Taxon details


Eriophora ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2020-04-02
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:015886]
  • Distribution: USA to Brazil
  • External Resources *:
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB), Germany (database export of type material, March 2019); Epeira ravilla C. L. Koch, 1844, (1375)
Taxonomic references
Epeira ravilla C. L. Koch, 1844: 73, f. 890 (Df).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1885: 532, pl. 13, f. 31 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1888b: 198 (Df).
Epeira variolata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1889d: 46, pl. 6, f. 14 (Dmf).
Epeira bivariolata Keyserling, 1892: 100, pl. 5, f. 74 (m, using nomen dubium).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1893: 214, pl. 10, f. 159 (f).
Epeira minax O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1893b: 112, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1894: 155, pl. 4, f. 2 (f).
Epeira bivariolata McCook, 1894: 159, pl. 5, f. 5-6 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Epeira ravilla McCook, 1894: 161, pl. 5, f. 7 (f, Dm).
Eustala variolata Simon, 1898i: 873.
Eriophora variolata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464.
Eriophora minax F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 3 (f).
Epeira bivariolata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 1-2 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Eriophora ravilla F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1904: 465.
Aranea nicaraguensis F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
Eriophora balaustina Banks, 1909b: 161.
Aranea circulata Comstock, 1910: 177, f. 16-19 (m; cf. Levi, 1971b: 287).
Araneus balaustinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
Araneus minax Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
Araneus nicaraguensis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Araneus ravillus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Araneus variolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
Eriophora circulata Comstock, 1940: 117, 517, f. 108-111, 538 (m).
Eriophora nicaraguensis Mello-Leitão, 1948: 164 (Tf from Araneus).
Eriophora ravilla Levi, 1971b: 286, f. 7-24 (mf, S).
Eriophora ravilla Edwards, 1986: 1, f. 1-2 (m).
Eriophora ravilla Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 154A-D (mf).
Eriophora ravilla Cabra-García & Hormiga, 2020: 1017, f. 21E, 24C-D, 26D, 32B, 38A, 46C, 47D, 51C, 54D, 58B, 60C, 62C, 64C, 74A-F, 102B, 108A-F (mf).
References

Banks, N. (1909b). Arachnida of Cuba. Estación Central Agronómica de Cuba, Second Report. II: 150-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breene, R. G., Dean, D. A., Nyffeler, M. & Edwards, G. B. (1993). Biology, Predation Ecology, and Significance of Spiders in Texas Cotton Ecosystems with a Key to Species. Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, College Station, 115 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Cabra-García, J. & Hormiga, G. (2020). Exploring the impact of morphology, multiple sequence alignment and choice of optimality criteria in phylogenetic inference: a case study with the Neotropical orb-weaving spider genus Wagneriana (Araneae: Araneidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 188(4): 976-1151. doi:10.1093/zoolinnean/zlz088 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1940). The spider book, revised and edited by W. J. Gertsch. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, 727 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1910). The palpi of male spiders. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 3(3): 161-185. doi:10.1093/aesa/3.3.161 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Edwards, G. B. (1986). A tropical orb weaver, Eriophora ravilla (Araneae: Araneidae). Entomology Circulars, Florida Department of Agriculture 286: 1-2. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1885). Neue Spinnen aus America. VI. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 34: 489-534. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1892). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg 4, 1-208. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.64832 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1893). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg 4, 209-377. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.64832 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1844). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Elfter Band, pp. 1-174, pl. 361-396 (f. 850-959). [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.43744 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1971b). The ravilla group of the orbweaver genus Eriophora in North America (Araneae: Araneidae). Psyche, Cambridge 77(3): 280-302. doi:10.1155/1970/69275 download pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1888b). Descriptive notes of new American species of orbweaving spiders. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 40: 193-199. download pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1894). American spiders and their spinningwork. Philadelphia 3, 1-285. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de (1948). Contribuição ao conhecimento da fauna araneológica das Guianas. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 20: 151-196. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1911). A synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, etc. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 29: 1-791. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1889d). Arachnida. Araneida. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 1, 1-56. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1893b). Arachnida. Araneida. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 1, 105-120. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1903a). Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 2, 425-464. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1904). Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 2, 465-560. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1898i). On the spiders of the island of St Vincent. III. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 65(4, for 1897): 860-890. [published in April 1898, after Duncan, 1937] doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1898.tb01390.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

GBIF.org (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: https://www.gbif.org [1 September 2019]

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2020-04-02 New taxonomic reference entry Cabra-García & Hormiga, 2020 n/a
2019-06-10 New taxonomic reference entry Comstock, 1910 n/a
2015-11-20 New taxonomic reference entry Edwards, 1986 n/a