Taxon details


Eriophora ravilla (C. L. Koch, 1844)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2015-11-20
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:015886]
  • Distribution: USA to Brazil
Taxonomic references
Epeira ravilla C. L. Koch, 1844: 73, f. 890 (Df).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1885: 532, pl. 13, f. 31 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1888b: 198 (Df).
Epeira variolata O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1889d: 46, pl. 6, f. 14 (Dmf).
Epeira bivariolata Keyserling, 1892: 100, pl. 5, f. 74 (m, using nomen dubium).
Epeira nicaraguensis Keyserling, 1893: 214, pl. 10, f. 159 (f).
Epeira minax O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1893b: 112, pl. 15, f. 1 (Df).
Epeira balaustina McCook, 1894: 155, pl. 4, f. 2 (f).
Epeira bivariolata McCook, 1894: 159, pl. 5, f. 5-6 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Epeira ravilla McCook, 1894: 161, pl. 5, f. 7 (f, Dm).
Eustala variolata Simon, 1898i: 873.
Eriophora variolata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464.
Eriophora minax F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 3 (f).
Epeira bivariolata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1903a: 464, pl. 44, f. 1-2 (mf, using nomen dubium).
Eriophora ravilla F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1904: 465.
Aranea nicaraguensis F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1904: 519.
Eriophora balaustina Banks, 1909b: 161.
Araneus balaustinus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 281.
Araneus minax Petrunkevitch, 1911: 303.
Araneus nicaraguensis Petrunkevitch, 1911: 306.
Araneus ravillus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 312.
Araneus variolatus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 323.
Eriophora circulata Comstock, 1940: 117, 517, f. 108-111, 538 (m).
Eriophora nicaraguensis Mello-Leitão, 1948: 164 (Tf from Araneus).
Eriophora ravilla Levi, 1971b: 286, f. 7-24 (mf, S).
Eriophora ravilla Edwards, 1986: 1, f. 1-2 (m).
Eriophora ravilla Breene et al., 1993: 103, f. 154A-D (mf).
References

Banks, N. (1909b). Arachnida of Cuba. Estación Central Agronómica de Cuba, Second Report. II: 150-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breene, R. G., Dean, D. A., Nyffeler, M. & Edwards, G. B. (1993). Biology, Predation Ecology, and Significance of Spiders in Texas Cotton Ecosystems with a Key to Species. Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, College Station, 115 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1940). The spider book, revised and edited by W. J. Gertsch. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, xi + 727 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Edwards, G. B. (1986). A tropical orb weaver, Eriophora ravilla (Araneae: Araneidae). Entomology Circulars, Florida Department of Agriculture 286: 1-2. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1885). Neue Spinnen aus America. VI. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 34: 489-534. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1892). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Nürnberg 4, 1-208. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1893). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Nürnberg 4, 209-377. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1844). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Elfter Band, pp. 1-174. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1971b). The ravilla group of the orbweaver genus Eriophora in North America (Araneae: Araneidae). Psyche, Cambridge 77: 280-302. download pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1888b). Descriptive notes of new American species of orbweaving spiders. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1888: 193-199. download pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1894). American spiders and their spinningwork. Philadelphia 3, 1-285. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de (1948). Contribuição ao conhecimento da fauna araneológica das Guianas. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 20: 151-196. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1911). A synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, etc. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 29: 1-791. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1889d). Arachnida. Araneida. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 1, 1-56. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1893b). Arachnida. Araneida. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 1, 105-120. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1903a). Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 2, 425-464. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1904). Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 2, 465-560. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1898i). On the spiders of the island of St Vincent. III. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 65(4, for 1897): 860-890. [published in April 1898, after Duncan, 1937] doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1898.tb01390.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2015-11-20 New taxonomic reference entry Edwards, 1986 n/a