Family: Salticidae Blackwall,1841 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0101] Detail
Gen. Phiale C. L. Koch, 1846 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:03151] Detail
N.B.: not a senior synonym of Cyrene Peckham & Peckham, 1893 (preoccupied; see Nycerella) according to Galiano, 1982b: 54.
Transferred to other genera:
Phiale acostae (Schenkel, 1953) -- see Pachomius
Phiale albovittata Schenkel, 1953 -- see Leptofreya
Phiale aliceae Chickering, 1946 -- see Pachomius
Phiale aprica (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Nycerella
Phiale bicuspidata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Xanthofreya
Phiale bilobata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Pachomius
Phiale bispinosa Banks, 1931 -- see Frigga
Phiale bristowei Caporiacco, 1948 -- see Nycerella
Phiale cardinalis Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Frigga
Phiale cincta Mello-Leitão, 1942 -- see Chira
Phiale coronigera (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Frigga
Phiale crocuta (Taczanowski, 1878) -- see Frigga
Phiale decorata (Peckham & Peckham, 1893) -- see Nycerella
Phiale delecta (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Nycerella
Phiale didelphis (Simon, 1886) -- see Tullgrenella
Phiale dolosa (Banks, 1909) -- see Frigga
Phiale donaldi Chickering, 1946 -- see Nycerella
Phiale dybowskii (Taczanowski, 1871) -- see Pachomius
Phiale flammea Crane, 1949 -- see Pachomius
Phiale flavescens (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Pachomius
Phiale fusca (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Hasarius
Phiale guianensis (Taczanowski, 1871) -- see Chira
Phiale hastigera (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Frigga
Phiale hieroglyphica (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Pachomius
Phiale interrupta (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Nycerella
Phiale jucunda (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Dendryphantes
Phiale kessleri (Taczanowski, 1871) -- see Frigga
Phiale laticava (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Leptofreya
Phiale lehmanni Strand, 1908 -- see Pachomius
Phiale maculosa Chickering, 1946 -- see Pachomius
Phiale mediocava (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Tarkas
Phiale ministerialis C. L. Koch, 1846 -- see Pachomius
Phiale modestissima Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Asaracus
Phiale nannispina (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1936) -- see Pachomius
Phiale nigrotaeniata Mello-Leitão, 1945 -- see Freya
Phiale niveoguttata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Pachomius
Phiale olomegae Kraus, 1955 -- see Frigga
Phiale orvillei Chickering, 1946 -- see Frigga
Phiale panamae Chamberlin, 1916 -- see Nycerella
Phiale pantherina Mello-Leitão, 1946 -- see Trydarssus
Phiale pratensis (Peckham & Peckham, 1885) -- see Frigga
Phiale psecadiformis (Caporiacco, 1947) -- see Frigga
Phiale pseudaprica Caporiacco, 1947 -- see Nycerella
Phiale quintensis Tullgren, 1905 -- see Frigga
Phiale rapida (C. L. Koch, 1846) -- see Saphrys
Phiale similis (Peckham & Peckham, 1896) -- see Pachomius
Phiale simoni Berland, 1913 -- see Frigga
Phiale simplicicava (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) -- see Leptofreya
In synonymy:
Phiale aristochratica Holmberg, 1876 = Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212, contra Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321).
Phiale bella (C. L. Koch, 1846, T from Freya) = Phiale mimica (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1981b: 77).
Phiale berina C. L. Koch, 1846 = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale boeroi (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Freya) = Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212).
Phiale duplocellata Mello-Leitão, 1947 = Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 29).
Phiale erythrogaster Holmberg, 1876 = Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212, contra Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 321, who synonymized it with P. gratiosa instead).
Phiale ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1944 = Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875 (Galiano, 1981d: 212).
Phiale flavoguttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) = Phiale guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
Phiale haemorrhoa (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Freya) = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale luctuosa (Simon, 1902, T from Chira) = Phiale crocea C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79, contra Galiano, 1961b: 161).
Phiale magnifica (Banks, 1909) = Phiale guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
Phiale melanargyra Mello-Leitão, 1946 = Phiale guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) (Galiano, 1979e: 345).
Phiale mutilloides Mello-Leitão, 1947 = Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
Phiale nigrosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947 = Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
Phiale obscura (Taczanowski, 1872, T from Euophrys) = Phiale crocea C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79).
Phiale quadrinotatus (Mello-Leitão, 1939, T from Menemerus) = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206, contra Galiano, 1963b: 2).
Phiale rubrosericea Mello-Leitão, 1947 = Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 (Galiano, 1981b: 76).
Phiale rufoguttata C. L. Koch, 1846 = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale selectus (C. L. Koch, 1846, T from Plexippus) = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale ursinus (Mello-Leitão, 1945, T from Menemerus) = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale variegata (Peckham & Peckham, 1901) = Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981d: 206).
Phiale zonata Caporiacco, 1947 = Phiale crocea C. L. Koch, 1846 (Galiano, 1981b: 79).
Nomina dubia:
Phiale furtiva (Walckenaer, 1837: 453, USA, originally in Attus) -- Roewer, 1955c: 1089, (sub Plexippus selectus).
Phiale nigra (Banks, 1898b: 284, pl. 17, f. 15, f, Mexico, originally in Pachomius, T here by Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692) -- Galiano, 1994a: 214.
Phiale aschnae Makhan, 2006 | m | Suriname     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:040863]
Phiale aschnae Makhan, 2006a: 11, f. 8-10 (Dm).
Phiale bipunctata Mello-Leitão, 1947 | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035389]
Phiale bipunctata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 26, pl. 6, f. 21 (Df).
Phiale bipunctata Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 28, f. 40-41, 60 (f).
Phiale bisignata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) | f | Mexico, Guatemala     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035390]
Cyrene bisignata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 236, pl. 20, f. 1 (Df).
Phiale bisignata Simon, 1903a: 689.
Phiale bryantae Roewer, 1951 | f | Antigua and Barbuda (Antigua)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035391]
Cyrene gratiosa Bryant, 1923: 16, pl. 2, f. 1-2 (Df; N.B.: preoccupied by Taczanowski, 1878 sub Phyale).
Phiale bryantae Roewer, 1951: 450 (replacement name).
Phiale bulbosa (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) | m | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035392]
Cyrene bulbosa F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 231, pl. 18, f. 16 (Dm).
Freya bulbosa Petrunkevitch, 1911: 652.
Freya bulbosa Chickering, 1946: 174, f. 149-150 (m).
Phiale bulbosa Galiano, 1981b: 82, f. 13-14 (Tm from Freya, contra Galiano, 1963a: 323).
Phiale crocea C. L. Koch, 1846 | m f | Panama to Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035393]
Phiale crocea C. L. Koch, 1846: 194, f. 1242 (Df).
Attus obscurus Taczanowski, 1871: 124 (Dm).
Euophrys obscurus Taczanowski, 1878a: 289.
Chira luctuosa Simon, 1902d: 52 (Dm).
Phiale zonata Caporiacco, 1947a: 31 (Df).
Akela obscura Caporiacco, 1948a: 723 (Df).
Chira luctuosa Caporiacco, 1954: 167, f. 59, 59a (m).
Chira luctuosa Galiano, 1963a: 323, pl. XIV, f. 15-16 (m).
Phiale crocea Galiano, 1981b: 79, f. 17-18, 22, 28 (mf, S).
Phiale crocea Prószyński, 2017b: 15, f. 4L (m).
Phiale crocea Prószyński, 2018a: 26, f. 5M (m).
Phiale cruentata (Walckenaer, 1837) | m f | Brazil, French Guiana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035394]
Attus cruentatus Walckenaer, 1837: 463 (Dmf).
Salticus cruentatus Lucas, 1857c: 18, pl. 1, f. 5a-c (f).
Phiale cruentata Simon, 1903a: 701.
Phiale cubana Roewer, 1951 | m | Cuba     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035395]
Pardessus formosus Bryant, 1940: 490, pl. 21, f. 283-284 (Dm; N.B.: preoccupied by Banks, 1909 sub Cyrene).
Phiale cubana Roewer, 1951: 450 (replacement name).
Phiale elegans (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) | f | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035397]
Cyrene elegans F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 238, pl. 20, f. 7 (Df).
Phiale elegans Simon, 1903a: 702.
Phiale formosa (Banks, 1909) | m f | Costa Rica     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035399]
Cyrene formosa Banks, 1909a: 223, pl. 5, f. 7 (Dm).
Phiale formosa Petrunkevitch, 1911: 690.
Phiale formosa Edwards, 2015: 55, f. 23A-K (m, Df).
Phiale geminata (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) | f | Panama     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035400]
Cyrene geminata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 240, pl. 20, f. 20 (Df).
Phiale geminata Simon, 1903a: 702.
Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846 * | m f | Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035401]
Phiale gratiosa C. L. Koch, 1846: 193, f. 1240-1241 (Df).
Plexippus selectus C. L. Koch, 1846: 100, f. 1163 (Df).
Phiale rufoguttata C. L. Koch, 1846: 197, f. 1245 (Df).
Phiale berina C. L. Koch, 1846: 198, f. 1246 (Dm).
Phyale gratiosa Taczanowski, 1878a: 315.
Philia gratiosa Bertkau, 1880a: 40.
Pardessus gratiosus Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 36.
Pardessus gratiosus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 221, pl. 18, f. 11 (f).
Palaestrina variegata Peckham & Peckham, 1901a: 304, pl. 26, f. 4 (Df).
Phiale variegata Simon, 1903a: 707.
Plexippus selectus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 695.
Menemerus 4-notatus Mello-Leitão, 1939e: 88, f. 79 (Df).
Freya haemorrhoa Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 282 (Dm).
Menemerus ursinus Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 288, f. 78 (Df).
Menemerus ursinus Galiano, 1963b: 4, pl. II, f. 3 (f).
Phiale gratiosa Galiano, 1978b: 162, f. 1-4, 8-9 (f, removed from S of P. mimica).
Phiale rufoguttata Galiano, 1978b: 165, f. 7, 10-11 (f).
Phiale gratiosa Galiano, 1981d: 206, f. 1, 5-6, 10-12 (mf, S).
Phiale gratiosa Prószyński, 1984a: 165 (f).
Phiale gratiosa Edwards, 2015: 55, f. 24A-L (mf).
Phiale guttata (C. L. Koch, 1846) | m f | Costa Rica to Paraguay     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035402]
Plexippus guttatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 96 (D).
Plexippus flavoguttatus C. L. Koch, 1846: 99, f. 1162 (Df).
Phiale flavoguttata Simon, 1903a: 697, f. 833 (Dm).
Cyrene magnifica Banks, 1909a: 223, pl. 6, f. 38 (Df).
Phiale magnifica Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692.
Phiale magnifica Chickering, 1946: 226, f. 188-191 (f, Dm).
Phiale melanargyra Mello-Leitão, 1946b: 27, f. 8 (Dm).
Phiale guttata Galiano, 1979e: 345, f. 1-7 (Tm from Plexippus, where "nicht zu deuten!" per Roewer, Sf).
Phiale huadquinae Chamberlin, 1916 | m | Peru     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035404]
Phiale huadquinae Chamberlin, 1916: 299, pl. 25, f. 3 (Dm).
Phiale longibarba (Mello-Leitão, 1943) | m | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032260]
Akela longibarba Mello-Leitão, 1943b: 262 (Dm).
Akela longobarba Roewer, 1955c: 1171.
Phiale longibarba Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 28, f. 42-43, 61 (Tm from Akela).
Phiale mimica (C. L. Koch, 1846) | m f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035408]
Plexippus mimicus C. L. Koch, 1846: 111, f. 1137 (Df).
Euophrys bella C. L. Koch, 1846: 203, f. 1250 (Dm).
Freya bella C. L. Koch, 1850: 66.
Pardessus mimicus Peckham & Peckham, 1896: 36, pl. 3, f. 1 (f).
Pardessus mimicus F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 221, pl. 18, f. 10 (j).
Phiale mimica Simon, 1903a: 701.
Phiale mimica Chickering, 1946: 229, f. 192-196 (f).
Phiale mimica Galiano, 1978b: 164, f. 5-6, 12-13 (f).
Phiale mimica Galiano, 1981b: 77, f. 11-12, 23, 31 (mf, S).
Phiale mimica Edwards, 2015: 55, f. 38U-X (mf).
Phiale ortrudae Galiano, 1981 | m f | Ecuador     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035412]
Phiale ortrudae Galiano, 1981b: 83, f. 19-21, 24, 30 (Dmf).
Phiale pallida (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901) | f | Guatemala     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035413]
Cyrene pallida F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1901a: 237, pl. 20, f. 5 (Df).
Phiale pallida Petrunkevitch, 1911: 692.
Phiale pallida Chickering, 1946: 236, f. 198 (f).
Phiale quadrimaculata (Walckenaer, 1837) | f | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035414]
Attus quadrimaculatus Walckenaer, 1837: 432 (Df).
Salticus quadrimaculatus Guérin, 1838a: 167, pl. 47, f. 2 (f).
Phiale quadrimaculata Simon, 1903a: 701.
Phiale radians (Blackwall, 1862) | j | Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035415]
Salticus radians Blackwall, 1862b: 352 (Dj).
Phiale radians Mello-Leitão, 1943a: 229 (Tj from Salticus).
Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875 | m f | Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035416]
Phiale roburifoliata Holmberg, 1875: 293, pl. 6, f. 4 (Df).
Phiale aristochratica Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
Phiale erythrogaster Holmberg, 1876: 24 (Df).
Phiale ferruginea Mello-Leitão, 1944b: 386 (Df).
Freya boeroi Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 281 (Dm).
Phiale roburifoliata Galiano, 1981d: 212, f. 3-4, 7-9, 13 (mf, S).
Phiale rubriceps (Taczanowski, 1871) | f | French Guiana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035417]
Attus rubriceps Taczanowski, 1871: 99 (Df).
Phiale rubriceps Mello-Leitão, 1948: 190.
Phiale septemguttata (Taczanowski, 1871) | m | French Guiana     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035418]
Attus septemguttata Taczanowski, 1871: 102 (D).
Phiale septemguttata Caporiacco, 1948a: 707 (Dm).
Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 | m f | Argentina, Paraguay, Brazil     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035421]
Phiale tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945b: 293 (Df).
Phiale duplocellata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 26, pl. 5, f. 18 (Dj).
Phiale mutilloides Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 27, pl. 6, f. 13 (Df).
Phiale nigrosigillata Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 27, pl. 6, f. 22 (Df).
Phiale rubrosericea Mello-Leitão, 1947c: 28, pl. 6, f. 23 (Df).
Phiale tristis Galiano, 1981b: 76, f. 1-7, 15-16, 25-27, 29 (mf, S).
Phiale tristis Edwards, Rinaldi & Ruiz, 2005: 29 (S).
Phiale virgo C. L. Koch, 1846 | f | Suriname     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:035422]
Phiale virgo C. L. Koch, 1846: 196, f. 1244 (Df).
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