Family: Ctenizidae Thorell,1887 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0069] Detail
N.B.: Family probably polyphyletic (placement of the genus Stasimopus problematic) and Halonoproctidae recircumscribed and splitted from Ctenizidae (Godwin et al., 2018: 307); family redelimited (to the genera Cteniza and Cyrtocarenum) and Stasimopus transferred to Stasimopidae by Opatova et al., 2020: 698, 699.
Transferred to other families:
Acattyma L. Koch, 1878 -- see Antrodiaetidae
Acontius Karsch, 1879 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Actinopus Perty, 1833 -- see Actinopodidae
Actinoxia Simon, 1890 -- see Euctenizidae
Aganippe O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1877 -- see Idiopidae
Albaniana Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918 -- see Idiopidae
Aliatypus Smith, 1908 -- see Antrodiaetidae
Amblyocarenum Simon, 1892 -- see Nemesiidae
Ancylotrypa Simon, 1889 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Anemesia Pocock, 1895 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Anidiops Pocock, 1897 -- see Idiopidae
Antrochares Rainbow, 1898 -- see Dipluridae
Antrodiaetus Ausserer, 1871 -- see Antrodiaetidae
Aporoptychus Simon, 1886 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Aptostichus Simon, 1891 -- see Euctenizidae
Arbanitis L. Koch, 1874 -- see Idiopidae
Armadalia Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918 -- see Idiopidae
Astrosoga Chamberlin, 1940 -- see Euctenizidae
Atmetochilus Simon, 1887 -- see Bemmeridae
Atypoides O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1883 -- see Antrodiaetidae
Bancroftiana Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918 -- see Idiopidae
Bemmeris Simon, 1903 -- see Bemmeridae
Bessia Pocock, 1900 -- see Bemmeridae
Blakistonia Hogg, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Bolostromoides Schiapelli & Gerschman, 1945 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Bolostromus Ausserer, 1875 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Bothriocyrtum Simon, 1891 -- see Halonoproctidae
Brachybothrium Simon, 1884 -- see Antrodiaetidae
Calisoga Chamberlin, 1937 -- see Nemesiidae
Cantuaria Hogg, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Cantuarides Strand, 1907 -- see Idiopidae
Cataxia Rainbow, 1914 -- see Idiopidae
Chaco Tullgren, 1905 -- see Nemesiidae
Clitotrema Simon, 1904 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Closterochilus Ausserer, 1871 -- see Actinopodidae
Conothele Thorell, 1878 -- see Halonoproctidae
Ctenochelus Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Pycnothelidae
Ctenolophus Purcell, 1904 -- see Idiopidae
Ctenonemus Simon, 1903 -- see Bemmeridae
Cyclocosmia Ausserer, 1871 -- see Halonoproctidae
Cyrtauchenius Thorell, 1869 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Damarchodes Simon, 1903 -- see Entypesidae
Damarchus Thorell, 1891 -- see Bemmeridae
Diadocyrtus Simon, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Dyarcyops Hogg, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Enrico O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1895 -- see Euctenizidae
Entychides Simon, 1888 -- see Euctenizidae
Eucteniza Ausserer, 1875 -- see Euctenizidae
Eucyrtops Pocock, 1897 -- see Idiopidae
Euoplos Rainbow, 1914 -- see Idiopidae
Gaius Rainbow, 1914 -- see Idiopidae
Galeosoma Purcell, 1903 -- see Idiopidae
Genysa Simon, 1889 -- see Idiopidae
Genysochoera Simon, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Gorgyrella Purcell, 1902 -- see Idiopidae
Hebestatis Simon, 1903 -- see Halonoproctidae
Heligmomerus Simon, 1892 -- see Idiopidae
Hermacha Simon, 1889 -- see Entypesidae
Hermachola Hewitt, 1915 -- see Entypesidae
Hermachura Mello-Leitão, 1923 -- see Nemesiidae
Hermeas Karsch, 1878 -- see Idiopidae
Hermorhachias Mello-Leitão, 1941 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Hiboka Fage, 1922 -- see Idiopidae
Homostola Simon, 1892 -- see Bemmeridae
Idiops Perty, 1833 -- see Idiopidae
Idiosoma Ausserer, 1871 -- see Idiopidae
Juambeltzia Mello-Leitão, 1946 -- see Idiopidae
Korua Todd, 1945 -- see Idiopidae
Latouchia Pocock, 1901 -- see Halonoproctidae
Lepthercus Purcell, 1902 -- see Entypesidae
Megalosara Rainbow, 1914 -- see Idiopidae
Misgolas Karsch, 1878 -- see Idiopidae
Missulena Walckenaer, 1805 -- see Actinopodidae
Myrmekiaphila Atkinson, 1886 -- see Euctenizidae
Nemesia Audouin, 1826 -- see Nemesiidae
Nemesiellus Pocock, 1900 -- see Idiopidae
Nemesiothele Dalmas, 1920 -- see Nemesiidae
Nemesoides Chamberlin, 1920 -- see Euctenizidae
Neocteniza Pocock, 1895 -- see Idiopidae
Neohomogona Main, 1985 -- see Idiopidae
Parapselligmus Piza, 1939 -- see Nemesiidae
Paromostola Purcell, 1903 -- see Bemmeridae
Pelmatorycter Pocock, 1902 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Petropolisia Mello-Leitão, 1920 -- see Nemesiidae
Phaeoclita Simon, 1889 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Pionothele Purcell, 1902 -- see Pycnothelidae
Promyrmekiaphila Schenkel, 1950 -- see Euctenizidae
Prorachias Mello-Leitão, 1924 -- see Nemesiidae
Proshermacha Simon, 1908 -- see Anamidae
Pselligmus Simon, 1892 -- see Nemesiidae
Pseudidiops Simon, 1889 -- see Idiopidae
Pseudohermacha Strand, 1907 -- see Entypesidae
Pseudohermachura Mello-Leitão, 1927 -- see Dipluridae
Pseudonemesia Caporiacco, 1955 -- see Microstigmatidae
Rachias Simon, 1892 -- see Nemesiidae
Rhytidicolus Simon, 1889 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Scalidognathus Karsch, 1892 -- see Idiopidae
Segregara Tucker, 1917 -- see Idiopidae
Spelocteniza Gertsch, 1982 -- see Microstigmatidae
Spiroctenus Simon, 1889 -- see Bemmeridae
Stasimopella Roewer, 1953 -- see Cyrtaucheniidae
Stasimopus Simon, 1892 -- see Stasimopidae
Stenoterommata Holmberg, 1881 -- see Pycnothelidae
Stictogaster Purcell, 1902 -- see Bemmeridae
Tambouriniana Rainbow & Pulleine, 1918 -- see Idiopidae
Ummidia Thorell, 1875 -- see Halonoproctidae
In synonymy:
Aepycephalus Ausserer, 1871 = Cteniza Latreille, 1829 (Wunderlich, 1995a: 358)
Sterrhochrotus Simon, 1892 = Cteniza Latreille, 1829 (Raven, 1985a: 159, see note under Latouchia)
Nomen nudum:
Kishinouyeus Kishida, 1927 -- Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 110.
Gen. Cteniza Latreille, 1829 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00065] Detail
type Aranea sauvagesi Rossi, 1788; gender feminine
N.B.: considered a senior synonym of Sterrhochrotus Simon, 1892 by Raven, 1985a: 159 (but see under Latouchia below and Zonstein, 1985: 157), and of Aepycephalus Ausserer, 1871 by Wunderlich, 1995a: 358.
Transferred to other genera:
Cteniza ferghanensis Kroneberg, 1875 -- see Ummidia
In synonymy:
Cteniza brevidens (Doleschall, 1871) = Cteniza sauvagesi (Rossi, 1788) (Decae et al., 2019: 505).
Nomina dubia:
Cteniza solitaria (Risso, 1826: 159) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1596, Bonnet, 1956: 1266.
Cteniza spinosa Blackwall, 1833: 442 -- Roewer, 1955c: 1452.
Cteniza genevieveae Canard, 2018 | f | France (Corsica)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050593]
Cteniza genevieveae Canard, 2018: 35, f. 2, 3A, 4A, 5A (Df).
Cteniza genevieveae Decae et al., 2019: 500 (possible local variation of another species of Cteniza).
Cteniza moggridgei O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1874 | m f | France, Italy     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000536]
Cteniza fodiens O. Pickard-Cambridge, in Moggridge, 1873: 89, pl. 7 (f, misidentified per Decae et al., 2019: 514).
Cteniza moggridgei O. Pickard-Cambridge, in Moggridge, 1874: 254, pl. 20, f. A (Dmf).
Cteniza moggridgei Simon, 1914: 4, 5, 19 (mf).
Cteniza moggridgei Buchli, 1968: 1, f. 14-27 (mf).
Cteniza moggridgei Trotta, 2005: 149, f. 30 (m).
Cteniza moggridgei Le Peru, 2011: 71, f. 31 (mf).
Cteniza moggridgei Canard, 2018: 31, f. 3B, 4B, 5B (f).
Cteniza moggridgei Decae et al., 2019: 514, f. 2, 21, 25, 29, 33, 35, 38-39, 44, 47-48, 66-69 (mf).
Cteniza sauvagesi (Rossi, 1788) * | m f | France (Corsica), Italy     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000537]
Aranea sauvagii Rossi, 1788: 141 (D; N.B.: for the spelling sauvagesi see Bonnet, 1956: 1266 and ICZN article 33.3.1).
Aranea sauvagii Rossi, 1790: 138, pl. 2, f. 11 (D).
Aranea sauvagesii Latreille, 1799a: 125, pl. 6, f. 2A-D.
Mygale sauvagesi Latreille, 1804a: 165, pl. 63, f. 7-10 (mf).
Mygale sauvagesi Dufour, 1820b: 102, pl. 73, f. 3.
Mygale fodiens Walckenaer, 1826: 4, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (D).
Mygale fodiens Walckenaer, 1837: 237 (D).
Nemesia fodiens Carruccio, 1871: 55, pl. 1-3 (mf).
Aepycephalus brevidens Doleschall, in Ausserer, 1871a: 151 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000534].
Cteniza sauvagesi Ausserer, 1871a: 152.
Cteniza sauvagesi Simon, 1873a: 34, pl. 1, f. 1, 5 (f).
Cteniza sauvagesi Simon, 1892a: 95, f. 92-93.
Cteniza sauvagesi Le Peru, 2011: 72, f. 32 (m).
Cteniza sauvagesi Canard, 2018: 31, f. 3C, 4C, 5C (f).
Cteniza sauvagesi Decae et al., 2019: 505, f. 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 22, 26, 30, 34, 36-37, 40-43, 45-46, 49-65 (mf, S of Cteniza brevidens).
Gen. Cyrtocarenum Ausserer, 1871 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00067] Detail
type Mygale ariana Walckenaer, 1837; gender neuter; syn. of Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811)
In synonymy:
Cyrtocarenum hellenum Ausserer, 1871 = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Decae, 1996: 164).
Cyrtocarenum ionicum (Saunders, 1842) = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Decae, 1996: 164).
Cyrtocarenum lapidarium (Lucas, 1853) = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Decae, 1996: 164).
Cyrtocarenum lapidarium mannii (Ausserer, 1871) = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Decae, 1996: 164).
Cyrtocarenum tigrinum (L. Koch, 1867, removed from S of C. cunicularium) = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Hadjissarantos, 1940: 19).
Cyrtocarenum werneri Kulczyński, 1903 = Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) (Decae, 1996: 164).
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811) * | m f | Greece (incl. Crete, Rhodes), Turkey     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000542]
Mygale cunicularia Olivier, 1811: 86 (Df).
Mygale ariana Walckenaer, 1837: 239 (D).
Mygale ionica Saunders, 1842: 160, pl. 9, f. 1-14 (Df).
Cyrtocephalus lapidarius Lucas, 1853: 515, pl. 16, f. 2 (D).
Cteniza tigrina L. Koch, 1867c: 882 (Dm).
Cyrtauchenius lapidarius Thorell, 1870b: 165.
Cyrtauchenius corcyraeus Thorell, 1870b: 166 (Df).
Cteniza orientalis Ausserer, 1871a: 154 (Df).
Cteniza orientalis mannii Ausserer, 1871a: 155 (Df).
Cyrtocarenum arianum Ausserer, 1871a: 157 (Df).
Cyrtocarenum tigrinum Ausserer, 1871a: 158.
Cyrtocarenum hellenum Ausserer, 1871a: 159 (Dj).
Cyrtocarenum lapidarium Ausserer, 1871a: 161.
Cteniza ionica O. Pickard-Cambridge, in Moggridge, 1873: 91.
Cyrtocarenum ionicum Simon, 1884j: 346.
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium Simon, 1884j: 348.
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium Simon, 1892a: 96, f. 94.
Cyrtocarenum werneri Kulczyński, 1903b: 632 (Df).
Cyrtocarenum lapidarium Hadjissarantos, 1940: 19, f. 3-4 (Sm).
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium Decae, 1996: 164, f. 3, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22 (mf, S).
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium Le Peru, 2011: 72, f. 33 (mf).
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium Decae et al., 2019: 503, f. 16, 19, 23, 27, 31 (m).
Cyrtocarenum grajum (C. L. Koch, 1836) | m f | Greece     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000543]
Cteniza graja C. L. Koch, 1836a: 39, f. 194 (Df).
Cyrtocarenum grajum Simon, 1884j: 347.
Cyrtocarenum grajum Hadjissarantos, 1940: 17, f. 1-2 (Dm).
Cyrtocarenum grajum Decae, 1996: 166, f. 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23 (mf).
Cyrtocarenum grajum Le Peru, 2011: 72, f. 34 (mf).
Cyrtocarenum grajum Decae et al., 2019: 503, f. 7, 10, 13, 24, 28, 32 (m).
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