sexpunctata Wiehle, 1931: 93, f. 138-141 (mf).
Aranea sexpunctata Drensky, 1943: 243, f. 29 (mf).
Chinestela umbratica Archer, 1951c: 2, f. 2 (Tmf from Araneus).
Araneus umbraticus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 139, f. 92A-B (mf).
Cathaistela umbratica Archer, 1958: 17 (Tmf from Chinestela).
Araneus umbraticus Beer, 1964: 529, f. 10 (f).
Aranea umbratica Zamaraev, 1964: 362, f. 100-102 (mf).
Araneus umbraticus Tystshenko, 1971: 198, f. 583, 601 (mf).
Araneus umbraticus Miller, 1971: 214, pl. XL, f. 16 (f).
Araneus umbraticus Loksa, 1972: 93, f. 82D, 84B, 85 (mf).
Araneus umbraticus Palmgren, 1974a: 28, f. 9h, 12e-h (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Levi, 1974b: 302, f. 43-49, 58-59, 93, 99, 105 (Tmf from Cathaistela).
Nuctenea umbratica Punda, 1975b: 44, f. 82-83 (f).
Nuctenea umbratica Haupt, 1983: 276, f. 1a (m).
Nuctenea umbratica Roberts, 1985: 212, f. 95d (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 88, f. 199 (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Roberts, 1995: 320, f. (mf).
Araneus umbraticus Mcheidze, 1997: 277, f. 630-632 (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Roberts, 1998: 333, f. (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Almquist, 2005: 175, f. 180a-i (mf).
Nuctenea umbratica Breitling et al., 2016b: 54 (S of Nuctenea umbratica obscura).
Nuctenea umbratica Dentici & Amata, 2018: 272, f. 1-2 (f).
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