Family: Macrothelidae Simon,1892 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0128] Detail
N.B.: originally Macrotheleae, transferred from Hexathelidae and elavated to family level by Hedin et al., 2018: 4.
In synonymy:
Orientothele Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017 = Macrothele Ausserer, 1871 (Drolshagen, 2017: 282, T from Dipluridae)
Gen. Macrothele Ausserer, 1871 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:00017] Detail
type Mygale calpeiana Walckenaer, 1805; gender feminine
N.B.: transferred from the Dipluridae to the Hexathelidae by Raven, 1980a: 253 and to the Macrothelidae by Hedin et al., 2018: 4; considered a senior synonym of Orientothele Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017: 33 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:04394] (type O. alyratus Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017, transferred from the Dipluridae) by Drolshagen, 2017: 282.
Transferred to other genera:
Macrothele aculeata Urquhart, 1893 -- see Euoplos
Macrothele darcheni Benoit, 1966 -- see Heterothele
Macrothele digitata Chen, Jiang & Yang, 2020 -- see Vacrothele
Macrothele hunanica Zhu & Song, 2000 -- see Vacrothele
Macrothele palpator Pocock, 1901 -- see Vacrothele
Macrothele sinensis Zhu & Mao, 1983 -- see Sinopesa
Macrothele yunnanica Zhu & Song, 2000 -- see Vacrothele
In synonymy:
Macrothele fuliginea Simon, 1891 = Macrothele maculata (Thorell, 1890) (Kulczyński, 1908d: 538).
Macrothele luctuosa (Lucas, 1855) = Macrothele calpeiana (Walckenaer, 1805) (Blasco & Ferrández, 1986: 314, Snazell, 1986b: 82).
Macrothele variabilis Pavesi, 1898 = Macrothele maculata (Thorell, 1890) (Kulczyński, 1908d: 538).
Nomina nuda:
Macrothele makii Kishida -- Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 122.
Macrothele ornata Kishida, 1959: 367 (Japan/Okinawa) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:054942] -- Yaginuma, in Brignoli, 1983c: 122.
Macrothele abrupta Benoit, 1965 | f | Congo     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000184]
Macrothele abruptus Benoit, 1965a: 127, f. 10-11 (Df).
Macrothele abrupta Brignoli, 1983c: 126.
Macrothele alyrata (Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017) | f | India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:049272]
Orientothele alyratus Mirza, Sanap & Kunte, 2017: 34, f. 1, 2A-D, 3A-E, 4A-D, 5A-D (Df).
Macrothele alyrata Drolshagen, 2017: 282 (T from Orientothele, Dipluridae).
Macrothele amamiensis Shimojana & Haupt, 1998 | m f | Japan (Ryukyu Is.)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000185]
Macrothele amamiensis Shimojana & Haupt, 1998: 10, f. 3-4, 12, 18-19, 25 (Dmf).
Macrothele amamiensis Shimojana, 2009: 95, f. 1, 14-19 (mf).
Macrothele arcuata Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052143]
Macrothele arcuata Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020: 131, f. 3A-L, 4A-D (Dmf).
Macrothele bannaensis Xu & Yin, 2001 | m f | China, Laos     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:038359]
Macrothele bannaensis Xu & Yin, 2001b: 66, f. I.1-6 (Df).
Macrothele bannaensis Yin et al., 2012: 138, f. 15a-f (f).
Macrothele bannaensis Li & Zha, 2013: 779, f. 17-30 (f, Dm).
Macrothele bannaensis Zhang & Wang, 2017: 305, 5 f. (mf).
Macrothele calpeiana (Walckenaer, 1805) * | m f | Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Algeria     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000186]
Mygale calpeiana Walckenaer, 1805: 5, pl. 1, f. 1-2 (Df).
Mygale calpeiana Hahn, 1822: 1, pl. 1, f. a-b.
Mygale luctuosa Lucas, 1855: 17, pl. 5, f. 1-2 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:056262].
Diplura calpeiana Thorell, 1870b: 167.
Macrothele calpetana Ausserer, 1871a: 181.
Macrothele luctuosa Ausserer, 1871a: 182.
Macrothele calpetana Simon, 1892a: 184, f. 125 (f).
Macrothele calpetana Blasco & Ferrández, 1986: 314, f. 1-2 (f, Dm, S of Macrothele luctuosa).
Macrothele calpeiana Snazell, 1986b: 82 (S of Macrothele luctuosa).
Macrothele calpeiana Snazell & Allison, 1989: 65, f. 1-4, 8 (mf).
Macrothele calpeiana Le Peru, 2011: 64, f. 22 (mf).
Macrothele camerunensis Simon, 1903 | f | Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000187]
Macrothele camerunensis Simon, 1903e: 66 (Df).
Macrothele cangshanensis Z. B. Yang, Zhao, Zhang & Z. Z. Yang, 2018 | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050778]
Macrothele cangshanensis Yang et al., 2018: 97, f. 1A-V (Dm).
Macrothele cretica Kulczyński, 1903 | m f | Greece (Crete)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000188]
Macrothele cretica Kulczyński, 1903a: 35, pl. 1, f. 1 (Dm).
Macrothele cretica Snazell & Allison, 1989: 70, f. 5-7 (m).
Macrothele cretica Le Peru, 2011: 64, f. 23 (m).
Macrothele cretica Chatzaki & Komnenov, 2019: 271, f. 1A-E, 2A-E (m, Df).
Macrothele decemnotata Simon, 1909 | m | Vietnam     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000189]
Macrothele decemnotata Simon, 1909e: 72 (Dm).
Macrothele drolshageni Özkütük, Elverici, Yağmur & Kunt, 2019 | f | Turkey     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:051159]
Macrothele drolshageni Özkütük et al., 2019b: 180, f. 1A-D, 2A-B (Df).
Macrothele emei Lin & Li, 2021 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053350]
Macrothele emei Lin & Li, in Lin et al., 2021b: 3, f. 2A-B, 3A-E, 13A, 14A (Dmf).
Macrothele gigas Shimojana & Haupt, 1998 | m f | Japan (Ryukyu Is.)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000190]
Macrothele gigas Shimojana & Haupt, 1998: 5, f. 9-10, 15, 20 (Dmf).
Macrothele gigas Haupt, 2008: 20, f. 1-2, 4A (f; 4B see Macrothele hungae).
Macrothele gigas Shimojana, 2009: 94, f. 1-7 (mf).
Macrothele guizhouensis Hu & Li, 1986 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000191]
Macrothele guizhouensis Hu & Li, 1986: 35, f. 1-7 (Df).
Macrothele guizhouensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 36, f. 17C (f).
Macrothele guizhouensis Haupt, 2008: 20, f. 3D (f).
Macrothele guizhouensis Wu et al., 2022c: 129, f. 1A-F, 2A-I, 3A-E, 4A-F (Dmf).
Macrothele hanfeii Lin & Li, 2021 | m f | China (Hainan)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053351]
Macrothele hanfeii Lin & Li, in Lin et al., 2021b: 6, f. 1C, 4A-B, 5A-B, 6A-E, 13F, 14F (Dmf).
Macrothele holsti Pocock, 1901 | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000192]
Macrothele holsti Pocock, 1901e: 214, pl. 21, f. 5 (Dm).
Macrothele holsti Yoshida, 1978b: 9, f. 36 (m).
Macrothele holsti Shimojana & Haupt, 1998: 2, f. 1-2, 11, 21-22 (m, Df).
Macrothele hungae Lin & Li, 2021 | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053352]
Macrothele gigas Haupt, 2008: 20, f. 4B (f; misidentified per Lin et al., 2021b: 10).
Macrothele hungae Lin & Li, in Lin et al., 2021b: 10, f. 7A-B, 8A-E, 13E, 14E, 15B, F (Dmf).
Macrothele incisa Benoit, 1965 | f | Congo     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000193]
Macrothele incisus Benoit, 1965a: 127, f. 12-13 (Df).
Macrothele incisa Brignoli, 1983c: 126.
Macrothele jingzhao Chen, Jiang & Yang, 2020 | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:051825]
Macrothele jingzhao Chen, Jiang & Yang, 2020: 117, f. 3A-K (Dm).
Macrothele jinlin Z. B. Yang, Zhao, Zhang & Z. Z. Yang, 2018 | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:050779]
Macrothele jinlin Yang et al., 2018: 100, f. 2A-V (Dm).
Macrothele limenghuai Lin & Li, 2021 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053353]
Macrothele limenghuai Lin & Li, in Lin et al., 2021b: 13, f. 1A-B, 9A-B, 10A-E, 13B, 14B, 15A, E (Dmf).
Macrothele maculata (Thorell, 1890) | m f | Myanmar, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000194]
Diplura maculata Thorell, 1890a: 409 (Df).
Macrothele fuliginea Simon, 1891e: 306 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:056263].
Macrothele maculata Thorell, 1897a: 184.
Macrothele variabilis Pavesi, 1898b: 94 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000202].
Macrothele maculata Kulczyński, 1908d: 538, pl. 23, f. 8 (Dm, S of Macrothele fuliginea and M. variabilis).
Macrothele maculata annamensis Hogg, 1922 | f | Vietnam     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000195]
Macrothele maculata annamensis Hogg, 1922: 285 (Df).
Macrothele menglunensis Li & Zha, 2013 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:046543]
Macrothele menglunensis Li & Zha, 2013: 776, f. 1-16 (Dmf).
Macrothele mingsheng Wu & Z. Z. Yang, 2022 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:056659]
Macrothele yunnanica Zhu & Song, 2000b: 62, fig. 2A-E (f; misidentified per Wu et al., 2022b: 97 and is subadult).
Macrothele mingsheng Wu & Z. Z. Yang, in Wu et al., 2022b: 98, f. 2A-N, 3A-K, 4C (Dmf).
Macrothele monocirculata Xu & Yin, 2000 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037427]
Macrothele monocirculata Xu & Yin, 2000b: 200, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
Macrothele monocirculata Yin, 2001b: 2, f. 6A-K (mf).
Macrothele monocirculata Yin et al., 2012: 140, f. 6a-k, 3-18a-b (mf).
Macrothele multispine Wang, Li & Yang, 2019 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:051484]
Macrothele multispine Wang, Li & Yang, 2019: 110, f. A-I (Dmf).
Macrothele nanning Lin & Li, 2021 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053354]
Macrothele nanning Lin & Li, in Lin et al., 2021b: 16, f. 11A-B, 12A-E, 13C, 14C (Dmf).
Macrothele proserpina Simon, 1909 | f | Vietnam     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000197]
Macrothele proserpina Simon, 1909e: 71 (Df).
Macrothele raveni Zhu, Li & Song, 2000 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:038360]
Macrothele raveni Zhu, Li & Song, 2000: 358, f. 1A-M, 2 (Dmf).
Macrothele raveni Haupt, 2008: 20, f. 3C (f).
Macrothele sanheensis Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052144]
Macrothele sanheensis Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020: 134, f. 5A-J, 6A-D (Dmf).
Macrothele segmentata Simon, 1892 | f | Malaysia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000198]
Macrothele segmentata Simon, 1892d: 284 (Df).
Macrothele simplicata (Saito, 1933) | f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000199]
Ischnothele simplicata Saitō, 1933b: 34, pl. 3, f. 3 (Df).
Macrothele simplicata Saito, 1959: 32, f. 3a-e (Tf from Ischnothele).
Macrothele simplicata Yoshida, 1978b: 9, f. 33-35 (f).
Macrothele taiwanensis Shimojana & Haupt, 1998 | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000200]
Macrothele taiwanensis Shimojana & Haupt, 1998: 7, f. 5-6, 13, 16, 23 (Dmf).
Macrothele triangularis Benoit, 1965 | f | Congo     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000201]
Macrothele triangularis Benoit, 1965a: 125, f. 9 (Df).
Macrothele undata Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052142]
Macrothele undata Tang, Zhao & Yang, 2020: 128, f. 1A-J, 2A-D (Dmf).
Macrothele vidua Simon, 1906 | m f | India     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000203]
Macrothele vidua Simon, 1906c: 306 (Df).
Macrothele vidua Gravely, 1915: 286, pl. 15, f. 5 (Dm).
Macrothele washanensis Wu & Z. Z. Yang, 2022 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:056260]
Macrothele washanensis Wu & Z. Z. Yang, in Wu et al., 2022a: 2, f. 1A-K, 2A-D, 3A-H, 4A-D, 5A-H, 6A-B, 7A-C (Dmf).
Macrothele wuliangensis Wu & Z. Z. Yang, 2022 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:056261]
Macrothele wuliangensis Wu & Z. Z. Yang, in Wu et al., 2022a: 14, f. 8A-K, 9A-D, 10A-H, 11A-D, 12A-H, 13A-F, 14D (Dmf).
Macrothele yaginumai Shimojana & Haupt, 1998 | m f | Japan (Ryukyu Is.)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000204]
Macrothele yaginumai Shimojana & Haupt, 1998: 11, f. 7-8, 14, 17, 24 (Dmf).
Macrothele yaginumai Shimojana, 2009: 94, f. 1, 8-13 (mf).
Macrothele yani Xu, Yin & Griswold, 2002 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:038361]
Macrothele yani Xu, Yin & Griswold, 2002: 116, f. 1-7 (Df).
Macrothele yani Shi et al., 2018: 104, f. 1A-B, 2A-V, 3A-L (Dmf).
Macrothele yongshengensis Z. B. Yang, Zhao & Z. Z. Yang, 2019 | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052771]
Macrothele yongshengensis Yang, Zhao & Yang, 2019: 45, f. 1A-D, 2A-H (Df).
Macrothele yunlingensis Z. B. Yang, Zhao & Z. Z. Yang, 2019 | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:052772]
Macrothele yunlingensis Yang, Zhao & Yang, 2019: 46, f. 3A-D, 4A-H (Df).
Gen. Vacrothele Tang & Yang, 2022 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:04959] Detail
type Macrothele hunanica Zhu & Song, 2000; gender feminine
Vacrothele digitata (Chen, Jiang & Yang, 2020) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:051824]
Macrothele digitata Chen, Jiang & Yang, 2020: 115, f. 1A-K, 2A-C (Dmf).
Vacrothele digitata Tang et al., 2022: 516, f. 13A-L, 14A-E, 16C, 17E, 18E (mf, T from Macrothele).
Vacrothele hunanica (Zhu & Song, 2000) * | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036938]
Macrothele hunanica Zhu & Song, 2000b: 60, f. 1A-I (Dmf).
Vacrothele hunanica Tang et al., 2022: 516, f. 2D, 3A-L, 4A-E, 16A, 17A, 18A (mf, T from Macrothele).
Vacrothele palpator (Pocock, 1901) | m f | China, Hong Kong     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:000196]
Macrothele palpator Pocock, 1901e: 213, pl. 21, f. 4 (Dmf).
Macrothele palpator Hu & Li, 1986: 37, f. 8-11 (mf).
Macrothele papator Feng, 1990: 27, f. 2.1-5 (mf).
Macrothele palpator Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 39, f. 17D-F (mf).
Macrothele palpator Yin et al., 2012: 142, f. 17a-f (mf).
Vacrothele palpator Tang et al., 2022: 518, f. 11A-L, 12A-E, 16B, 17D, 18D (mf, T from Macrothele).
Vacrothele pseudohunanica Tang, Wu, Zhao & Yang, 2022 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053938]
Vacrothele pseudohunanica Tang et al., 2022: 520, f. 5B, 6A-L, 7A-E, 15A, 17B, 18B (Dmf).
Vacrothele uncata Tang, Wu, Zhao & Yang, 2022 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:053939]
Vacrothele uncata Tang et al., 2022: 523, f. 8B, 9A-L, 10A-E, 15B, 17C, 18C (Dmf).
Vacrothele yunnanica (Zhu & Song, 2000) | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036939]
Macrothele yunnanica Zhu & Song, 2000b: 62, f. 2F-J (Dm; f f. 2A-E is subadult and belongs to Macrothele mingsheng per Wu et al., 2022b: 97).
Vacrothele yunnanica Wu et al., 2022b: 97, f. 1A-K (m, T from Macrothele).
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