Family: Theridiidae Sundevall,1833 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spiderfam:0099] Detail
Gen. Parasteatoda Archer, 1946 [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidergen:03640] Detail
P. Archer, 1946: 38 (described as a subgenus of Theridion Walckenaer, 1805; elevated to genus by Archer, 1950: 13), type Theridion tepidariorum C. L. Koch, 1841; removed from the synonymy of Achaearanea Strand, 1929 by Saaristo, 2006: 69, contra Levi, 1955a: 6.
Transferred to other genera:
Parasteatoda campanulata (Chen, 1993) -- see Campanicola
Parasteatoda ferrumequina (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Campanicola
Parasteatoda japonica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) -- see Nihonhimea
Parasteatoda mundula (Chrysanthus, 1963) -- see Nihonhimea
Parasteatoda mundula (L. Koch, 1872) -- see Nihonhimea
Parasteatoda oculiprominens Saito, 1939 -- see Keijiella
Parasteatoda tesselata (Keyserling, 1884) -- see Nihonhimea
In synonymy:
Parasteatoda boqueronica (Kraus, 1955) = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda krausi (Chrysanthus, 1963, T from Achaearanea) = Parasteatoda camura (Simon, 1877) (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, sub Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda lunata (Olivier, 1789, T from Theridion) = Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757) (Clerckian names validated by ICZN Direction 104).
Parasteatoda mesax Levi, 1959 = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda nipponica (Yoshida, 1983, T from Achaearanea) = Parasteatoda tabulata (Levi, 1980) (Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361, sub Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda obnubila (Keyserling, 1891, T from Theridion) = Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) (Levi, 1963b: 231, sub Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda pallida (Walckenaer, 1841, T from Theridion) = Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) (Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55, sub Theridion).
Parasteatoda angulithorax (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) | m f | Russia, China, Korea, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006749]
Theridion angulithorax Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 144, pl. 12, f. 292 (Df).
Theridion angulithorax Saito, 1959: 70, f. 64a-b (f).
Theridion angulithorax Yaginuma, 1960: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
Theridion angulithorax Lee, 1966: 29, f. 6l-m (f).
Theridion angulithorax Yaginuma, 1971: 36, f. 34.6 (f).
Achaearanea anglithorax Saito, Takahashi & Sagara, 1979: 7, f. 4-6 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion angulithorax Hu, 1984: 167, f. 173.1-3 (mf).
Theridion angulithorax Guo, 1985: 95, f. 2-40.1-2 (f).
Achaearanea angulithorax Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.2 (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 83.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 4 (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Chen & Gao, 1990: 89, f. 110a-b (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Zhao, 1993: 201, f. 92a-c (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Zhu, 1998: 92, f. 53A-E (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38A-B, I-J (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 20-23 (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Namkung, 2002: 87, f. 13.5a-b (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Yoo & Kim, 2002a: 26, f. 22 (m).
Achaearanea angulithorax Namkung, 2003: 89, f. 13.5a-b (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Yoshida, 2003a: 107, f. 266-269, 577 (mf).
Achaearanea angulithorax Ono, 2006b: 410, f. 2-5 (f).
Parasteatoda angulithorax Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda angulithorax Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 246-247 (mf).
Parasteatoda asiatica (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) | m f | China, Korea, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006752]
Achaea asiatica Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 148, pl. 12, f. 278 (Dmf).
Achaearanea asiatica Matsumoto, 1973a: 9, f. 1-7 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 8-9 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.7 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Chang, Gao & Guan, 1995: 46, f. 5 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Zhu, 1998: 96, f. 56A-E (mf).
Achaearanea asiaticus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38C-D, K-L (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Yoshida, 2000b: 143, f. 14-16 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Namkung, 2002: 90, f. 13.8a-b (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Namkung, 2003: 92, f. 13.8a-b (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Yoshida, 2003a: 105, f. 260-262 (mf).
Parasteatoda asiatica Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda asiatica Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 250-251 (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 70, f. 35A-E (mf).
Achaearanea asiatica Yin et al., 2012: 246, f. 77a-g (mf).
Parasteatoda brookesiana (Barrion & Litsinger, 1995) | f | India, Philippines     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006757]
Achaearanea brookesiana Barrion & Litsinger, 1995: 436, f. 261a-g (Df).
Achaearanea brookesiana Ganeshkumar & Siliwal, 2007: 2926, f. 1-6 (f).
Parasteatoda brookesiana Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda camura (Simon, 1877) | m f | Philippines, New Guinea, Solomon Is.     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006761]
Theridion camurum Simon, 1877b: 85 (Dm).
Theridion camurum Kulczyński, 1911c: 441 (Df).
Parasteatoda camura Archer, 1950: 14, pl. I, f. 5 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea krausi Chrysanthus, 1963: 744, f. 89-94, 99 (Dmf).
Achaearanea camura Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 4-5 (mf, S).
Parasteatoda camura Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda celsabdomina (Zhu, 1998) | m f | India, China, Thailand, Laos     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006764]
Achaearanea celsabdomina Zhu, 1998: 82, f. 45A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea celsabdomina Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 38G-H, O-P (mf).
Parasteatoda celsabdomina Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda celsabdomina Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2011b: 15, f. 11-20, 32-38 (mf).
Parasteatoda celsabdomina Sekhar & Sunil Jose, 2016: 188, f. 1, 2A-C, 3A-B (f).
Parasteatoda cingulata (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006767]
Achaearanea cingulata Zhu, 1998: 85, f. 48A-C (Df).
Achaearanea cingulata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39A-B (f).
Parasteatoda cingulata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea cingulata Yin et al., 2012: 252, f. 48a-f (f, Dm).
Parasteatoda corrugata Yoshida, 2016 | m f | Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:048649]
Achaearanea simulans Yoshida, 2000b: 148, f. 37-42 (mf, misidentified per Yoshida, 2016).
Achaearanea simulans Yoshida, 2003a: 111, f. 283-288 (mf, misidentified per Yoshida, 2016).
Parasteatoda simulans Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 236-237 (mf, misidentified per Yoshida, 2016).
Parasteatoda corrugata Yoshida, 2016: 14, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda culicivora (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) | m f | China, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006770]
Theridion culicivorum Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 143, pl. 12, f. 297 (Dm).
Achaearanea culicivorum Yoshida, 1983b: 40 (Tm from Theridion).
Achaearanea culicivora Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.4 (mf).
Achaearanea culicivora Gao & Guan, 1991: 54, f. 1.1-2 (m).
Achaearanea culicivora Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 32-36 (mf).
Achaearanea culicivora Yoo & Kim, 2002a: 26, f. 24 (m).
Achaearanea culicivora Yoshida, 2003a: 111, f. 278-282, 580 (mf).
Parasteatoda culicivora Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda culicivora Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 234-235 (mf).
Parasteatoda culicivora Baba & Tanikawa, 2015: 25, 6 f. (mf).
Parasteatoda daliensis (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China, Laos     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006772]
Achaearanea daliensis Zhu, 1998: 87, f. 49A-F (Dmf).
Achaearanea daliensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 86, f. 39C-D, K-L (mf).
Parasteatoda daliensis Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea daliensis Yin et al., 2012: 254, f. 83a-e (mf).
Parasteatoda decorata (L. Koch, 1867) | m f | Indonesia (Krakatau), New Guinea, Australia (Queensland)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006773]
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1867b: 188 (Df).
Theridion decoratum L. Koch, 1872a: 265, pl. 22, 5. 4 (f).
Theridion decoratum Rainbow, 1916a: 54, pl. 15, f. 31-32 (Dm).
Achaearanea decorata Chrysanthus, 1963: 743, f. 84-88 (Tmf from Theridion).
Achaearanea decorata Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 6-7 (f).
Parasteatoda decorata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda ducta (Zhu, 1998) | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006780]
Achaearanea ducta Zhu, 1998: 107, f. 64A-C (Df).
Achaearanea ducta Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39E-F (f).
Parasteatoda ducta Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda galeiforma (Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006790]
Achaearanea galeiforma Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 3-7 (Dmf).
Achaearanea galeiforma Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 852, f. 1A-E (mf).
Achaearanea galeiforma Zhu, 1998: 80, f. 44A-E (mf).
Achaearanea galeiforma Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 39I-J, M-N (mf).
Parasteatoda galeiforma Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea galeiforma Yin et al., 2012: 259, f. 86a-f (mf).
Parasteatoda gui (Zhu, 1998) | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006794]
Achaearanea gui Zhu, 1998: 114, f. 69A-C (Dm).
Achaearanea gui Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 90, f. 40K-L (m).
Parasteatoda gui Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tm from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda hammeni (Chrysanthus, 1963) | f | New Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006795]
Achaearanea hammeni Chrysanthus, 1963: 746, f. 95-98, 100 (Df).
Parasteatoda hammeni Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda hatsushibai Yoshida, 2009 | m f | Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:042634]
Parasteatoda hatsushibai Yoshida, 2009a: 73, f. 11-16 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda hatsushibai Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 240-245 (mf).
Parasteatoda jinghongensis (Zhu, 1998) | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006805]
Achaearanea jinghongensis Zhu, 1998: 94, f. 54A-C (Df).
Achaearanea jinghongensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40C-D (f).
Parasteatoda jinghongensis Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda kaindi (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982) | m f | New Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006806]
Achaearanea kaindi Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 111, f. 20-25 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda kaindi Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda kentingensis Yoshida, 2015 | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:047821]
Parasteatoda kentingensis Yoshida, 2015: 30, f. 16-22 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda kompirensis (Bösenberg & Strand, 1906) | m f | India, China, Korea, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006809]
Theridion kompirense Bösenberg & Strand, 1906: 141, pl. 5, f. 41, pl. 12, f. 284 (Dmf).
Theridion kompirense Namkung, 1964: 35, f. 13 (f).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1977: 323, f. 10-11 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Shinkai, 1978: 86, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion kompirense Song, 1980: 136, f. 72a-c (m).
Achaearanea kompirensis Yoshida, 1983b: 41 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion kompirense Hu, 1984: 169, f. 176.1-3 (m).
Achaearanea kompirensis Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.6 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Chikuni, 1989b: 31, f. 7 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 112a-b (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Chen & Zhang, 1991: 141, f. 133.1-2 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirense Zhao, 1993: 202, f. 93a-b (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 3a-e (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Zhu, 1998: 109, f. 66A-E (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40E-F, O-P (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Yoshida, 2000b: 144, f. 17-19 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Namkung, 2002: 89, f. 13.7a-b (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Namkung, 2003: 91, f. 13.7a-b (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Yoshida, 2003a: 106, f. 263-265, 540, 576 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Lee et al., 2004: 100, unnumbered f. (f).
Parasteatoda kompirensis Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda kompirensis Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 252-253 (mf).
Achaearanea kompirensis Yin et al., 2012: 262, f. 88a-f (mf).
Parasteatoda kompirensis Malik et al., 2018: 42, f. 1-11 (f).
Parasteatoda lanyuensis (Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000) | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006811]
Achaearanea lanyuensis Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 26-31 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda lanyuensis Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda longiducta (Zhu, 1998) | f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006812]
Achaearanea longiducta Zhu, 1998: 97, f. 57A-C (Df).
Achaearanea longiducta Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 40G-H (f).
Parasteatoda longiducta Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea longiducta Yin et al., 2012: 265, f. 90a-c (f).
Parasteatoda lunata (Clerck, 1757) | m f | Europe, Turkey, Israel, Caucasus, Russia     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006814]
Araneus lunatus Clerck, 1757: 52, pl. 3, f. 7 (Df).
Araneus formosus Clerck, 1757: 56, pl. 3, f. 6 (Df).
Aranea lunata Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea formosa Olivier, 1789: 210.
Aranea sisiphia Walckenaer, 1802: 206 (D; preoccupied).
Aranea urticae Walckenaer, 1802: 210 (D).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
Theridion sisyphum Hahn, 1836: 1, pl. 29, f. e (Df).
Theridion sisiphum Walckenaer, 1841: 298.
Theridion urticae Walckenaer, 1841: 326 (Df).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 74, f. 645 (Dmf).
Theridion lunatum C. L. Koch, 1845: 137, f. 1060-1061 (mf).
Theridion formosum Westring, 1851: 39.
Steatoda lunata Thorell, 1856: 28.
Theridion formosum Westring, 1861: 157 (Dmf).
Theridion sisyphum Blackwall, 1864a: 179, pl. 13, f. 113 (mf).
Steatoda lunata Menge, 1866: 150, pl. 28, f. 63 (mf).
Steatoda formosa Karsch, 1873: 138.
Theridion formosum O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1879d: 83, pl. 4, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 37 (mf).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1894a: 533, f. 538.
Theridion formosum Becker, 1896: (2): 95, pl. 21, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion formosum Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 116 (mf).
Theridion formosum Engelhardt, 1910: 71, f. 24 (f).
Theridion formosum Simon, 1914: 260, 296, f. 519 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Reimoser, 1930b: 54, f. 7 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Wiehle, 1937: 158, f. 95-100 (mf).
Theridion lunatum Denis, 1945a: 111, f. 1, 4 (m).
Parasteatoda formosum Archer, 1950: 14 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion lunatum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 62, f. 42, 43A-B, G (mf).
Theridium lunatum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 409, 431 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 5-7 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1c, pl. I, f. 3, pl. II, f. 8 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Palmgren, 1974b: 30, f. 8.1-5 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 119-120 (f).
Achaearanea lunata Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 121, f. 79-84 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 80d (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 752 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 11, 16 (m).
Achaearanea lunata Roberts, 1995: 278, f. (mf).
Theridium lunatum Mcheidze, 1997: 194, f. 394-396 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Roberts, 1998: 292, f. (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Levy, 1998b: 165, f. 316-321 (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Knoflach, 2004: 218, f. 60e-f (m).
Achaearanea lunata Almquist, 2005: 50, f. 77a-k (mf).
Achaearanea lunata Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 370, f. 121-124 (m).
Parasteatoda lunata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea lunata Le Peru, 2011: 433, f. 650 (mf).
Parasteatoda lunata Kaya & Ugurtas, 2011: 147, f. 8-9 (mf).
Parasteatoda lunata serrata (Franganillo, 1930) | f | Cuba     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006815]
Theridion formosum serratum Franganillo, 1930: 9 (Df).
Achaearanea lunata serrata Brignoli, 1983c: 391 (Tf from Theridion).
Parasteatoda lunata serrata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda merapiensis Yoshida & Takasuka, 2011 | m f | Indonesia (Java)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:044161]
Parasteatoda merapiensis Yoshida & Takasuka, in Takasuka et al., 2011: 65, f. 3-10 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda nigrovittata (Keyserling, 1884) | m f | Mexico to Argentina     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006829]
Theridion nigrovittatum Keyserling, 1884a: 26, pl. 1, f. 11 (Df).
Theridion obnubilum Keyserling, 1891: 187, pl. 6, f. 132 (Dm).
Theridion boqueronicum Kraus, 1955b: 18, f. 37-39 (Df).
Achaearanea boqueronicum Levi, 1959b: 61 (Tf from Theridion).
Achaearanea mesax Levi, 1959b: 74, f. 53-56 (Dmf).
Achaearanea nigrovittata Levi, 1963b: 231, f. 110 (Tf from Theridion, Sm).
Parasteatoda nigrovittata Buckup, Marques & Rodrigues, 2010: 352 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda oxymaculata (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China, India, Laos     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006835]
Achaearanea oxymaculata Zhu, 1998: 83, f. 46A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea oxymaculata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 41C-D, I-J (mf).
Parasteatoda oxymaculata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda oxymaculata Jäger & Praxaysombath, 2011b: 18, f. 21-31, 39-42 (f).
Achaearanea oxymaculata Yin et al., 2012: 268, f. 92a-f (mf).
Parasteatoda oxymaculata Rajoria, 2016b: 54, f. 1-6 (f).
Parasteatoda palmata Gao & Li, 2014 | m | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:046689]
Parasteatoda palmata Gao & Li, 2014: 57, f. 44A-B, 45A-C, 46A-D (Dm).
Parasteatoda polygramma (Kulczyński, 1911) | f | New Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006842]
Theridion polygrammum Kulczyński, 1911c: 442, pl. 19, f. 16-17 (Df).
Achaearanea polygramma Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 107, f. 2-3 (Tf from Theridion).
Parasteatoda polygramma Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda quadrimaculata (Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000) | f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006848]
Achaearanea quadrimaculata Yoshida, Tso & Severinghaus, 2000: 130, f. 32-35 (Df).
Parasteatoda quadrimaculata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda ryukyu (Yoshida, 2000) | m f | Japan, Ryukyu Is., Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:037042]
Achaearanea culicivora Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 2 (mf, misidentified per Yoshida, 2016).
Achaearanea ryukyu Yoshida, 2000b: 150, f. 43-50 (Dmf).
Achaearanea ryukyu Yoshida, 2003a: 113, f. 289-296 (mf).
Parasteatoda ryukyu Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda ryukyu Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 238-239 (mf).
Parasteatoda ryukyu Yoshida, 2015: 30, f. 23-27 (mf).
Parasteatoda ryukyu Yoshida, 2016: 16, f. 11-14 (mf).
Parasteatoda simulans (Thorell, 1875) | m f | Europe     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006864]
Theridion formosum simulans Thorell, 1875c: 55 (Df).
Theridion simulans Kulczyński, 1898: 63.
Theridion simulans Bösenberg, 1902: 97, pl. 8, f. 117 (f, Dm).
Theridion tepidariorum simulans Wiehle, 1937: 157.
Theridion tepidariorum simulans Denis, 1945a: 111, f. 3, 6 (m).
Achaearanea simulans Martin, 1972: 276 (elevated to species).
Achaearanea simulans Locket & Łuczak, 1974: 267, f. 1B (f).
Achaearanea simulans Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29B (f).
Achaearanea simulans Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1b, pl. I, f. 2, pl. II, f. 5, 7 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum simulans Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.9-10 (f).
Achaearanea simulans Punda, 1975b: 59, f. 121-122 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum simulans Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81b (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 754 (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 12, 17 (m).
Achaearanea simulans Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Namkung, 2002: 84, f. 13.2a-c (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Namkung, 2003: 86, f. 13.2a-c (mf).
Achaearanea simulans Almquist, 2005: 53, f. 80a-f (mf).
Parasteatoda simulans Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda simulans van Helsdingen, 2008a: 17 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda simulans Yoshida, 2016: 14, f. 7-10 (mf).
Parasteatoda songi (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006865]
Achaearanea songi Zhu, 1998: 104, f. 62A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea songi Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42E-F, I-J (mf).
Parasteatoda songi Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea songi Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 75, f. 39A-E (mf).
Achaearanea songi Yin et al., 2012: 270, f. 93a-c (f).
Parasteatoda subtabulata (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006866]
Achaearanea nipponica Zhu, Zhang & Xu, 1991: 172, f. 1-2 (m, misidentified).
Achaearanea subtabulata Zhu, 1998: 111, f. 67A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea subtabulata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 42G-H, M-N (mf).
Achaearanea subtabulata Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 94, f. 44A-E (mf).
Parasteatoda subtabulata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda subvexa (Zhu, 1998) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006867]
Achaearanea subvexa Zhu, 1998: 102, f. 61A-E (Dmf).
Achaearanea subvexa Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43A-B, G-H (mf).
Parasteatoda subvexa Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda tabulata (Levi, 1980) | m f | Tropical Asia. Introduced to North America, Europe, temperate Asia including China, Korea, Japan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006868]
Achaearanea tabulata Levi, 1980b: 334, f. 1-2 (Df).
Achaearanea nipponica Yoshida, 1983b: 38, f. 1-5 (Dmf).
Achaearanea nipponica Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.3 (mf).
Achaearanea nipponica Paik, 1986b: 4, f. 1-5 (m).
Achaearanea tabulata Moritz, Levi & Pfüller, 1988: 361, f. 1-3 (f, Sm).
Achaearanea tabulata Yoshida, 1989b: 317, f. 4N-O (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 3 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Knoflach, 1991: 59, f. 1-10, 14-15 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 1, 3 (m).
Achaearanea tabulata Gromov, 1997: 31, f. 1-5 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Zhu, 1998: 112, f. 68A-E (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 91, f. 43C-D, I-J (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Yoshida, 2000b: 145, f. 24-27 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Namkung, 2002: 86, f. 13.4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Kim & Cho, 2002: 299, f. 763-768 (mf).
Parasteatoda nipponica Yoo & Kim, 2002a: 26, f. 23 (m).
Achaearanea tabulata Yoo & Kim, 2002a: 29, f. 67-68 (m).
Achaearanea tabulata Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 213, f. 2381-2382 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Namkung, 2003: 88, f. 13.4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Yoshida, 2003a: 107, f. 270-273, 532, 541, 578 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 368, f. 119 (m).
Parasteatoda tabulata Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda tabulata Yoshida, 2009b: 382, f. 248-249 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Le Peru, 2011: 434, f. 653 (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 76, f. 40A-E (mf).
Parasteatoda tabulata Šestáková & Gajdoš, 2011: 170, f. 1A-D, 2A-C, 3A-C (mf).
Achaearanea tabulata Yin et al., 2012: 270, f. 94a-f (mf).
Parasteatoda tabulata Bink, 2014: 14, f. 2-5 (m).
Parasteatoda taiwanica Yoshida, 2015 | m f | Taiwan     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:047820]
Parasteatoda taiwanica Yoshida, 2015: 27, f. 5-13 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum (C. L. Koch, 1841) * | m f | South America. Introduced to Canada, USA, Europe, Seychelles, China, Japan, New Zealand, Hawaii     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006870]
Theridion pallidum Walckenaer, 1841: 321 (Df).
Theridion tepidariorum C. L. Koch, 1841a: 75, f. 646-648 (Dmf).
Theridion vulgare Hentz, 1850: 271, pl. 9, f. 1 (Df).
Steatoda tepidariorum Thorell, 1856: 108.
Theridion tepidariorum Blackwall, 1864a: 180, pl. 13, f. 114 (mf).
Theridion marmoreum Holmberg, 1876: 14 (Df).
Theridion tepidariorum Emerton, 1882: 13, pl. 2, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion tepidatorium Keyserling, 1884a: 9, pl. 1, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion varium Urquhart, 1886: 187, pl. 6, f. 3 (Dmf).
Theridion tepidariorum Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894: 35, pl. 1, f. 38 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Simon, 1894a: 536, f. 545 (m).
Theridion tepidariorum Becker, 1896: (2): 97, pl. 20, f. 3 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Tullgren, 1901a: 5, pl. 1, f. 1 (f).
Theridion tepidariorum Bösenberg, 1902: 96, pl. 8, f. 115 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Emerton, 1902: 111, f. 256-260 (mf).
Steatoda tepidariorum F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902a: 382, pl. 36, f. 1-2 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Kulczyński, 1905a: 561, pl. 14, f. 24 (m).
Theridion tepidariorum Engelhardt, 1910: 68, f. 21-23 (f).
Theridion tepidariorum Simon, 1914: 260, 296, f. 518 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Saito, 1933b: 42, pl. 2, f. 9.
Theridion tepidariorum Wiehle, 1937: 155, f. 91-94 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Comstock, 1940: 360, f. 342-343 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Nakatsudi, 1942a: 301, f. 30 (m).
Theridion tepidariorum Muma, 1943: 67, pl. XIII, f. 5-6 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 55 (S).
Theridion tepidariorum Denis, 1945a: 111, f. 2, 5 (m).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Archer, 1946: 38 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion tepidariorum Kaston, 1948: 103, f. 155-161 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 63, f. 43D, F (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Levi, 1955a: 32, f. 69-70, 83-84 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Saito, 1959: 72, f. 71a-j (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Abalos & Báez, 1963: 203, f. 16-19, 29-30 (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Lee, 1966: 28, f. 6e-h (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Abalos, 1967: 273, f. 12A (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Levi, 1967c: 178, f. 9-11 (mf).
Theridium tepidariorum Azheganova, 1968: 60, f. 116-117 (mf).
Theridium tepidariorum Tyschchenko, 1971: 150, f. 408, 432 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Miller, 1971: 192, pl. XXXIV, f. 22, pl. XXXV, f. 1 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Locket & Łuczak, 1974: 267, f. 1A, 2A, 5 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Locket, Millidge & Merrett, 1974: 52, f. 29A (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Martin, 1974b: 251, f. 1a, pl. I, f. 1, pl. II, f. 4, 6 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Palmgren, 1974b: 31, f. 7.11 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Levi & Randolph, 1975: 36, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 168 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Wozny, 1976: 217, f. 5b (f).
Theridion tepidariorum Song, 1980: 138, f. 74a-e (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roth, 1982: 47-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Heimer, 1982: 41, f. 6 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yin, Wang & Hu, 1983: 34, f. 5B (m).
Theridion tepidariorum Hu, 1984: 173, f. 181.1-2 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roth, 1985: B43-9, f. 52, 55 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roberts, 1985: 182, f. 81a (mf).
Theridion tepidariorum Guo, 1985: 99, f. 2-43.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Zhu & Shi, 1985: 98, f. 84a-d (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yaginuma, 1986a: 33, f. 19.1 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Song, 1987: 119, f. 80 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Zhang, 1987: 104, f. 84.1-4 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Hu & Wu, 1989: 118, f. 91.1-3 (mf).
Theridium tepidariorum Izmailova, 1989: 96, f. 75 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Chikuni, 1989b: 30, f. 1 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Feng, 1990: 112, f. 87.1-4 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Chen & Gao, 1990: 90, f. 113a-b (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Chen & Zhang, 1991: 139, f. 131.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 280, f. 753 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Knoflach, 1991: 61, f. 13, 18-19 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Song, Zhu & Li, 1993: 853, f. 2A-B (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Zhao, 1993: 203, f. 94a-d (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roth, 1994: 183, f. 55 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Dimitrov, 1994: 77, f. 2, 4 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roberts, 1995: 279, f. (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Agnarsson, 1996: 52, f. 35A-B (mf).
Theridium tepidariorum Mcheidze, 1997: 193, f. 393-393 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Song, Chen & Zhu, 1997: 1706, f. 4a-b (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Zhu, 1998: 105, f. 63A-E (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Roberts, 1998: 293, f. (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 12F, 43E-F, K-L (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yoshida, 2000b: 146, f. 28-31 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Hu, 2001: 556, f. 374.1-3 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 95, f. 45A-E (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Namkung, 2002: 82, f. 13.1a-c (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Kim & Cho, 2002: 299, f. 769-774 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yoo & Kim, 2002a: 26, f. 21 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 213, f. 2383-2384 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Namkung, 2003: 84, f. 13.1a-c (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Guryanova, 2003: 5, f. 2 (f).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yoshida, 2003a: 109, f. 274-277, 542, 579 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Knoflach, 2004: 218, f. 60g (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Agnarsson, 2004: 626, f. 10A-F, 11A-F (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Almquist, 2005: 54, f. 81a-i (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Saaristo, 2006: 70, f. 60-63 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Agnarsson, 2006b: 583, f. 56D (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 366, f. 109 (m).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Yoshida, 2009b: 380, f. 232-233 (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Paquin, Vink & Dupérré, 2010: 62, f. 34.11-12 (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Saaristo, 2010: 261, f. 37.102-106 (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Wunderlich, 2011: 236, f. 98 (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Le Peru, 2011: 434, f. 654 (mf).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 77, f. 41A-E (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 853, f. 140E (m).
Achaearanea tepidariorum Yin et al., 2012: 273, f. 95a-e, 3-13b-c (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Yoshida, 2015: 27, f. 1-4 (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Baba & Tanikawa, 2015: 24, 4 f. (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum Faúndez & Téllez, 2016: 85, f. 1-5 (mf).
Parasteatoda tepidariorum australis (Thorell, 1895) | f | Myanmar     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006871]
Theridium tepidariorum australe Thorell, 1895: 95 (Df).
Parasteatoda transipora (Zhu & Zhang, 1992) | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006875]
Theridion transiporum Zhu & Zhang, 1992: 27, f. 7A-C (Df).
Achaearanea transipora Zhu, 1998: 91, f. 52A-E (Tf from Theridion, Dm; N.B.: m may belong to P. cingulata, per Yin et al., 2012: 252).
Achaearanea transipora Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 95, f. 44A-D (mf).
Parasteatoda transipora Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda triangula (Yoshida, 1993) | m f | Singapore, Indonesia (Java, Bali)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006877]
Achaearanea triangula Yoshida, 1993b: 10, f. 4-10 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda triangula Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda valoka (Chrysanthus, 1975) | f | New Guinea, Papua New Guinea (New Britain)     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006883]
Achaearanea valoka Chrysanthus, 1975: 47, f. 172-173 (Df).
Achaearanea valoka Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 11-13 (f).
Parasteatoda valoka Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda vervoorti (Chrysanthus, 1975) | f | New Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006885]
Achaearanea vervoorti Chrysanthus, 1975: 45, f. 169-171 (Df).
Achaearanea vervoorti Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 109, f. 8-10, 26 (f, Dm).
Parasteatoda vervoorti Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tf from Achaearanea).
Parasteatoda wangi Jin & Zhang, 2013 | m f | China     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:046298]
Parasteatoda wangi Jin & Zhang, 2013c: 520, f. 1-11 (Dmf).
Parasteatoda wau (Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982) | m f | New Guinea     [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:006887]
Achaearanea wau Levi, Lubin & Robinson, 1982: 110, f. 14-19 (Dmf).
Achaearanea wau Agnarsson, 2004: 527, f. 12A-G (mf).
Parasteatoda wau Yoshida, 2008: 39 (Tmf from Achaearanea).
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