Taxon details

Brigittea civica (Lucas, 1848)

  • Rank: Species
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2023-03-18
  • LSID: []
  • Distribution: Europe, North Africa, Turkey. Introduced to North America, South Africa
Type deposit: provide information
Taxonomic references
Theridion civicum Lucas, 1848: 124 (Dmf).
Theridion civicum Lucas, 1850a: 181, pl. 6, f. 5 (mf).
Eucharium civile Simon, 1864: 168.
Dictyna civica Simon, 1874a: 189 (T from Theridion).
Dictyna frutetorum Simon, 1885f: 32 (Dm).
Dictyna civica Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 157, pl. 6, f. 28 (mf).
Dictyna civica Becker, 1896: 219, pl. 14, f. 5 (mf).
Dictyna civica Simon, 1914: 55, 57, 64, f. 111, 119 (mf).
Dictyna civica Schenkel, 1927b: 234, f. 1 (f).
Dictyna civica Drensky, 1940: 183, f. 18 (mf).
Dictyna civica Wiehle, 1953: 94, f. 204-210 (mf).
Dictyna civica Billaudelle, 1957: 475, f. 10, 20-25 (mf).
Brigittea civica Lehtinen, 1967: 219 (Tmf from Dictyna).
Dictyna civica Loksa, 1969: 43, f. 26G, 28A-B, 32D-E (mf).
Brigittea civica Miller & Svatoň, 1978: 9, pl. IV, f. 7-10, pl. V, f. 1 (mf).
Dictyna civica Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 376, f. 982 (mf).
Dictyna civica Roberts, 1995: 85, f. (mf).
Dictyna civica Melic, 1995a: 9, f. 1-4 (mf).
Dictyna civica Roberts, 1998: 87, f. (mf).
Dictyna civica Thaler, 2005: 163, f. 5-6, 8 (f).
Brigittea civica Marusik, Esyunin & Tuneva, 2015: 136 (Tmf from Dictyna).
Brigittea civica Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017: 10, f. 2 (f).
Brigittea civica Dippenaar-Schoeman et al., 2020n: 8, p. 7: 2 f., p. 8: 4 f. (f, m habitus).

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Billaudelle, H. (1957). Zur Biologie de Mauerspinne Dictyna civica (H. Luc.) (Dictynidae, Araneida). Zeitschrift für Angewandte Entomologie 41(4): 475-512. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0418.1957.tb01310.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dippenaar-Schoeman, A. S., Haddad, C. R., Foord, S. H. & Lotz, L. N. (2020n). The Dictynidae of South Africa. Version 1. South African National Survey of Arachnida Photo Identification Guide, Irene, 14 pp. doi:10.5281/zenodo.6159874 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Drensky, P. (1940). Die Spinnenfauna Bulgariens IV. Mitteilungen aus den Königlichen Naturwissenschaftlichen Instituten in Sofia 13: 169-194. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lehtinen, P. T. (1967). Classification of the cribellate spiders and some allied families, with notes on the evolution of the suborder Araneomorpha. Annales Zoologici Fennici 4: 199-468. [second pdf: index and outline by V. D. Roth (unpubl.)] download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Loksa, I. (1969). Araneae I. Fauna Hungariae 97: 1-133. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1850a). Description et figure d'une nouvelle espece d'araneide, appartenant au genre Theridion. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (2) 8: 179-184. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1848). Description et figure d'une nouvelle espèce d'Aranéide, appartenant au genre Theridion (T. civicum). Revue Zoologique, par la Société Cuvierienne 1848: 124-125. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Marusik, Y. M., Esyunin, S. L. & Tuneva, T. K. (2015). A survey of Palaearctic Dictynidae (Araneae). 1. Taxonomic notes on Dictynomorpha Spassky, 1939, Brigittea Lehtinen, 1967 and Lathys Simon, 1884. Zootaxa 3925(1): 129-144. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3925.1.9 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Melic, A. (1995a). Aracnophobia en Zaragoza. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomologica Aragonesa 10: 7-11. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. & Svatoň, J. (1978). Einige seltene und bisher unbekannte Spinnenarten aus der Slowakei. Annotationes Zoologicae et Botanicae Bratislava 126: 1-19. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schenkel, E. (1927b). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der schweizerischen Spinnenfauna. III. Teil. Spinnen von Saas-Fee. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 34: 221-267. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1864). Histoire naturelle des araignées (aranéides). Paris, 540 pp. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.47654 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1874a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 1, 1-272. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1885f). Etudes sur les Arachnides recueillis en Tunisie en 1883 et 1884 par MM. A. Letourneux, M. Sédillot et Valéry Mayet, membres de la mission de l'Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie. In: Exploration scientifique de la Tunisie, publiée sous les auspices du Ministère de l'instruction publique. Zoologie – Arachnides. Paris, 55 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1914). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 1re partie. Roret, Paris, pp. 1-308. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thaler, K. (2005). Fragmenta faunistica Tirolensia - XVII (Arachnida: Araneae; Insecta: Psocoptera, Strepsiptera, Megaloptera, Neuroptera, Raphidioptera, Mecoptera, Siphonaptera, Diptera: Mycetophiloidea). Veröffentlichungen des Tiroler Landesmuseums Ferdinandeum 84: 161-180. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1953). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae) IX: Orthognatha-Cribellatae-Haplogynae-Entelegynae (Pholcidae, Zodariidae, Oxyopidae, Mimetidae, Nesticidae). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 42: 1-150. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zamani, A. & Mozaffarian, F. (2017). Further spider (Arachnida: Araneae) material deposited in the Agricultural Zoology Museum of Iran (AZMI), Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 54: 8-20. doi:10.5431/aramit5403 download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database. (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2023-03-18 New taxonomic reference entry Lucas, 1848 n/a
2023-03-18 Species updated Lucas, 1848 Error corrected (Old value)
2022-07-11 Species distribution update Zamani, Nadolny & Dolejš, 2022 n/a (Old value)
2022-06-27 New taxonomic reference entry Dippenaar-Schoeman et al., 2020n n/a
2022-06-27 Species distribution update Dippenaar-Schoeman et al., 2020n n/a (Old value)
2017-07-20 New taxonomic reference entry Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017 n/a
2017-07-20 Species distribution update Zamani & Mozaffarian, 2017 n/a (Old value)
2015-03-30 New taxonomic reference entry Marusik, Esyunin & Tuneva, 2015 n/a
2015-03-30 Species transferred to new genus Marusik, Esyunin & Tuneva, 2015 Species transferred from Dictyna to Brigittea