Taxon details


Scotophaeus blackwalli (Thorell, 1871)

  • Rank: Species
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2019-09-30
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027854]
  • Distribution: Europe, Caucasus, Iran. Introduced to North America, Peru, Hawaii
Type deposit provide information
  • Holotype: Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart, Germany; type material of Drassus voigtii Bösenberg, 1899 destroyed 1944 (Renner, 1988b)
  • Syntype: Zoologisches Museum Hamburg (ZMH), Hamburg, Germany (data base search of type material, 11.02.2019); f (A0003494) of Drassus voigtii Bösenberg, 1899
Taxonomic references
Drassus sericeus Blackwall, 1861a: 111, pl. 6, f. 67 (f, misidentified).
Drassus blackwallii Thorell, 1871a: 179 (Df).
Drassus gotlandicus Thorell, 1871a: 180 (Df).
Drassus ravidus Pavesi, 1873a: 119, f. 2 (Dm).
Drassus gotlandicus Menge, 1875: 378, pl. 65, f. 215 (f, Dm).
Drassus blackwalli Simon, 1878a: 148 (m).
Drassus furtadoi Simon, 1883: 275, pl. 8, f. 8-9 (Dmf).
Drassus blackwalli Becker, 1896: 259, pl. 16, f. 26 (mf).
Drassus immundus Kulczyński, in Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1897: 213, pl. 8, f. 46 (Df).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Kulczyński, 1898: 55.
Drassus voigtii Bösenberg, 1899: 117, pl. 1, f. 5 (Df) [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:027024].
Drassus voigti Bösenberg, 1902: 300, pl. 28, f. 444 (f).
Drassus blackwalli Bösenberg, 1902: 298, pl. 28, f. 438 (mf).
Drassodes californica Banks, 1904b: 338, pl. 39, f. 28 (Dm).
Drassodes blackwalli Lessert, 1910b: 56, f. 49-50 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Simon, 1914: 147, 150, 212, f. 266, 275 (mf).
Scotophaeus furtadoi Reimoser, 1919: 204.
Herpyllus pius Chamberlin, 1919b: 6, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Reimoser, 1937a: 22, f. 51 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Tullgren, 1946: 110, f. 32C, pl. 18, f. 231-233 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Schenkel, 1950b: 38, f. 5a-b (m).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Locket & Millidge, 1951: 104, f. 50f, 55A, C (mf).
Herpyllus blackwalli Brændegaard, 1966: 105, f. 90-91 (mf).
Herpyllus blackwalli Ubick & Roth, 1973a: 4 (S).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Platnick & Shadab, 1977b: 41, f. 123-129 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Grimm, 1985: 172, f. 18a, 199-200, 202 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Roberts, 1985: 70, f. 25b (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 438, f. 1154 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Platnick & Dondale, 1992: 278, f. 441-444 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Noordam, 1992: 8 (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Roberts, 1995: 108, f. (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Roberts, 1998: 112, f. (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Levy, 1999d: 438, f. 19-23 (f; not m, =S. peninsularis).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Hu, 2001: 271, f. 155.6-7 (m).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Almquist, 2006: 419, f. 360a-h (mf).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Lecigne, 2013: 186, f. 4E-F (m).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Breitling et al., 2015: 70, f. 1 (f, S, per Grimm, 1985).
Scotophaeus blackwalli Lecigne, 2016d: 22, f. 11C (f).
References

Almquist, S. (2006). Swedish Araneae, part 2--families Dictynidae to Salticidae. Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 63: 285-601. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Banks, N. (1904b). Some Arachnida from California. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (3) 3: 331-377. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1861a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. London 1, 1-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1899). Die Spinnen der Rheinprovinz. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 56: 69-131. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1902). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. II-IV. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(2-4): 97-384, Pl. 9-36. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brændegaard, J. (1966). Edderkopper eller spindlere I. Danmarks Fauna 72: 1-224. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breitling, R., Lemke, M., Bauer, T., Hohner, M., Grabolle, A. & Blick, T. (2015). Phantom spiders: notes on dubious spider species from Europe. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 50: 65-80. doi:10.5431/aramit5010 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, R. V. (1919b). New Californian spiders. Journal of Entomology and Zoology 12: 1-17. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1897). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus II. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, pp. 147-366, Pl. VI-X. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Grimm, U. (1985). Die Gnaphosidae Mitteleuropas (Arachnida, Araneae). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg 26: 1-318. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (2001). Spiders in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Henan Science and Technology Publishing House, 658 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kulczyński, W. (1898). Symbola ad faunam aranearum Austriae inferioris cognoscendam. Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzen Wydzialu Matematyczno Przyrodniczego Akademji Umiejetnosci, Krakow 36: 1-114. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lecigne, S. (2013). Contribution à l'inventaire aranéologique de Corfou (Grèce) (Arachnida, Araneae). Nieuwsbrief van de Belgische Arachnologische Vereniging 28: 177-191. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lecigne, S. (2016d). Atlas préliminaire des araignées Araneae du Nord et du Pas-de-Calais. Le Héron 48(2015): 1-236. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lessert, R. de (1910b). Catalogue des invertebres de la Suisse. Fasc. 3, Araignées. Musée d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 635 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. (1999d). Spiders of six uncommon drassodine genera (Araneae: Gnaphosidae) from Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 45: 427-452. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1951). British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1875). Preussische Spinnen. VII. Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 3(3, part 8, for 1874): 375-422, Pl. 64-70. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Noordam, A. (1992). Gnaphosidae (Araneae) of the Netherlands, drawings, some notes, and some thoughts about ant-mimicry. Published by the author, Leiden, Netherlands, viii & 16 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pavesi, P. (1873a). Catalogo sistematico dei ragni del cantone ticino con la loro distribuzione orizzontale e verticale e cenni sulla araneologia elvetica. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 4: 5-215. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Platnick, N. I. & Shadab, M. U. (1977b). A revision of the spider genera Herpyllus and Scotophaeus (Araneae, Gnaphosidae) in North America. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 159: 1-44. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Platnick, N. I. & Dondale, C. D. (1992). The insects and arachnids of Canada, Part 19. The ground spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Gnaphosidae). Research Branch Agriculture Canada Publication 1875: 1-297. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Reimoser, E. (1919). Katalog der echten Spinnen (Araneae) des Paläarktischen Gebietes. Abhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 10(2): 1-280. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Reimoser, E. (1937a). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. 16. Familie: Gnaphosidae oder Plattbauchspinnen. 17. Familie: Anyphaenidae oder Zartspinnen. 18. Familie: Clubionidae oder Röhrenspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 1-99. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schenkel, E. (1950b). Spinnentiere aus dem westlichen Nordamerika, gesammelt von Dr. Hans Schenkel-Rudin. Erster Teil. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 61: 28-92. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1878a). Les arachnides de France. Paris 4, 1-334. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1883). Études arachnologiques. 14e Mémoire. XXI. Matériaux pour servir à la faune arachnologique des îles de l'Océan Atlantique (Açores, Madère, Salvages, Canaries, Cap Vert, Sainte-Hélène et Bermudes). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6) 3: 259-314. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1914). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 1re partie. Roret, Paris, 1-308. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1871a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part II. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 97-228. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1946). Svenska spindelfauna: 3. Egentliga spindlar. Araneae. Fam. 5-7. Clubionidae, Zoridae och Gnaphosidae. Entomologiska Föreningen, Stockholm, 141 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ubick, D. & Roth, V. D. (1973a). Nearctic Gnaphosidae including species from adjacent Mexican states. American Arachnology 9(suppl. 2): 1-12. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

GBIF.org (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: https://www.gbif.org [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2017-01-25 New taxonomic reference entry Lecigne, 2016d n/a
2015-10-20 New taxonomic reference entry Breitling et al., 2015 n/a
2015-10-20 Species synonymy Breitling et al., 2015 Scotophaeus voigti synonymized with Scotophaeus blackwalli
2014-07-03 New taxonomic reference entry Lecigne, 2013 n/a
2014-07-03 Taxonomic reference update n/a (Old value)