Taxon details


Zygiella x-notata (Clerck, 1757)

Rank: Species | Status: accepted | Described: m f | LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:017187]
Last updated: 2017-08-27

Distribution: Europe, Turkey, Caucasus. Introduced to North America, Chile, Uruguay, Argentina, China, Japan, Réunion External Resources *: araneae - Spiders of Europe |

Taxonomic references
Araneus x-notatus Clerck, 1757: 46, pl. 2, f. 5 (Df).
Aranea litterata Olivier, 1789: 206 (D).
Aranea calophylla Walckenaer, 1802: 200 (Dmf).
Epeira calophylla Sundevall, 1833a: 252.
Zilla calophylla C. L. Koch, 1839a: 148, f. 538-539 (mf).
Epeira similis Blackwall, 1844: 186 (Dmf).
Zilla x-notata Thorell, 1856: 26 (D).
Epeira similis Blackwall, 1864a: 337, pl. 25, f. 244.
Epeira calophylla Blackwall, 1864a: 338, pl. 25, f. 245 (mf).
Zilla calophylla Menge, 1866: 76, pl. 12, f. 19 (Dmf).
Zygia calophylla Ohlert, 1867: 30.
Zilla bösenbergi Keyserling, 1878a: 575, pl. 14, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Zilla x-notata Hansen, 1882: 23, pl. 1, f. 39 (mf).
Zilla x-notata Emerton, 1884: 324, pl. 11, f. 2, pl. 34, f. 13, pl. 37, f. 24-25, 27 (mf).
Zilla x-notata Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 137, pl. 5, f. 35 (mf).
Zilla x-notata F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1892: 395, pl. 21, f. 8 (mf).
Zilla boesenbergi Keyserling, 1893: 297, pl. 15, f. 220 (mf).
Zilla x-notata McCook, 1894: 237, pl. 18, f. 1-2 (mf).
Zilla x-notata Becker, 1896: 53, pl. 11, f. 1 (mf).
Zilla californica Banks, 1896b: 90 (Df).
Zilla x-notata Bösenberg, 1901: 45, pl. 3, f. 35 (mf).
Zilla x-notata Emerton, 1902: 185, f. 435 (m).
Zilla x-notata chelata Franganillo, 1909: 189 (Dmf).
Zilla x-notata percechelata Franganillo, 1909: 189 (Dm).
Zilla x-notata Engelhardt, 1910: 42, f. 4 (f).
Zilla x-notata chelata Franganillo, 1910: 17, f. 7 (mf).
Zilla x-notata percechelata Franganillo, 1910: 17 (m).
Araneus x-notatus Lessert, 1910b: 340.
Araneus californicus Petrunkevitch, 1911: 283.
Araneus boesenbergi Petrunkevitch, 1911: 283.
Zilla gigans Franganillo, 1913: 128 (Df).
Pseudometa biologica Chamberlin, 1925d: 217 (Df).
Zygiella x-notata Simon, 1929: 663, 665, 754, f. 1018, 1028 (mf).
Zilla litterata Wiehle, 1931: 30, f. 33-37 (mf).
Zilla x-notata Comstock, 1940: 474, f. 471b, 472b (mf).
Zygiella boesenbergi Roewer, 1942a: 887.
Zygiella californica Roewer, 1942a: 887.
Zilla litterata Drensky, 1943: 228, f. 10 (mf).
Zygiella litterata Kaston, 1948: 243, f. 747, 767-769 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Chrysanthus, 1949b: 350, f. 1 (f).
Larinia maulliniana Mello-Leitão, 1951: 331, f. 5-6 (Dm).
Zygiella x-notata Locket & Millidge, 1953: 159, f. 108A, C, 109B (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Gertsch, 1964a: 12, f. 15-17 (mf, S).
Zygiella x-notata Mackie, 1967: 439, f. 1-2, 4-5 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Tyschchenko, 1971: 191, f. 557 (f).
Zygiella x-notata Miller, 1971: 204, pl. XXXVII, f. 15 (f).
Zygiella x-notata Loksa, 1972: 107, f. 97D-F (mf).
Enoplognatha gigans Levi, 1974a: 271 (Tf from Zilla, nomen dubium, but see Bosmans & Van Keer, 1999: 211).
Zygiella x-notata Levi, 1974a: 276, f. 21-31, 57-58 (mf, S).
Zygiella x-notata Levi, 1980a: 16 (S).
Zygiella x-notata Roberts, 1985: 220, f. 99c (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 66, f. 143 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Roberts, 1995: 334, f. (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 323, f. 5C-D (m).
Zygiella x-notata Agnarsson, 1996: 66, f. 54A-C (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Bellmann, 1997: 100, f. (f).
Zygiella x-notata Roberts, 1998: 346, f. (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Méndez, 1998: 145 (S).
Zygiella x-notata Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 229, f. 130D-E (m).
Zygiella x-notata Levi, 2001: 473, f. 124-131 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Levi, 2002: 545, f. 171-174, 215 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Dondale et al., 2003: 300, f. 704-710 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Tanikawa, 2004c: 61, f. 1-4 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Almquist, 2005: 181, f. 186a-f (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Tanikawa, 2007c: 55, f. 81-82, 481-482 (mf).
Zygiella x-notata Türkes & Mergen, 2008: 300, f. 4 (f).
Zygiella x-notata Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 852, f. 139F (m).
Zygiella x-notata Breitling et al., 2016b: 56 (S of Zygiella x-notata chelata and Zygiella x-notata parcechelata).
Zygiella x-notata Breitling et al., 2016b: 57 (S of Zygiella gigans confirmed).
Zygiella x-notata Cazanove, 2017: 23, 2-4 (f).
References

Agnarsson, I. (1996). Íslenskar köngulaer. Fjölrit Náttúrufraedistofnunar 31: 1-175. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Álvarez-Padilla, F. & Hormiga, G. (2011). Morphological and phylogenetic atlas of the orb-weaving spider family Tetragnathidae (Araneae: Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162: 713-879. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1896b). New Californian spiders. Journal of The New York Entomological Society 4: 88-91. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bellmann, H. (1997). Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. Frankh-Kosmos, Stuttgart, 304 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1844). Descriptions of some newly discovered species of Araneida. Annals and Magazine of Natural History 13: 179-188. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1864a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Ray Society, London 2, 175-384. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1901). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. I. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(1): 1-96. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breitling, R., Bauer, T., Schäfer, M., Morano, E., Barrientos, J. A. & Blick, T. (2016b). Phantom spiders 2: More notes on dubious spider species from Europe. Arachnologische Mitteilungen/Arachnology Letters 52: 50-77. doi:10.5431/aramit5209 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Cazanove, G. (2017). Découverte de Zygiella x-notata (Araneae, Araneidae) sur l'île de La Réunion (Océan Indien). Revue Arachnologique 2 4: 22-25. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, R. V. (1925d). Diagnoses of new American Arachnida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 67: 209-248. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chrysanthus, P. (1949b). Paringsbiologie bij spinnen. In: In het Voetspoor van Thijsse. H. Veenman, Wageningen, pp. 349-359. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Clerck, C. (1757). Svenska spindlar, uti sina hufvud-slågter indelte samt under några och sextio särskildte arter beskrefne och med illuminerade figurer uplyste. Stockholmiae, 154 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1940). The spider book, revised and edited by W. J. Gertsch. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, xi + 727 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dondale, C. D., Redner, J. H., Paquin, P. & Levi, H. W. (2003). The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 23. The orb-weaving spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Uloboridae, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae, Theridiosomatidae). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 371 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Drensky, P. (1943). Die Spinnenfauna Bulgariens. VI. Unterordnung Arachnomorphae, II Gruppe Trionichia, Familie Euetrioidae. Bulletin des Institutions Royales d'Histoire Naturelle à Sophia 16: 219-254. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Emerton, J. H. (1884). New England spiders of the family Epeiridae. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 6: 295-342. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Emerton, J. H. (1902). The common spiders of the United States. Boston, pp. 1-225. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Engelhardt, V. v. (1910). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der weiblichen Copulationsorgane einiger Spinnen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 96: 32-117. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Franganillo B., P. (1913). Arácnidos de Asturias y Galicia. Brotéria (Ser. Zool.) 11: 119-133. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Franganillo B., P. (1909). Arañas de la familia de los argiópidos observadas junto á la desembocadura del Miño. Actas y Memories des Primer Congreso de Naturalistas Espanoles 1: 185-189. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Franganillo B., P. (1910). Arañas de la desembocadura del Miño. Brotéria (Ser. Zool.) 9: 5-22. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gertsch, W. J. (1964a). The spider genus Zygiella in North America (Araneae, Argiopidae). American Museum Novitates 2188: 1-21. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H. J. (1882). Spindeldyr. In: Schiödte, J. C. (ed.) Zoologia Danica. Kjöbenhavn 3, 1-81, I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hormiga, G., Eberhard, W. G. & Coddington, J. A. (1995). Web-construction behaviour in Australian Phonognatha and the phylogeny of nephiline and tetragnathid spiders (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 313-364. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1948). Spiders of Connecticut. Bulletin of the Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey 70: 1-874. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1878a). Spinnen aus Uruguay und einigen anderen Gegenden Amerikas. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 27: 571-624. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1893). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Epeiridae. Nürnberg 4, 209-377. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1839a). Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, Funfter Band, pp. 125-158, Sechster Band, pp. 1-156, Siebenter Band, pp. 1-106. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lessert, R. (1910b). Catalogue des invertebres de la Suisse. Fasc. 3, Araignées. Musée d'histoire naturelle de Genève, pp. 1-635. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1974a). The orb-weaver genus Zygiella (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 146: 267-290. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1980a). The orb-weaver genus Mecynogea, the subfamily Metinae and the genera Pachygnatha, Glenognatha and Azilia of the subfamily Tetragnathinae north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 149: 1-74. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (2001). The orbweavers of the genera Molinaranea and Nicolepeira, a new species of Parawixia, and comments on orb weavers of temperate South America (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College 155: 445-475. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (2002). Keys to the genera of araneid orbweavers (Araneae, Araneidae) of the Americas. Journal of Arachnology 30: 527-562. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1953). British spiders. Ray Society, London 1, 1-449. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Loksa, I. (1972). Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 1-112. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mackie, D. W. (1967). How to begin the study of spiders. Countryside (n.s.) 20: 438-443. upload pdf -- Show included taxa

McCook, H. C. (1894). American spiders and their spinningwork. Philadelphia 3, 1-285. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mello-Leitão, C. F. de (1951). Arañas de Maullin, colectadas por el ingeniero Rafael Barros V. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 51-53: 327-338. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Méndez, M. (1998). Sobre algunos Araneidae y Tetragnathidae (Araneae) del Parque Nacional de la Montaña de Covadonga (NO España). Boletín de la Asociación Española de Entomología 22: 139-148. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1866). Preussische Spinnen. Erste Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N.F.) 1: 1-152. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ohlert, E. (1867). Die Araneiden oder echten Spinnen der Provinz Preussen. Leipzig, pp. 1-172. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Olivier G., A. (1789). Araignée, Aranea. Encyclopédie Méthodique, Histoire Naturelle, Insectes, Paris 4: 173-240. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1911). A synonymic index-catalogue of spiders of North, Central and South America with all adjacent islands, Greenland, Bermuda, West Indies, Terra del Fuego, Galapagos, etc. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 29: 1-791. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1892). New and obscure British spiders. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (6) 10: 384-397. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C. F. (1942a). Katalog der Araneae von 1758 bis 1940. Bremen 1, 1-1040. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1929). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 3e partie. Roret, Paris, 533-772. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The Spiders of China. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sundevall, C. J. (1833a). Svenska spindlarnes beskrifning. Fortsättning och slut. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1832: 172-272. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanikawa, A. (2004c). The first record of Xygiella x-notata (Araneae: Araneidae) from Japan. Acta Arachnologica 53: 61-62. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanikawa, A. (2007c). An identification guide to the Japanese spiders of the families Araneidae, Nephilidae and Tetragnathidae. Arachnological Society of Japan, 121 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1856). Recensio critica aranearum suecicarum quas descripserunt Clerckius, Linnaeus, de Geerus. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (3) 2(1): 61-176. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Türkeş, T. & Mergen, O. (2008). The orb-web weavers spiders [sic] fauna of the central Anatolian region in Turkey with three new records for Turkey (Araneae, Araneidae). Munis Entomology and Zoology 3: 295-302. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, pp. 1-281. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1802). Faune parisienne. Insectes. ou Histoire abrégée des insectes de environs de Paris. Paris 2, 187-250. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1931). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. 27. Familie. Araneidae. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 23: 47-136. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.unibe.ch. Version 11.2016.

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2017-08-27 New taxonomic reference entry Cazanove, 2017 n/a
2017-08-27 Species distribution update Cazanove, 2017 n/a (Old value)
2016-10-08 Taxonomic reference added from other taxon Breitling et al., 2016b n/a (Old value)
2016-10-07 Species synonymy Breitling et al., 2016b Zygiella x-notata percechelata synonymized with Zygiella x-notata
2016-10-07 New taxonomic reference entry Breitling et al., 2016b n/a
2016-10-07 Species synonymy Breitling et al., 2016b Zygiella x-notata chelata synonymized with Zygiella x-notata