Taxon details


Xysticus audax (Schrank, 1803)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2018-07-28
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:031804]
  • Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Russia (Europe to Far East), Japan
Type deposit: provide information
Taxonomic references
Aranea audax Schrank, 1803: 235 (D).
Thomisus pini Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 2, f. C (Df).
Thomisus lateralis Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 21, f. B (Df).
Thomisus pini Hahn, 1832: 26, f. 23 (Dm).
Thomisus lateralis Hahn, 1832: 40, f. 31 (Dmf).
Xysticus audax C. L. Koch, 1835: 129, f. 16-17 (mf).
Xysticus mordax C. L. Koch, 1835: 130, pl. 19-20 (Dmf).
Xysticus cinereus C. L. Koch, 1837a: 63, f. 290 (Df).
Thomisus cinereus C. L. Koch, 1837b: 26 (D).
Xysticus audax C. L. Koch, 1845: 74, f. 1005-1008 (Dmf).
Xysticus pini C. L. Koch, 1850: 39.
Xysticus pini Thorell, 1856: 111.
Thomisus audax Blackwall, 1861a: 70, pl. 4, f. 39 (mf).
Xysticus pini Thorell, 1872a: 236.
Xysticus pini Simon, 1875a: 164, pl. 7, f. 14 (mf).
Xysticus pini Menge, 1876: 443, pl. 74, f. 250 (mf).
Xysticus pini Becker, 1882b: 167, pl. 15, f. 4 (mf).
Xysticus pini Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 93, pl. 3, f. 21 (mf).
Xysticus pini Bösenberg, 1902: 345, pl. 32, f. 508 (mf).
Xysticus lateralis Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 264, pl. 13, f. 306 (f).
Xysticus pini Simon, 1932: 816, 828, 874, f. 1215, 1244 (mf).
Xysticus audax Tullgren, 1944: 89, pl. 11, f. 162-169 (mf).
Xysticus audax Šilhavý, 1944: 91, f. 3 (m).
Xysticus audax Locket & Millidge, 1951: 179, f. 90B (mf).
Xysticus audax Buchar & Zdárek, 1960: 91, f. 7B (f; legend as X. pini).
Xysticus audax Utochkin, 1968: 7, f. 7-11 (mf).
Xysticus audax Vilbaste, 1969: 47, f. 39 (m).
Xysticus audax Miller, 1971: 119, pl. XIV, f. 21 (m).
Xysticus audax Braendegaard, 1972: 62, f. 32-33 (mf).
Xysticus audax Palmgren, 1983: 204, f. 3c, 4c-d, f (mf).
Xysticus audax Roberts, 1985: 100, f. 39b (mf).
Xysticus audax Ono, 1988c: 117, f. 121-126 (mf).
Xysticus audax Izmailova, 1989: 139, f. 129 (f).
Xysticus audax Chikuni, 1989b: 145, f. 32 (mf).
Xysticus audax Ono, Marusik & Logunov, 1990: 10, f. 23-24 (f).
Xysticus audax Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 478, f. 1257 (mf).
Xysticus audax Baldacchino et al., 1993: 50, f. 6c-d (m).
Xysticus audax Roberts, 1995: 159, f. (mf).
Xysticus audax Mcheidze, 1997: 184, f. 247-249 (mf).
Xysticus audax Roberts, 1998: 167, f. (mf).
Xysticus audax Jantscher, 2001: 17, f. 3-4, 10, 16-18, 25-27 (mf).
Xysticus audax Azarkina & Logunov, 2001: 139, f. 20-31, 34-35 (mf).
Xysticus audax Almquist, 2006: 499, f. 423a-l (mf).
Xysticus audax Ono, 2009a: 517, f. 196-201 (mf).
Xysticus audax Russell-Smith, 2016b: 23, f. (2 unnumbered) (mf).
References

Almquist, S. (2006). Swedish Araneae, part 2--families Dictynidae to Salticidae. Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 63: 285-601. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azarkina, G. N. & Logunov, D. V. (2001). Separation and distribution of Xysticus cristatus (Clerck, 1758) and X. audax (Schrank, 1803) in eastern Eurasia, with description of a new species from the mountains of central Asia (Aranei: Thomisidae). Arthropoda Selecta 9: 133-150. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Baldacchino, A. E., Dandria, D., Lanfranco, E. & Schembri, P. J. (1993). Records of spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) from the Maltese Islands (central Mediterranean). The Central Mediterranean Naturalist 2(2): 37-59. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1882b). Les arachnides de Belgique, première partie. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 10: 1-246, pl. 1-27. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1861a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. London 1, 1-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1902). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. II-IV. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(2-4): 97-384, Pl. 9-36. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. & Strand, E. (1906). Japanische Spinnen. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 30: 93-422. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Braendegaard, J. (1972). Edderkopper eller spindlere II. Danmarks Fauna 80: 1-231. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Buchar, J. & Žďárek, J. (1960). Die Arachnofauna der mittelböhmischen Waldsteppe. Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 1960: 87-102. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chikuni, Y. (1989b). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Spiders in Japan. Kaisei-sha Publishing Co., Tokyo, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1831b). Monographie der Spinnen. Lechner, Nürnberg, Heft 6, 1 p., 4 pls. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.122225 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1832). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Erster Band, pp. 25-76. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Izmailova, M. V. (1989). [Fauna of Spiders of South Part of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk State University Publishing, 184 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Jantscher, E. (2001). Diagnostic characters of Xysticus cristatus, X. audax and X. macedonicus (Araneae: Thomisidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12: 17-25. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1835). Arachniden. In: Herrich-Schäffer, G. A. W. (ed.) Deutschlands Insecten., Heft 128-133. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1837a). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Dritter Band, pp. 105-119, Pl. CVI-CVIII; Vierter Band, pp. 1-108. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1837b). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 1, pp. 1-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1845). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zwölfter Band, pp. 1-166. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1850). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 5, pp. 1-77. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1951). British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1876). Preussische Spinnen. VIII. Fortsetzung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 3: 423-454. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ono, H. (1988c). A revisional study of the spider family Thomisidae (Arachnida, Araneae) of Japan. National Science Museum, Tokyo, ii + 252 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ono, H., Marusik, Y. M. & Logunov, D. V. (1990). Spiders of the family Thomisidae from Sakhalin and the Kurile Islands. Acta Arachnologica 39: 7-19. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ono, H. (2009a). The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, 739 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1983). Die Philodromus aureolus-Gruppe und die Xysticus cristatus-Gruppe (Araneae) in Finnland. Annales Zoologici Fennici 20: 203-206. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Russell-Smith, A. (2016b). Identification of Xysticus cristatus and Xysticus audax. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 135: 23-24. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schrank, F. von P. (1803). Fauna Boica. Durchgedachte Geschichte der in Baiern einheimischen und zahmen Thiere. Landshut 3(1), 229-244. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Šilhavý, V. (1944). De Araneis familiae Thomisidae in Balcano occidentali viventibus. Sborník Klubu Přírodovědeckého v Brně 25: 90-95. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1875a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 2, 1-350. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1932). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 4e partie. Roret, Paris, 773-978. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1856). Recensio critica aranearum suecicarum quas descripserunt Clerckius, Linnaeus, de Geerus. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (3) 2(1): 61-176. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1872a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part III. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 229-374. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1944). Svensk Spindelfauna. 3. Araneae (Salticidae, Thomisidae, Philodromidae och Eusparassidae). Stockholm, pp. 1-108. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Utochkin, A. S. (1968). Pauki roda Xysticus faunii SSSR (Opredelitel'). Ed. Univ. Perm, pp. 1-73. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Vilbaste, A. (1969). Eesti Ämblikud I. Krabiämbliklased (Xysticidae), Jooksikämbliklased (Philodromidae) ja Hüpikämbliklased (Salticidae). Zooloogia ja Botaanika Instituut, Tallinn, pp. 1-224. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2016-09-23 New taxonomic reference entry Russell-Smith, 2016b n/a