Family: Salticidae Blackwall,1841 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0101] Detail
Gen. Colonus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:04286] Detail
Type Attus sylvanus Hentz, 1846; N.B.: removed from synonymy of Thiodina Simon, 1900 by Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 186, contra Simon, 1903a: 1050.
In synonymy:
Colonus schiapelliae (Galiano, 1957, T from Thiodina) = Colonus germaini (Simon, 1900) (Galiano, 1963a: 458).
Colonus stellifer (Holmberg, 1876, originally in Maevia, T from Thiodina) = Colonus pallidus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321).
Colonus viridis (Holmberg, 1876, originally in Maevia, T from Thiodina) = Colonus pallidus (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321).
Colonus branicki (Taczanowski, 1871) | m f | Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036550]
Attus branickii Taczanowski, 1871: 94 (Dmf).
Marpissa branickii Taczanowski, 1878a: 327.
Attus branickii Hasselt, 1888: 196.
Thiodina branickii Caporiacco, 1948a: 705, f. 133 (f).
Thiodina branickii Caporiacco, 1954: 147, f. 46 (mf, not S of T. pallida).
Colonus branicki Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus candidus (Mello-Leitão, 1922) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036551]
Thiodina candida Mello-Leitão, 1922a: 218 (Df).
Colonus candidus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tf from Thiodina).
Colonus germaini (Simon, 1900) | m f | Brazil, Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036554]
Thiodina germaini Simon, 1900b: 392 (Dm).
Thiodina schiapelliae Galiano, 1957: 57, f. A-C (Dmf).
Thiodina germaini Galiano, 1963a: 458, pl. XL, f. 3-4 (m, Sf).
Colonus germaini Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus germaini Rubio & Baigorria, 2016: 271, f. 3a-c, 5a-b (mf).
Colonus hesperus (Richman & Vetter, 2004) | m f | USA, Mexico     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:039434]
Dendryphantes retarius Banks, 1898b: 284 (misidentified).
Thiodina retarius Banks, 1904b: 358 (misidentified).
Thiodina hespera Richman & Vetter, 2004: 426, f. 2, 4, 8, 11, 14 (Dmf).
Thiodina hespera Jiménez & Palacios-Cardiel, 2012a: 654, f. 2c (f).
Colonus hesperus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus melanogaster (Mello-Leitão, 1917) | m | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036556]
Thiodina melanogaster Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 132, f. 4 (Dm).
Colonus melanogaster Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tm from Thiodina).
Colonus pallidus (C. L. Koch, 1846) | m f | Colombia to Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036558]
Alcmena pallida C. L. Koch, 1846: 179, f. 1229 (Dm).
Dendryphantes pallida Simon, 1864: 315.
Maevia stellifera Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
Maevia viridis Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
Thiodina pallida Simon, 1901a: 455, f. 522-525 (m, Df).
Thiodina pallida Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321 (S).
Thiodina pallida Crane, 1945: 35, f. 2 (mf).
Thiodina pallida Caporiacco, 1954: 149, f. 47 (f).
Colonus pallidus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus pallidus Rubio & Baigorria, 2016: 271, f. 3d-g, 5c (f).
Colonus pallidus Prószyński, 2017b: 24, f. 10C (f).
Colonus pseustes (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) | m | Panama, French Guiana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036560]
Thiodina pseustes Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936a: 29, pl. 8, f. 61-62 (Dm).
Colonus pseustes Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tm from Thiodina).
Colonus puerperus (Hentz, 1846) | m f | USA     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036561]
Attus puerperus Hentz, 1846: 360, pl. 21, f. 22 (Df).
Attus agrestis Peckham & Peckham, 1883: 12, pl. 1, f. 9 (Df).
Plexippus puerperus Emerton, 1902: 51, f. 137-139 (f, Dm).
Thiodina puerpera Peckham & Peckham, 1909: 449, pl. 35, f. 8 (mf).
Thiodina irrorata Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 215, f. 11 (mf).
Thiodina puerpera Oehler, 1980: 12, f. 122-127 (mf).
Thiodina puerpera Breene et al., 1993: 64, f. 40A-C (mf).
Thiodina puerpera Richman & Vetter, 2004: 424, f. 2-3, 7, 10, 13 (mf).
Thiodina puerpera Hill, 2012: 1, f. 10 (f).
Colonus puerperus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus puerperus Hill, 2018a: 6, f. 5, 7, 9.1-2, 10.1, 11-13, 18-24, 29-30, 37, 39-41, 45-46, 48-52, 54, 56-60, 68.5, 69, 71-77, 79.1-3, 81-82, 84-87 (m [habitus], f).
Colonus punctulatus (Mello-Leitão, 1917) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036562]
Thiodina punctulata Mello-Leitão, 1917c: 133, f. 9, 12 (Df).
Colonus punctulatus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tf from Thiodina).
Colonus rishwani (Makhan, 2006) | m | Suriname     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:040894]
Thiodina rishwani Makhan, 2006a: 10, f. 1-3 (Dm).
Colonus rishwani Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tm from Thiodina).
Colonus robustus (Mello-Leitão, 1945) | m | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036563]
Thiodina robusta Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 299, f. 92-93 (Dm).
Colonus robustus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tm from Thiodina).
Colonus robustus Rubio & Baigorria, 2016: 271, f. 3h-j, 5d-e (m).
Colonus sylvanus (Hentz, 1846) * | m f | USA to Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036565]
Attus sylvanus Hentz, 1846: 364, pl. 22, f. 10 (Dmf).
Attus retiarius Hentz, 1850: 288, pl. 10, f. 11 (Df).
Plexippus puerperus Peckham & Peckham, 1885b: 68, pl. 2, f. 5 (mf, misidentified).
Plexippus puerperus Peckham & Peckham, 1888: 33, pl. 1, f. 23, pl. 2, f. 23, pl. 3, f. 23 (f, misidentified).
Colonus puerperus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 246, pl. 21, f. 11-12 (mf, misidentified).
Metaphidippus retiarius F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 272.
Thiodina puerpera Simon, 1901a: 457.
Thiodina sylvana Peckham & Peckham, 1909: 449, pl. 35, f. 9 (mf).
Thiodina inquies Kraus, 1955b: 59, f. 169 (f).
Thiodina sylvana Oehler, 1980: 12, f. 128-132 (mf).
Thiodina sylvana Breene et al., 1993: 64, f. 41A-C (mf).
Thiodina sylvana Richman & Vetter, 2004: 421, f. 2-3, 5-6, 9, 12 (mf).
Thiodina sylvana Hill, 2012: 1, f. 10 (f).
Colonus sylvanus Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tmf from Thiodina).
Colonus sylvanus Prószyński, 2017b: 24, f. 7L, 10A-B (mf).
Colonus sylvanus Hill, 2018a: 6, f. 6, 8, 9.3-4, 10.2, 14-17, 25-27, 31-36, 38, 42-44, 47, 53, 55, 61-67, 68.1-4, 70, 78, 79.4, 80, 83, 89 (m [habitus], f).
Colonus vaccula (Simon, 1900) | m f | Peru, Brazil, Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036566]
Thiodina vaccula Simon, 1900b: 392 (Dm).
Thiodina vaccula Simon, 1901a: 455, f. 526-527 (m).
Thiodina vaccula Galiano, 1963a: 459, pl. XL, f. 1-2 (m).
Colonus vaccula Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tm from Thiodina).
Colonus vaccula Rubio & Baigorria, 2016: 272, f. 3k-m, 5f-h (m ,Df).
Colonus vellardi (Soares & Camargo, 1948) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:036567]
Thiodina vellardi Soares & Camargo, 1948a: 400, f. 76 (Df).
Colonus vellardi Bustamante, Maddison & Ruiz, 2015: 187 (Tf from Thiodina).
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