Family: Eresidae C. L. Koch,1845 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0096] Detail
Gen. Eresus Walckenaer, 1805 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:03330] Detail
Transferred to other genera:
Eresus algericus El-Hennawy, 2004 -- see Adonea
Eresus annulipes Lucas, 1857 -- see Loureedia
Eresus arenarius Kroneberg, 1875 -- see Stegodyphus
Eresus bicolor O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1869 -- see Stegodyphus
Eresus daliensis Yang & Hu, 2002 -- see Stegodyphus
Eresus depressus Tucker, 1920 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus echinatus Purcell, 1908 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus fumosus C. L. Koch, 1837 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus inornatus Pocock, 1898 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus jerbae El-Hennawy, 2005 -- see Loureedia
Eresus namaquensis Purcell, 1908 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus purcelli Tucker, 1920 -- see Gandanameno
Eresus semicanus Simon, 1908 -- see Loureedia
Eresus spenceri Pocock, 1900 -- see Gandanameno
In synonymy:
Eresus annulatus (Hahn, 1821, removed from S of E. cinnaberinus) = Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) (Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217).
Eresus lautus Simon, 1873 = Eresus solitarius Simon, 1873 (Lehtinen, 1967: 233).
Eresus purpuratus (Panzer, 1804, removed from S of E. cinnaberinus) = Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) (Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217).
Eresus tristis Kroneberg, 1875 = Eresus kollari Rossi, 1846 (Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734, sub E. niger).
Nomina dubia:
Eresus albomarginatus Lucas, 1864: 29 (m, Senegal) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 34.
Eresus ater Walckenaer, 1805: 21, pl. 3, f. 25-26 (m, Italy) -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus cinnaberinus (Olivier, 1789: 221, originally in Aranea, placed in Erythrophorus by C. L. Koch, 1850: 71, m, Italy) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005833] * -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus dubius (Walckenaer, 1837: 392, m, Italy, originally in Chersis) -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus illustris C. L. Koch, 1837a: 105, f. 317 (m, possibly Hungary) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005837] -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus moniligerus (Villers, 1789: 128, pl. 11, f. 8, f, France, originally in Aranea) -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus niger (Petagna, 1787: 34, 1792: 437, m, Italy, originally in Aranea) -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus petagnae Audouin, 1826: 374, pl. 4, f. 11 (f, Egypt, Syria) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 33.
Eresus pulchellus Lucas, 1864: 29 (f, Egypt) -- El-Hennawy, 2004b: 33.
Eresus quatuorguttatus (Rossi, 1790: 135, pl. 1, f. 8-9, m, Italy, originally in Aranea, placed in Erythrophorus by C. L. Koch, 1850: 71) -- Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 270.
Eresus albopictus Simon, 1873 | m f | Morocco, Algeria     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005801]
Eresus albopictus Simon, 1873d: 352, pl. 10, f. 12 (Df).
Eresus lucasi Simon, 1873d: 353, pl. 10, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
Dorceus albopictus Lehtinen, 1967: 231 (Tmf from Eresus).
Eresus albopictus El-Hennawy, 2002: 70 (rejected T).
Eresus albopictus El-Hennawy, 2016b: 108, f. 1-5 (f).
Eresus bifasciatus Ermolajev, 1937 | m | Russia (South Siberia)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005834]
Eresus niger bifasciatus Ermolajev, 1937b: 599, 606, f. 1 (Dm).
Eresus bifasciatus Azarkina & Trilikauskas, 2012: 205, f. 5-8, pl. I, f. 6 (elevated m to species).
Eresus crassitibialis Wunderlich, 1987 | m f | Canary Is.     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005840]
Eresus crassitibialis Wunderlich, 1987a: 103, f. 272-276 (Dmf).
Eresus granosus Simon, 1895 | m | Russia (West Siberia), China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005841]
Eresus granosus Simon, 1895c: 331 (Dm).
Eresus granosus Ermolajev, 1928b: 100, f. 3 (m).
Eresus hermani Kovács, Prazsák, Eichardt, Vári & Gyurkovics, 2015 | m f | Hungary     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:047611]
Eresus kollari Kovács, Szinetár & Török, 2010: 139, f. 1C-F, 2D (f, misidentified, per Kovács et al., 2015: 15).
Eresus hermani Kovács et al., 2015: 15, f. 1A-B, 3A-C, 4A-C, 5A-B, 6A-B, 7A (Dmf).
Eresus kollari Rossi, 1846 | m f | Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Central Asia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:041642]
Aranea cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1802: 249 (misidentified).
Aranea quatuorguttata Coquebert de Montbret, 1804: 122, pl. 27, f. 12 (m, misidentified).
Eresus cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1805: 21 (misidentified).
Eresus cinnaberinus Hahn, 1821: 1, pl. 5, f. A (m, misidentified).
Eresus quatuorguttatus Hahn, 1832: 45, f. 35 (f, misidentified).
Eresus cinnaberinus Walckenaer, 1837: 395 (f, misidentified).
Eresus 4-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 104, f. 316 (m, misidentified).
Eresus cinnaberinus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 106, f. 318 (m, misidentified).
Eresus kollari Rossi, 1846: 17 (Df).
Eresus guerinii Lucas, 1846: 133, pl. 4, f. 10 (Df).
Eresus fulvus Rossi, 1846: 17 (Dm; N.B.: possibly valid, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).
Erythrophorus 4-guttatus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
Erythrophorus cinnaberinus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
Chersis niger Canestrini & Pavesi, 1868: 812.
Eresus tristis Kroneberg, 1875: 44, pl. 4, f. 31 (Dm).
Eresus cinnaberinus Hansen, 1882: 50, pl. 3, f. 9.
Eresus niger Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 152, pl. 6, f. 22 (mf).
Eresus niger Simon, 1892a: 251, 254, f. 203-204, 209 (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Becker, 1896: (2): 2, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
Eresus niger Bösenberg, 1903: 411, pl. 39, f. 606 (mf).
Eresus niger Kulczyński, 1903b: 637, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (m).
Eresus niger typicus Simon, 1911b: 296.
Eresus niger Berland, 1913c: 39, f. 38-41.
Eresus niger Reimoser, 1931b: 59, f. 2 (mf).
Eresus niger Giltay, 1932: 11, f. 5 (m).
Eresus niger Nakatsudi, 1942b: 8, f. 1A-B (m).
Eresus niger Locket & Millidge, 1951: 50, f. 15A, 19 (mf).
Eresus niger Wiehle, 1953: 71, f. 155-161 (mf).
Eresus niger Namkung, 1964: 33, f. 5a-c (mf).
Eresus niger Braendegaard, 1966: 36, f. 20-22 (mf; N.B.: may be E. sandaliatus).
Eresus niger Lehtinen, 1967: 462, f. 467 (m).
Eresus niger Azheganova, 1968: 21, f. 24 (m).
Eresus niger Loksa, 1969: 20, f. 12, 13A-D (mf).
Eresus niger Miller, 1971: 55, pl. II, f. 8-9 (f).
Eresus niger Paik, 1978e: 179, f. 72.1-3 (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 11 (f).
Eresus niger Hu, 1984: 51, f. 47.1-4 (m).
Eresus niger Roberts, 1985: 46, f. 12b (mf).
Eresus niger Zhu & Shi, 1985: 52, f. 42a-c (m).
Eresus niger Nenilin & Pestova, 1986: 1734, f. 1-4, 7 (mf, S).
Eresus niger Song, 1987: 63, f. 29 (m).
Eresus niger Zhang, 1987: 47, f. 33.1-3 (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Wunderlich, 1987a: 103, f. 277-279 (f).
Eresus niger Feng, 1990: 31, f. 6.1-4 (mf).
Eresus niger Chen & Gao, 1990: 23, f. 25a-b (m).
Eresus niger Ergashev, 1990: 16, f. 1-10 (mf).
Eresus niger Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 52, f. 112 (mf).
Eresus nigel Zhao, 1993: 61, f. 23a-c (m).
Eresus niger Danilov, 1994: 200, f. 1 (m).
Eresus niger Wang, 1994d: 11, f. 1-3 (m).
Eresus tristis Wang, 1994d: 12, f. 4-6 (m).
Eresus cinnaberinus Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217, f. 1-2 (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Ratschker, 1995: 723, f. 1-2 (mf, possibly aberrant population).
Eresus cinnaberinus Melic, 1995b: 9, f. 2-9 (mf).
Eresus niger Mcheidze, 1997: 47, f. 24-28 (m).
Eresus cinnaberinus Bellmann, 1997: 38, f. (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Roberts, 1998: 80, f. (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 74, f. 11L, 31A-B (m).
Eresus tristis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 74, f. 31C-D (m).
Eresus cinnaberinus Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 79, f. 35A-D (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Namkung, 2002: 62, f. 9.1a-b (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Namkung, 2003: 64, f. 9.1a-b (mf).
Eresus cinnaberinus Marusik, Guseinov & Aliev, 2005: 138, f. 9 (f).
Eresus kollari Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 267, f. 1A-C, 2A-J, R, 3A-J, R, 4A, D, G, J, 5A, D (mf, considered the earliest identifiable name for the widespread species of this genus).
Eresus kollari Kovács, Szinetár & Török, 2010: 139, f. 2B, F (mf; not f. 1C-F, 2D =E. hermani).
Eresus niger Le Peru, 2011: 320, f. 554 (mf).
Eresus kollari Lecigne, 2011: 15, f. pp. 15-16 (f).
Eresus kollari Miller et al., 2012: 61, f. 2B, 9A-D, 13A-C, 16H, K, 43A-J, 44A-F, 45E-F, 46A-F (m; not f. 2A =E. hermani).
Eresus cinnaberinus Azarkina & Trilikauskas, 2012: 207, f. 9-12, pl. I, f. 7 (m).
Eresus kollari Kovács et al., 2015: 14, f. 1E-F, 3G-I, 4G-I, 5E-F, 7C (mf).
Eresus kollari Krejčí, Řezáč & Michalik, 2015: 184, f. 1A, 4 (f).
Eresus kollari Pérez-Zarcos & Sánchez-Piñero, 2016: 350, f. 1a-c (f).
Eresus kollari frontalis Latreille, 1819 | f | Spain     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005835]
Eresus niger frontalis Latreille, 1819: 393 (D).
Eresus imperialis Dufour, 1820a: 357, pl. 69, f. 2 (Df).
Eresus frontalis Walckenaer, 1837: 396 (Df).
Eresus frontalis Bacelar, 1936: 180, f. 1 (Df; N.B.: this "subspecies" name has priority over E. kollari).
Eresus kollari ignicomis Simon, 1914 | f | France (Corsica)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005836]
Eresus ruficapillus Simon, 1873d: 351, pl. 10, f. 13 (f, misidentified).
Eresus niger ignicomis Simon, 1914: 70, 71 (Df; N.B.: probably a valid species, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).
Eresus kollari ignicomis Canard & Cruveillier, 2016: 44 (correction from ignicomus to ignicomis).
Eresus kollari latefasciatus Simon, 1911 | m | Algeria     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005838]
Eresus niger latefasciatus Simon, 1911b: 297 (Dm).
Eresus kollari tricolor Simon, 1873 | f | France (Corsica)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005839]
Eresus tricolor Simon, 1873d: 348, pl. 10, f. 10-11 (Df; N.B.: probably a valid species, per Rezác, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 275).
Eresus niger tricolor Simon, 1914: 69.
Eresus lavrosiae Mcheidze, 1997 | m | Georgia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005842]
Eresus lavrosiae Mcheidze, 1997: 48, f. 29 (Dm).
Eresus moravicus Řezáč, 2008 | m f | Austria, Hungary, Czech Rep., Slovakia, Albania     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:041643]
Eresus ruficapillus Herman, 1879: 293 (m, misidentified).
Eresus cinnaberinus Thaler & Knoflach, 2002b: 425, f. 19-22 (m, misidentified).
Eresus moravicus Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 274, f. 2K-Q, 3K-Q, 4B, E, H, K, 5B, E (Dmf).
Eresus moravicus Kovács, Szinetár & Török, 2010: 139, f. 1A-B, 2A, C, E (mf).
Eresus moravicus Le Peru, 2011: 319, f. 553 (f).
Eresus moravicus Kovács et al., 2015: 14, f. 1C-D, 3D-F, 4D-F, 5C-D, 7B (mf).
Eresus pharaonis Walckenaer, 1837 | f | Egypt     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005844]
Eresus pharaonis Walckenaer, 1837: 396 (Df).
Erythrophora pharaonis Simon, 1864: 3.
Eresus pharaonis El-Hennawy, 2004b: 26, f. 1A-E (f).
Eresus robustus Franganillo, 1918 | f | Spain     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005846]
Eresus robustus Franganillo, 1918b: 122 (Df).
Eresus robustus Breitling et al., 2016b: 53 (species inquirenda).
Eresus rotundiceps Simon, 1873 | m | Ukraine, Turkmenistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005847]
Eresus rotundiceps Simon, 1873d: 344 (Dm).
Eresus ruficapillus C. L. Koch, 1846 | f | Italy (Sicily)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005848]
Eresus ruficapillus C. L. Koch, 1846: 4, f. 1080 (Df).
Eresus sandaliatus (Martini & Goeze, 1778) | m f | Europe     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005849]
Aranea sandaliata Martini & Goeze, in Martini & Goeze, 1778: 287 (D).
Aranea purpurata Panzer, 1804b: 47, pl. 32, f. 20 (Dm).
Eresus annulatus Hahn, 1821: 1, pl. B, f. 5 (Dm).
Eresus annulatus Hahn, 1832: 47, f. 36 (Df).
Eresus annulatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 14, f. 1087 (m).
Erythrophorus annulatus C. L. Koch, 1850: 71.
Eresus cinnaberinus Blackwall, 1861a: 46, pl. 3, f. 23 (mf, misidentified).
Eresus sandaliatus Ratschker & Bellmann, 1995: 217, f. 3-4 (mf, formerly treated as senior S of E. cinnaberinus but suppressed for lack of usage, now considered a separate species, S).
Eresus sandaliatus Bellmann, 1997: 40, f. (mf).
Eresus sandaliatus Roberts, 1998: 80, f. (mf).
Eresus sandaliatus Almquist, 2005: 41, f. 73a-c (m).
Eresus sandaliatus Topçu, Demir & Seyyar, 2005: 115, f. 4 (f).
Eresus sandaliatus Řezáč, Pekár & Johannesen, 2008: 276, f. 2S-AA, 3S-AA, 4C, F, I, L, 5C, F (mf).
Eresus sandaliatus Le Peru, 2011: 320, f. 558 (mf).
Eresus sandaliatus Miller et al., 2012: 62, f. 16I, L, 45A-D (f).
Eresus sandaliatus Kovács et al., 2015: 14, f. 1G-H, 3J-L, 4J-L, 5G-H, 7D (mf).
Eresus sandaliatus Schendel et al., 2018: 241, f. 3U-X (f).
Eresus sedilloti Simon, 1881 | m | Portugal, Spain     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005850]
Eresus sedilloti Simon, 1881c: 133 (Dm).
Eresus sedilloti Bacelar, 1936: 181, f. 2-3 (m).
Eresus sedilloti Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 559 (m).
Eresus solitarius Simon, 1873 | m | Mediterranean     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005852]
Eresus solitarius Simon, 1873a: 154 (Dm).
Eresus lautus Simon, 1873a: 156 (Dm).
Eresus solitarius Bacelar, 1936: 182, f. 4 (m).
Eresus solitarius Lehtinen, 1967: 233 (S of Eresus lautus).
Eresus solitarius Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 560 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Brullé, 1832 | m f | Mediterranean     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005853]
Eresus walckenaer Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 4 (Df).
Eresus audouin Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 10 (Dm).
Eresus theis Brullé, 1832: 54, pl. 28, f. 11 (Df).
Eresus ctenizoides C. L. Koch, 1836a: 19, f. 176 (Df).
Eresus luridus C. L. Koch, 1836a: 20, f. 177 (Df).
Eresus walckenaeri Walckenaer, 1837: 398 (Dm).
Eresus puniceus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 102, f. 315 (Dm).
Eresus pruinosus C. L. Koch, 1846: 3, f. 1079 (Df).
Eresus siculus Lucas, 1864: 28 (Df).
Erythrophora punicea Simon, 1864: 300.
Eresus puniceus Simon, 1873d: 345 (Df).
Eresus walckenaeri Simon, 1892a: 248, f. 201 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Kulczyński, 1903b: 636, pl. 1, f. 2 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Giltay, 1932: 12, f. 6 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 10 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Le Peru, 2011: 321, f. 561 (m).
Eresus walckenaeri Miller et al., 2012: 57, f. 2C-E, 4C, 12J-L, 16G, J, 40A-J, 41A-F, 42A-F (mf).
Eresus walckenaeri moerens C. L. Koch, 1846 | f | Afghanistan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:005854]
Eresus moerens C. L. Koch, 1846: 1, f. 1078 (Df).
Eresus walckenaeri moerens Roewer, 1962b: 13, f. 8 (f, removed from S, placed as subspecies).
up