Taxon details


Cithaeron praedonius O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2020-06-22
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:026171]
  • Distribution: North Africa, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Middle East to India, Malaysia. Introduced to USA, Cuba, Brazil, Australia (Northern Territory)
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; f of Tephlea agelenoides (lost) (Platnick, 1991c)
  • Holotype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; f of Cithaeron pallidus (Platnick, 1991c)
  • Lectotype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; f of Tephlea limbata (Platnick, 1991c)
  • Syntype: Oxford University Museum of Natural History (OUMNH), Oxford, UK; 2f (Platnick, 1991c)
  • Syntype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; 1f of Tephlea semilimbata (Platnick, 1991c)
Taxonomic references
Cithaeron praedonius O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872: 273 (Df).
Tephlea agelenoides Simon, 1878a: 207 (Df).
Tephlea limbata Simon, 1885d: 36 (Dmf).
Tephlea semilimbata Simon, 1890a: 91 (Df).
Cithaeron limbatus Simon, 1893a: 385, f. 345 (m).
Cithaeron praedonius Simon, 1893a: 386, f. 341-344 (Dm, S of Tephlea agelenoides).
Cythaeron pallidus Denis, 1953b: 340, f. 5 (Df).
Cithaeron praedonius Platnick, 1991c: 6, f. 9-13 (mf, S of Cithaeron limbatus, C. pallidus and C. semilimbatus).
Cithaeron praedonius Platnick, 2002: 21, f. 36-40 (mf).
Cithaeron praedonius Carvalho, Bonaldo & Brescovit, 2007: 512, f. 1-4 (f).
Cithaeron praedonius Akpinar & Varol, 2012: 105, f. 1-5 (mf).
Cithaeron praedonius Ruiz & Bonaldo, 2013: 92, f. 1-8 (mf).
Cithaeron praedonius Sánchez-Ruiz & Brescovit, 2013b: 89, f. 1-4 (f).
Cithaeron praedonius Azevedo, Griswold & Santos, 2018b: 599, f. 8a, 9b, 15b, 19c, 20b, S8d, S11a (mf).
Cithaeron praedonius Özkütük et al., 2019d: 55, f. 1, 2A-D (f).
Cithaeron praedonius Rivera-Quiroz et al., 2020: 5, f. 3h (f; = Ruiz & Bonaldo, 2013: f. 8).
References

Akpınar, A. & Varol, İ. (2012). First record of family Cithaeronidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Turkey. Serket 13: 104-107. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azevedo, G. H. F, Griswold, C. E. & Santos, A. J. (2018b). Systematics and evolution of ground spiders revisited (Araneae, Dionycha, Gnaphosidae). Cladistics 34(6): 579-626. doi:10.1111/cla.12226 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Carvalho, L. S., Bonaldo, A. B. & Brescovit, A. D. (2007). The first record of the family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea) to the new world. Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24: 512-514. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Denis, J. (1953b). Spiders of the Yemen, southwest Arabia, collected by the U.S. Naval Medical mission to the Yemen, 1951. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 72: 337-343. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Özkütük, R. S., Gücel, S., Fuller, Ö. Ö. & Kunt, K. B. (2019d). Cithaeron praedonius O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1872 (Araneae: Cithaeronidae) in Cyprus. Serket 17(1): 54-57. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1872). General list of the spiders of Palestine and Syria, with descriptions of numerous new species, and characters of two new genera. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 40(1): 212-354, pl. 13-16. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7998.1872.tb00489.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Platnick, N. I. (1991c). A revision of the ground spider family Cithaeronidae (Araneae, Gnaphosoidea). American Museum Novitates 3018: 1-13. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Platnick, N. I. (2002). A revision of the Australasian ground spiders of the families Ammoxenidae, Cithaeronidae, Gallieniellidae, and Trochanteriidae (Araneae: Gnaphosoidea). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 271: 1-243. doi:10.1206/0003-0090(2002)271<0001:AROTAG>2.0.CO;2 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Rivera-Quiroz, F. A., Schilthuizen, M., Petcharad, B. & Miller, J. A. (2020). Imperfect and askew: a review of asymmetric genitalia in araneomorph spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). PLoS One 15(6, e0220354): 1-26. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220354 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ruiz, G. R. S. & Bonaldo, A. B. (2013). Vagabond but elusive: two newcomers to the eastern Amazon (Araneae: Cithaeronidae; Prodidomidae). Zootaxa 3694: 92-96. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3694.1.8 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sánchez-Ruiz, A. & Brescovit, A. D. (2013b). First record of the family Cithaeronidae Simon (Arachnida, Araneae) from Cuba, in the Caribbean region. Novitates Caribaea 6: 89-91. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1878a). Les arachnides de France. Tome quatrième, contenant la famille des Drassidae. Roret, Paris, 334 pp., pl. 14-16. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1885d). Matériaux pour servir à la faune arachnologiques de l'Asie méridionale. I. Arachnides recueillis à Wagra-Karoor près Gundacul, district de Bellary par M. M. Chaper. II. Arachnides recueillis à Ramnad, district de Madura par M. l'abbé Fabre. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 10: 1-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1890a). Etudes arachnologiques. 22e Mémoire. XXXIV. Etude sur les arachnides de l'Yemen. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6) 10: 77-124. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1893a). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Deuxième édition, tome premier. Roret, Paris, pp. 257-488. [second pdf with detailed publication dates of the single parts] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

GBIF.org (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: https://www.gbif.org [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2020-06-22 New taxonomic reference entry Rivera-Quiroz et al., 2020 n/a
2019-11-11 New taxonomic reference entry Özkütük et al., 2019d n/a
2019-05-23 Species distribution update n/a (Old value)
2018-12-11 New taxonomic reference entry Azevedo, Griswold & Santos, 2018b n/a