Taxon details

Triaeris stenaspis Simon, 1892

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: f
  • Last updated: 2020-06-22
  • LSID: []
  • Distribution: Africa. Introduced to North, Central, South America, Caribbean, Europe, Iran, Taiwan, Australia, Pacific Is.
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: Museum of Comparative Zoology (MCZ), Harvard University, Cambridge, USA; f of Triaeris patellaris (Brescovit et al., 2019b)
  • Holotype: Musée Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren (MRAC), Belgium; f of Triaeris berlandi (Brescovit et al., 2019b)
  • Holotype: Bernice P. Bishop Museum (BPBM), Honolulu, USA; f of Triaeris lepus (Brescovit et al., 2019b)
  • Syntype: Muséum national d'histoire naturelle (MNHN), Paris, France; 1f (Brescovit et al., 2019b)
  • Syntype: British Museum of Natural History (BMNH)/Natural History Museum (NHMUK), London, UK; ff (Brescovit et al., 2019b)
Taxonomic references
Triaeris stenaspis Simon, 1892e: 561 (Df).
Triaeris stenaspis Jackson, 1909: 419, pl. 10, f. 12 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1910: 100, pl. A, f. 1-3 (f).
Triaeris patellaris Bryant, 1940: 268, f. 4 (Df).
Triaeris stenaspis Bristowe, 1948: 890, f. 10-14 (f).
Triaeris patellaris Chickering, 1951: 243, f. 31 (f).
Triaeris berlandi Lawrence, 1952b: 5, f. 3a-f (Df) [].
Triaeris lepus Suman, 1965: 235, f. 27-31 (Df) [].
Triaeris stenaspis Chickering, 1968e: 358, f. 14-18 (f, S of Triaeris patellaris).
Triaeris lacandona Brignoli, 1974f: 208, f. 4A-F (Df) [].
Triaeris lacandona Brignoli, 1975f: 34, f. 1H, J (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Miller & Zitnanská, 1976a: 82, pl. II, f. 1-6 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Dumitrescu & Georgescu, 1983: 99, pl. 19-20 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 52, f. 111 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Korenko, Řezáč & Pekár, 2007: 6, f. 4-8 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Burger, 2009: 343, f. 6-10, 23A-B (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Platnick et al., 2012c: 22, f. 1-40 (f, S of Triaeris berlandi, lacandona and lepus).
Triaeris stenaspis Pfliegler, 2014: 146, f. 1r, 2c, 3c (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Grismado & Izquierdo, 2014: 162, f. 41a-b (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Brescovit et al., 2019b: 4, f. 13-14 (f).
Triaeris stenaspis Rivera-Quiroz et al., 2020: 4, f. 2g (f).

Brescovit, A. D., Bonaldo, A. B., Ott, R. & Chavari, J. L. (2019b). To boldly go: on invasive goblin spiders in Brazil (Araneae, Oonopidae). Iheringia, Série Zoologia 109(e2019033): 1-20. doi:10.1590/1678-4766e2019033 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1974f). Notes on spiders, mainly cave-dwelling, of southern Mexico and Guatemala (Araneae). Quaderno, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 171(2): 195-238. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1975f). Über die Gruppe der Haplogynae (Araneae). Proceedings of the 6th International Arachnological Congress, pp. 33-38. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bristowe, W. S. (1948). Notes on the structure and systematic position of oonopid spiders based on an examination of the British species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 118: 878-891. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bryant, E. B. (1940). Cuban spiders in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 86: 247-532. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Burger, M. (2009). Female genitalia of goblin spiders (Arachnida: Araneae: Oonopidae): a morphological study with functional implications. Invertebrate Biology 128: 340-358. doi:10.1111/j.1744-7410.2009.00181.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chickering, A. M. (1951). The Oonopidae of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 106: 207-245. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chickering, A. M. (1968e). The genus Triaeris Simon (Araneae, Oonopidae) in Central America and the West Indies. Psyche, Cambridge 75: 351-359. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dumitrescu, M. & Georgescu, M. (1983). Sur les Oonopidae (Araneae) de Cuba. Résultats des Expéditions Biospéologiques Cubano-Roumaines à Cuba 4: 65-114. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Grismado, C. J. & Izquierdo, M. A. (2014). Dysderoidea. In: Roig-Juñent, S., Claps, L.E. & J.J. Morrone (eds.) Biodiversidad de Artrópodos Argentinos, vol. 3. Sociedad Entomológica Argentina, pp. 151-166. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Jackson, A. R. (1909). On some rare arachnids obtained during 1908. Transactions of the Natural History Society of Northumberland (N.S.) 3(2): 418-439. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Korenko, S., Řezáč, M. & Pekár, S. (2007). Spiders (Araneae) of the family Oonopidae in the Czech Republic. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 34: 6-8. doi:10.5431/aramit3402 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lawrence, R. F. (1952b). A collection of cavernicolous and termitophilous Arachnida from the Belgian Congo. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 46: 1-17. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. & Žitňanská, O. (1976a). Einige bemerkenswerte Spinnen aus der Slowakei. Biológia (Bratislava) 31: 81-88. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pfliegler, W. P. (2014). Records of some rare and interesting spider (Araneae) species from anthropogenic habitats in Debrecen, Hungary. e-Acta Naturalia Pannonica 7: 143-156. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1910). On British Arachnida noted and observed in 1908. Proceedings of the Dorset Natural History and Antiquarian Field Club 30((for 1909)): 97-115. [published on Feb. 23, 1910, after Sykes, 1941] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Platnick, N. I., Dupérré, N., Ubick, D. & Fannes, W. (2012c). Got males? The enigmatic goblin spider genus Triaeris (Araneae, Oonopidae). American Museum Novitates 3756: 1-36. doi:10.1206/3756.2 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Rivera-Quiroz, F. A., Schilthuizen, M., Petcharad, B. & Miller, J. A. (2020). Imperfect and askew: a review of asymmetric genitalia in araneomorph spiders (Araneae: Araneomorphae). PLoS One 15(6, e0220354): 1-26. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220354 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1892e). On the spiders of the island of St. Vincent. Part 1. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 59(4, for 1891): 549-575, Pl. XLII. [published in April 1892, after Duncan, 1937] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Suman, T. W. (1965). Spiders of the family Oonopidae in Hawaii. Pacific Insects 7: 225-242. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database. (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2020-06-22 New taxonomic reference entry Rivera-Quiroz et al., 2020 n/a
2019-09-16 New taxonomic reference entry Brescovit et al., 2019b n/a
2016-11-11 Species updated Error corrected (Old value)
2015-04-08 New taxonomic reference entry Grismado & Izquierdo, 2014 n/a
2014-10-13 Species distribution update n/a (Old value)
2014-07-17 New taxonomic reference entry Pfliegler, 2014 n/a