Taxon details

Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank, 1781)

  • Rank: Species
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2024-04-06
  • LSID: []
  • Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Egypt. Introduced to Canada, USA
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: Zoological Museum of Moscow University (ZMMU), Moscow, Russia; m of Pholcus donensis (Huber, 2011b)
  • Holotype: Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Verona (MSNVR/MCSN), Italy; f of Pholcus osellai (Huber, 2011b)
  • Paratype: Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig (ZFMK), Bonn, Germany; 3m 3f (Ar05391-05393) of Pholcus donensis [N.B.: ex coll. Ponomarev] (Huber, 2011b)
  • Paratype: Zoological Museum of Moscow University (ZMMU), Moscow, Russia; 2m 2f of Pholcus donensis (Ponomarev, 2005)
  • Paratype: Aleksandr V. Ponomarev Private Collection, Rostov-on-Don, Russia; 5m 7f of Pholcus donensis [N.B.: originally 8m 10f, 3m 3f given to Bonn Museum) (Ponomarev, 2005)
  • Syntype: ; (most probably lost) (Huber, 2011b)
  • Syntype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; jj (not found) of Pholcus grossipalpus (Huber, 2011b)
Taxonomic references
Aranea opilionoides Schrank, 1781: 530 (D).
Pholcus phalangioides Hahn, 1834: 34, f. 119 (f; misidentified per Simon, 1874a: 259).
Pholcus opilionoides Simon, 1866a: 120, pl. 2, f. 1-6 (Dmf).
Pholcus grossipalpus Simon, 1866a: 121, pl. 2, f. 10 (Dm) [].
Pholcus opilionoides Simon, 1874a: 259 (S of Pholcus grossipalpus).
Pholcus opilionoides Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 149, pl. 6, f. 20 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Bösenberg, 1902: 219, pl. 19, f. 210 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Kulczyński, 1913a: 20, pl. 1, f. 3-4 (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Simon, 1914: 237, 243, f. 489-491 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Spassky, 1925: 26, f. 39 (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Wiehle, 1953: 39, f. 93-99 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Muller, 1967b: 130, f. 3-4 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Loksa, 1969: 71, f. 47A, 48C-D (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Miller, 1971: 58, pl. II, f. 19-20 (f).
Pholcus osellai Brignoli, 1971i: 35, f. 1-3 (Df) [].
Pholcus opilionoides Maughan & Fitch, 1976: 306, f. 3a (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Kaston, 1977: 6 (S of Pholcus manueli; rejected by Senglet, 2001: 62)..
Pholcus opilionoides Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 40, f. 82 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Roberts, 1995: 99, f. (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Huber, 1995c: 291, f. 1B, 3A-B, 5A-B, 10B (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Roberts, 1998: 101, f. (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Senglet, 2001: 63, f. 39-45, 57 (mf, S of Pholcus osellai).
Pholcus opilionoides Van Keer & Van Keer, 2004: 80, f. 3a-b (mf).
Pholcus donensis Ponomarev, 2005: 44, f. 1c-d, 2a-e (Dmf) [].
Pholcus opilionoides Cutler, 2007: 129, f. 1B, D (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Zhang & Zhu, 2009a: 59, f. 31A-C (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Le Peru, 2011: 156, f. 195 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 50, f. 22A-E (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Huber, 2011b: 323, f. 1522-1523, 1545-1546, 1586-1589, 2189-2191 (mf, S of Pholcus donensis).
Pholcus opilionoides Fedoriak & Moscaliuc, 2013: 150, f. 1B, 2B, 3B, D (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Fedoriak, 2015: 106, f. 2.6.4B, 2.6.5B, 2.6.6B, D (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides El-Hennawy, 2017a: 176, f. 4-5 (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Breitling, 2020: 353, f. 26G (m).
Pholcus opilionoides Pinzon, Kent & Bennett, 2022: 53, f. 1-6 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Kovács & Szinetár, 2022: 49, f. 1-3 (mf).
Pholcus opilionoides Brousseau & Dupuis, 2022: 96, f. 1-2 (f).

Bösenberg, W. (1902). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. II-IV. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(2-4): 97-384, pl. 9-36. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breitling, R. (2020). South European spiders from the Duffey collection in the Manchester Museum (Arachnida: Araneae). Arachnology 18(4): 333-362. doi:10.13156/arac.2020.18.4.333 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1971i). Un nuovo Pholcus europeo (Araneae, Pholcidae). Memorie del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona 19: 35-38. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brousseau, P.-M. & Dupuis, M. E. (2022). Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank 1781); une nouvelle espèce de Pholcidae pour le Québec (Araneae: Pholcidae). Hutchinsonia 2: 95-97. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Cutler, B. (2007). The identity of the small, widespread, synanthropic Pholcus (Araneae, Pholcidae) species in the northeastern United States. Transactions of the Kansas Academy of Science 110: 129-131. download pdf -- Show included taxa

El-Hennawy, H. K. (2017a). A list of Egyptian spiders (revised in 2017). Serket 15(4): 167-183. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fedoriak, M. & Moscaliuc, L. A. (2013). The catalogue of "Alexandru Roşca" spider collection from the "Grigore Antipa" National Museum of Natural History (Bucharest). II. Mimetidae, Oxyopidae, Pholcidae, Pisauridae, Theridiidae. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” 56(2): 143-156. doi:10.2478/travmu-2013-0011 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fedoriak, M. M. (2015). Scientific heritage of Aleksandru Roshka as а basis for retrospective analysis of araneofauna of Bukovyna. Edited by Prof., Dr. S. S. Rudenko. Druk Art, Chernivtsi, 1-175. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1834). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zweiter Band, pp. 17-56, pl. 48-56 (f. 106-143). [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] doi:10.5962/bhl.title.43744 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Huber, B. A. (1995c). Copulatory mechanism in Holocnemus pluchei and Pholcus opilionoides, with notes on male cheliceral apophyses and stridulatory organs in Pholcidae (Araneae). Acta Zoologica, Stockholm 76(4): 291-300. doi:10.1111/j.1463-6395.1995.tb01001.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Huber, B. A. (2011b). Revision and cladistic analysis of Pholcus and closely related taxa (Araneae, Pholcidae). Bonner Zoologische Monographien 58: 1-509. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1977). Supplement to the spiders of Connecticut. Journal of Arachnology 4: 1-72. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kovács, G. & Szinetár, C. (2022). Adatok a kis álkaszáspók (Pholcus opilionoides [Schrank, 1781]) biológiájához (Araneae: Pholcidae) [Data on the biology of Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank, 1781) (Araneae: Pholcidae)]. Biológia Savaria Természettudományi és Sporttudományi Közlemények 20: 49-67. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kulczyński, W. (1913a). Arachnoidea. In: Velitchkovsky, V. (ed.) Faune du district de Walouyki du gouvernement de Woronège (Russie). Cracovie 10, 1-30. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Le Peru, B. (2011). The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Loksa, I. (1969). Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Maughan, O. E. & Fitch, H. S. (1976). A new pholcid spider from northeastern Kansas (Arachnida: Araneida). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 49: 304-312. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Muller, L. (1967b). Les pholcides dans le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Archives de l'Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg 32: 129-133. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pinzon, J., Kent, K. & Bennett, R. (2022). First record of Pholcus opilionoides (Schrank) (Araneae: Pholcidae) in Canada, with notes on its biology. Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia 118(2021): 53-56. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ponomarev, A. V. (2005). New and interesting finds of spiders (Aranei) in the southeast of Europe. Vestnik Yuzhnogo Nauchnogo Tsentra Rossijskaja Akademija Nauk, Rostov 1(4): 43-50. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schrank, F. von P. (1781). Enumeratio insectorum austriae indigenorum. Vidvam Eberhardi Klett et Franck, Augustae Vindelicorum [= Eberhard Klett und Franck, Augsburg], 552 pp. (Araneae, pp. 526-534). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Senglet, A. (2001). Copulatory mechanisms in Hoplopholcus, Stygopholcus (revalidated), Pholcus, Spermophora and Spermophorides (Araneae, Pholcidae), with additional faunistic and taxonomic data. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 74(1-2): 43-67. doi:10.5169/seals-402796 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1866a). Monographie des espèces européennes du genre Pholcus. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (4) 6: 117-124, pl. 2. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1914). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 1re partie. Roret, Paris, pp. 1-308. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1874a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 1, 1-272. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Spassky, S. A. (1925). [An identification book of spiders of Don area]. Znanie Press, Novocherkassk, 62 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Van Keer, K. & Van Keer, J. (2004). In België aangetroffen exoten (Araneae) uit de collectie J. Van Keer. Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 18(2-3, 2003): 78-83. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1953). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae) IX: Orthognatha-Cribellatae-Haplogynae-Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhang, F. & Zhu, M. S. (2009a). A review of the genus Pholcus (Araneae: Pholcidae) from China. Zootaxa 2037: 1-114. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.2037.1.1 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. & Zhang, B. S. (2011). Spider Fauna of Henan: Arachnida: Araneae. Science Press, Beijing, 558 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

* Disclaimer
As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database. (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2023-12-05 New taxonomic reference entry Kaston, 1977 n/a
2023-12-05 Taxonomic reference added from other taxon n/a (Old value)
2022-09-19 New taxonomic reference entry Brousseau & Dupuis, 2022 n/a
2022-07-11 Species distribution update Zamani, Nadolny & Dolejš, 2022 n/a (Old value)
2022-05-30 New taxonomic reference entry Kovács & Szinetár, 2022 n/a
2022-02-07 New taxonomic reference entry Pinzon, Kent & Bennett, 2022 n/a
2022-02-07 Species distribution update Pinzon, Kent & Bennett, 2022 n/a (Old value)
2020-03-24 New taxonomic reference entry Breitling, 2020 n/a
2017-11-02 New taxonomic reference entry El-Hennawy, 2017a n/a
2017-11-02 Species distribution update El-Hennawy, 2017a n/a (Old value)
2015-12-23 New taxonomic reference entry Fedoriak, 2015 n/a
2015-09-22 Taxonomic reference assigned to new taxon Huber, 2011b Taxonomic reference entry assigned to Pholcus manueli Gertsch, 1937
2015-03-24 New taxonomic reference entry Fedoriak & Moscaliuc, 2013 n/a