Taxon details


Carrhotus viduus (C. L. Koch, 1846)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2020-07-09
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:032634]
  • Distribution: Iran, India to China
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: National Zoological Collections, Zoological Survey of India (NZC-ZSI), Kolkata, India; f of Marpissa decorata (Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020)
  • Holotype: National Zoological Collections, Zoological Survey of India (NZC-ZSI), Kolkata, India; f of Marpissa tikaderi (Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020)
  • Holotype: National Zoological Collections, Zoological Survey of India (NZC-ZSI), Kolkata, India; f of Marpissa lakshmikantapurensis (Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020)
  • Paratype: National Zoological Collections, Zoological Survey of India (NZC-ZSI), Kolkata, India; 1f of Marpissa decorata (Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020)
  • Syntype: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB), Germany (database export of type material, March 2019); 2m (1699)
Taxonomic references
Plexippus viduus C. L. Koch, 1846: 104, f. 1166 (Dm).
Attus viduus Walckenaer, 1847a: 426.
Hyllus morgani Simon, 1885e: 437 (Dm).
Mogrus ornatus Simon, 1885e: 439 (Df).
Carrhotus viduus Thorell, 1891: 142.
Plexippus cumulatus Karsch, 1892: 301, pl. 12, f. 28 (Df).
Carrhotus viduus Workman & Workman, 1894: 14, f. 14 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Simon, 1903a: 707, f. 827-828 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Pocock, 1904: 804, pl. 66, f. 8.
Marpissa decorata Tikader, 1974b: 206, f. 4-6 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:034461].
Carrhotus viduus Andreeva, Kononenko & Prószyński, 1981: 103, f. 39-42 (mf, S).
Marpissa decorata Tikader & Biswas, 1981: 94, f. 171-172 (f).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 1984a: 16 (m).
Marpissa tikaderi Biswas, 1984a: 125, f. 14-16 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:034494].
Carrhotus viduus Song & Chai, 1991: 13, f. 1A-D (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 1992b: 169, f. 7 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Peng et al., 1993: 36, f. 75-83 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Jastrzebski, 1999: 4, f. 8-11 (m).
Carrhotus viduus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 507, f. 290I-J, 291A-B, 324Q (mf).
Marpissa lakshmikantapurensis Majumder, 2004c: 32, f. 11-15 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:040843].
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2009b: 158, f. 19-23 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński & Deeleman-Reinhold, 2010: 157, f. 25, 29 (mf).
Carrhotus viduus Yin et al., 2012: 1339, f. 724a-i (mf).
Plexippus gajbei Karthikeyani & Kannan, 2013: 43, f. 1a-c, images 1-2 (Df).
Marpissa decorata Sen et al., 2015: 34, f. 92-96, pl. 13 (f).
Marpissa decorata Roy, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2016: 8, f. 5A-E, 24C, 27A (f).
Carrhotus viduus Roy, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2016: 18, f. 14A-E, 25C, 27J (f).
Carrhotus viduus Caleb, 2016b: 273, f. 1-5 (mf, S of Plexippus gajbei).
Marpissa decorata Dhali, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2017: 31, f. 48-52, pl. 17 (f).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2017b: 15, f. 4D (m).
Carrhotus viduus Prószyński, 2018a: 26, f. 5J (m).
Carrhotus viduus Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020: 61, f. 57-73, 76-78, 80-82 (mf, S of Marpissa decorata, M. lakshmikantapurensis and M. tikaderi).
Carrhotus viduus Peng, 2020: 57, f. 21a-i (mf).
References

Andreeva, E. M., Kononenko, A. P. & Prószyński, J. (1981). Remarks on genus Mogrus Simon, 1882 (Aranei, Salticidae). Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 36: 85-104. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Biswas, B. (1984a). Description of six new species of spiders of the families Clubionidae, Gnaphosidae and Salticidae from India. Bulletin of the Zoological Survey of India 6: 119-127. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Caleb, J. T. D. (2016b). New data on the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) from India. Arthropoda Selecta 25(3): 271-277. doi:10.15298/arthsel.25.3.06 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Caleb, J. T. D., Bera, C. & Acharya, S. (2020). New species and synonymies in the genus Carrhotus Thorell, 1891 from India (Aranei: Salticidae: Salticini). Arthropoda Selecta 29(1): 51-66. doi:10.15298/arthsel.29.1.04 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dhali, D. C., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2017). Litter and ground dwelling spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) of reserve forests of Dooars, West Bengal. World Scientific News 63: 1-242. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Jastrzębski, P. (1999). Salticidae from the Himalaya: The genus Carrhotus Thorell 1891 (Araneae, Salticidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 79: 1-9. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Karsch, F. (1892). Arachniden von Ceylon und von Minikoy gesammelt von den Herren Doctoren P. und F. Sarasin. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 36: 267-310. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Karthikeyani, R. & Kannan, S. (2013). A new Plexippus spider from the western Ghats, Kumbakarai Falls, Theni District, Tamil Nadu, south India (Arachnida: Araneae: Salticidae). Indian Journal of Arachnology 2(2): 42-46. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1846). Die Arachniden. J. L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg, Dreizehnter Band, pp. 1-234, pl. 433-468 (f. 1078-1271); Vierzehnter Band, pp. 1-88, pl. 467-480 (f. 1272-1342). [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.43744 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Majumder, S. C. (2004c). Taxonomic studies of some spiders from mangrove and semi-mangrove areas of Sundarban. Memoirs of the Zoological Survey of India 20(2): 1-42. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Peng, X. J., Xie, L. P., Xiao, X. Q. & Yin, C. M. (1993). Salticids in China (Arachniuda: Araneae). Hunan Normal University Press, 270 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Peng, X. J. (2020). Fauna Sinica, Invertebrata 53, Arachnida: Araneae: Salticidae. Science Press, Beijing, 612 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pocock, R. I. (1904). Arachnida. In: Fauna and geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes. London 2, 797-805. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. (1984a). Atlas rysunków diagnostycznych mniej znanych Salticidae (Araneae). Zeszyty Naukowe Wyższej Szkoły Rolniczo-Pedagogicznej w Siedlcach 2: 1-177. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. (1992b). Salticidae (Araneae) of India in the collection of the Hungarian National Natural History Museum in Budapest. Annales Zoologici, Warszawa 44: 165-277. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. (2009b). Redescriptions of 16 species of Oriental Salticidae (Araneae) described by F. Karsch, E. Keyserling and C.L. Koch, with remarks on some related species. Arthropoda Selecta 18: 153-168. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. & Deeleman-Reinhold, C. L. (2010). Description of some Salticidae (Araneae) from the Malay Archipelago. I. Salticidae of the Lesser Sunda Islands, with comments on related species. Arthropoda Selecta 19: 153-188. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. (2017b). Pragmatic classification of the world's Salticidae (Araneae). Ecologica Montenegrina 12: 1-133. doi:10.37828/em.2017.12.1 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prószyński, J. (2018a). Review of the genus Hasarius (Araneae: Salticidae) - a taxonomic fiasco. Ecologica Montenegrina 16: 16-31. doi:10.37828/em.2018.16.2 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roy, T. K., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2016). A treatise on the jumping spiders (Araneae: Salticidae) of tea ecosystem of Dooars, West Bengal, India. World Scientific News 53(1): 1-66. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sen, S., Dhali, D. C., Saha, S. & Raychaudhuri, D. (2015). Spiders (Araneae: Arachnida) of Reserve Forests of Dooars: Gorumara National Park, Chapramari Wildlife Sanctuary and Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary. World Scientific News 20: 1-339. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1885e). Matériaux pour servir à la faune arachnologiques de l'Asie méridionale. III. Arachnides recueillis en 1884 dans la presqu'île de Malacca, par M. J. Morgan. IV. Arachnides recueillis à Collegal, district de Coimbatoore, par M. A. Theobald G. R. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 10: 436-462. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1903a). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Deuxième édition, tome second. Roret, Paris, pp. 669-1080. [second pdf with detailed publication dates of the single parts] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X. & Chai, J. Y. (1991). New species and new records of the family Salticidae from Hainan, China (Arachnida: Araneae). In: Qian, Y. W. et al. (ed.) Animal Science Research. China Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, pp. 13-30. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1891). Spindlar från Nikobarerna och andra delar af södra Asien. Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 24(2): 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tikader, B. K. (1974b). Studies on some jumping spiders of the genus Marpissa from India (family-Salticidae). Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Science 79(B): 204-215. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tikader, B. K. & Biswas, B. (1981). Spider fauna of Calcutta and vicinity: Part-I. Records of the Zoological Survey of India, Occasional Paper 30: 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1847a). Dernier Supplément. In: Walckenaer, C. A. & Gervais, P. (eds.) Histoire naturelles des Insects. Aptères. Tome quatrième. Roret, Paris, pp. 365-564. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.61095 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Workman, T. & Workman, M. E. (1894). Malaysian spiders. Belfast, pp. 9-24. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M., Peng, X. J., Yan, H. M., Bao, Y. H., Xu, X., Tang, G., Zhou, Q. S. & Liu, P. (2012). Fauna Hunan: Araneae in Hunan, China. Hunan Science and Technology Press, Changsha, 1590 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

* Disclaimer
As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

GBIF.org (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: https://www.gbif.org [1 September 2019]

Metzner, H. (2019). Jumping spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Salticidae) of the world. Online at https://www.jumping-spiders.com.

Prószyński, J. (2016). Monograph of Salticidae (Araneae) of the World 1995-2015. Part II. Global Species Database of Salticidae (Araneae). Version October 30th, 2016, online at http://www.salticidae.pl. download pdf

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2020-07-09 New taxonomic reference entry Peng, 2020 n/a
2020-03-30 Species distribution update Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020 n/a (Old value)
2020-03-30 Species synonymy Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020 Carrhotus lakshmikantapurensis synonymized with Carrhotus viduus
2020-03-30 Species synonymy Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020 Carrhotus tikaderi synonymized with Carrhotus viduus
2020-03-30 Species synonymy Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020 Carrhotus decorata synonymized with Carrhotus viduus
2020-03-30 New taxonomic reference entry Caleb, Bera & Acharya, 2020 n/a
2018-01-30 New taxonomic reference entry Prószyński, 2018a n/a
2017-09-11 New taxonomic reference entry Prószyński, 2017b n/a
2016-09-30 New taxonomic reference entry Roy, Saha & Raychaudhuri, 2016 n/a
2016-09-29 New taxonomic reference entry Caleb, 2016b n/a
2016-09-29 Species synonymy Caleb, 2016b Carrhotus gajbei synonymized with Carrhotus viduus