Taxon details

Gea heptagon (Hentz, 1850)

  • Rank: Species
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2015-11-05
  • LSID: []
  • Distribution: Pacific Is., Australia. Introduced to USA to Argentina
  • External Resources *:
Type deposit provide information
  • Syntype: Zoologisches Museum Hamburg (ZMH), Hamburg, Germany (data base search of type material, 11.02.2019); 2f (A0003412) of Ebaea praecincta L. Koch, 1872
  • Syntype: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB), Germany (database export of type material, March 2019); Ebaea praecincta L. Koch, 1872, (3358)
Taxonomic references
Epeira heptagon Hentz, 1850: 20 (Dmf).
Ebaea praecincta L. Koch, 1872a: 130, pl. 10, f. 2, 3 (Dmf).
Gea heptagon Keyserling, 1892: 76, pl. 3, f. 58 (f).
Gea heptagon McCook, 1894: 208, pl. 12, f 8 (f).
Gea praecincta Simon, 1895a: 765, f. 844.
Gea praedicta O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898a: 267, pl. 37, f. 11 (Dm).
Gea heptagon Tullgren, 1901a: 9, pl. 1, f. 5 (f).
Gea heptagon Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 243, f. 93-96 (mf).
Gea heptagon nigra Petrunkevitch, 1930a: 245, f. 97-100 (Df).
Gea ergaster Chamberlin & Ivie, 1944: 104 (S, rejected).
Gea heptagon Levi & Field, 1954: 448, f. 24-25, 27 (mf).
Gea heptagon Levi, 1968a: 324, f. 1-24 (mf, S).
Gea heptagon Levi, 1983: 322, f. 334-335, 338-344 (mf, S).
Gea heptagon Coddington, 1990: 14, f. 66 (m).
Gea heptagon Breene et al., 1993: 101, f. 146A-C (mf).
Gea heptagon Levi, 2002: 553, f. 241-242 (m).
Gea heptagon Dondale et al., 2003: 151, f. 314-322 (mf).
Gea heptagon Levi, 2004: 49, f. 1-8 (mf).
Gea heptagon Víquez, 2007: 386, f. 4a-c (mf).
Gea heptagon Corronca & Rodríguez Artigas, 2015: 151, f. 1g-k (m).

Breene, R. G., Dean, D. A., Nyffeler, M. & Edwards, G. B. (1993). Biology, Predation Ecology, and Significance of Spiders in Texas Cotton Ecosystems with a Key to Species. Texas Agriculture Experiment Station, College Station, 115 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, R. V. & Ivie, W. (1944). Spiders of the Georgia region of North America. Bulletin of the University of Utah 35(9): 1-267. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Coddington, J. A. (1990). Ontogeny and homology in the male palpus of orb-weaving spiders and their relatives, with comments on phylogeny (Araneoclada: Araneoidea, Deinopoidea). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 496: 1-52. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Corronca, J. A. & Rodríguez Artigas, S. M. (2015). Presence of Gea heptagon (Hentz) and new records of Argiope from Argentina with the description of a new species Argiope kaingang (Araneae: Araneidae). Pakistan Journal of Zoology 47(1): 147-152. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dondale, C. D., Redner, J. H., Paquin, P. & Levi, H. W. (2003). The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 23. The orb-weaving spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Uloboridae, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae, Theridiosomatidae). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 371 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hentz, N. M. (1850). Descriptions and figures of the araneides of the United States. Boston Journal of Natural History 6: 18-35, 271-295. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1892). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg 4, 1-208. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.64832 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, L. (1872a). Die Arachniden Australiens, nach der Natur beschrieben und abgebildet [Erster Theil, Lieferung 3-7]. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg, 105-368, pl. 8-28. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.121660 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. & Field, H. M. (1954). The spiders of Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 51: 440-467. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1968a). The spider genera Gea and Argiope in America (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 136: 319-352. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1983). The orb-weaver genera Argiope, Gea, and Neogea from the western Pacific region (Araneae: Araneidae, Argiopinae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 150: 247-338. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (2002). Keys to the genera of araneid orbweavers (Araneae, Araneidae) of the Americas. Journal of Arachnology 30: 527-562. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (2004). Comments and new records for the American genera Gea and Argiope with the description of new species (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 158: 47-65. download pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1894). American spiders and their spinningwork. Philadelphia 3, 1-285. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1930a). The spiders of Porto Rico. Part two. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 30: 159-356. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1898a). Arachnida. Araneida. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 1, 233-288. [for the exact dates see Lyal, 2011] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1895a). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Deuxième édition, tome premier. Roret, Paris, pp. 761-1084. [second pdf with detailed publication dates of the single parts] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.51973 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1901a). On the spiders collected in Florida by Dr. Einar Lönnberg 1892–93. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 27(IV, 1): 1-29, 1 pl. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Víquez, C. (2007). First record of Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål) from Costa Rica, with notes on some related species (Araneae: Araneidae). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 40: 385-388. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database. (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: [1 September 2019]

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2015-11-05 New taxonomic reference entry Corronca & Rodríguez Artigas, 2015 n/a