Taxon details

Nesticodes rufipes (Lucas, 1846)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2021-02-15
  • LSID: []
  • Distribution: Central and South America. Introduced to Europe, Macaronesia, North Africa, Middle East, China, Japan, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, New Zealand, Pacific Is.
Type deposit provide information
  • Syntype: Museum für Naturkunde, Berlin (ZMB), Germany (database export of type material, March 2019); Theridium bajulans L. Koch, 1875, (29530)
Taxonomic references
Theridion rufipes Lucas, 1846: 263, pl. 16, f. 5 (Df).
Theridion luteolum Blackwall, 1859b: 259 (Dj).
Theridion borbonicum Vinson, 1863: 318, pl. 14, f. 6 (Df).
Theridion luteipes O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1869b: 382, pl. 12, f. 46-51 (Dmf).
Theridion albonotatum Taczanowski, 1874: 56 (Dmf).
Theridion bajulans L. Koch, 1875b: 21, pl. 2, f. 4-5 (Dmf).
Theridion flavo-aurantiacum Simon, 1880i: 171 (Df).
Theridion longipes Hasselt, 1882: 33 (Dm).
Theridion albonotatum Keyserling, 1884a: 15, pl. 1, f. 4 (mf).
Theridion rufipes Simon, 1898b: 271.
Theridion rufipes Kulczyński, 1899: 374, pl. 6, f. 33 (Dm).
Theridion rufipes F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1902a: 384, pl. 36, f. 15-16 (mf).
Anelosimus nelsoni Bryant, 1945c: 200, f. 8 (Dmf) [].
Nesticodes rufipes Archer, 1950: 22, pl. II, f. 7-8 (Tmf from Theridion).
Robertus pilosus Denis, 1956a: 203, f. 15-16 (Dmf) [].
Theridion rufipes Levi, 1956b: 413 (S of Anelosimus nelsoni).
Theridion rufipes Levi, 1957a: 56, f. 188-193 (mf, S of Robertus pilosus).
Theridion rufipes Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 95 (m).
Theridion rufipes Chrysanthus, 1963: 748, f. 106-109 (mf).
Theridion rufipes Levi, 1967c: 179, f. 24-27 (mf).
Theridion rufipes Roberts, 1978: 913, f. 20-26 (mf).
Theridion rufipes Levy & Amitai, 1982a: 86, f. 1-5 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Wunderlich, 1987a: 215, f. 570 (mf).
Theridion rufipes González & Estévez, 1988: 500, f. 1-3 (f).
Theridion rufipes Tanikawa, 1991b: 2, f. 1-5 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Zhu, 1998: 117, f. 71A-E (mf).
Theridion rufipes Levy, 1998b: 171, f. 322-326 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 127, f. 65N-Q (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Yoshida, 2001c: 167, f. 36-39 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Yoshida, 2003a: 82, f. 196-199 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Agnarsson, 2004: 573, f. 58A-F, 59A-F (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Saaristo, 2006: 67, f. 51-54 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Wunderlich, 2008b: 391, f. 534-438 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Yoshida, 2009b: 374, f. 163-164 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Saaristo, 2010: 259, f. 37.90-94 (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Gabriel, 2010a: 40, f. 1A-C, 2-4 (f).
Nesticodes rufipes Talukdar & Sanyal, 2013: 42, unnumbered f. (mf).
Nesticodes rufipes Sekhar & Sunil Jose, 2017: 478, f. 1A-F (f).
Nesticodes rufipes Vanuytven, 2021: 46, 204, f. A.36f, B.203-204 (m).

Agnarsson, I. (2004). Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 447-626. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00120.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Archer, A. F. (1950). A study of theridiid and mimetid spiders with descriptions of new genera and species. Museum Paper, Alabama Museum of Natural History 30: 1-40. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1859b). Descriptions of newly discovered spiders captured by James Yate Johnson Esq., in the island of Madeira. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (3) 4(22): 255-267. doi:10.1080/00222935908697122 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bryant, E. B. (1945c). Notes on some Florida spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 36: 199-213. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chrysanthus, P. (1963). Spiders from south New Guinea V. Nova Guinea, Zoology 24: 727-750. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Denis, J. (1956a). Notes d'aranéologie marocaine.-VI. Bibliographie des araignées du Maroc et addition d'espèces nouvelles. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles du Maroc 35: 179-207. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gabriel, G. (2010a). Nesticodes rufipes - Erstnachweis einer pantropischen Kugelspinne in Deutschland (Araneae: Theridiidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 39: 39-41. doi:10.5431/aramit3905 download pdf -- Show included taxa

González, A. & Estévez, A. L. (1988). Estudio del desarrollo postembrionario y estadísticos vitales de Theridion rufipes Lucas, 1846 (Araneae, Theridiidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 32: 499-506. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hasselt, A. W. M. van (1882). Araneae. In: Veth, P. J. (ed.) Midden-Sumatra 4A(11). Reizen en onderzoekingen der Sumatra-expeditie, uitgerust door het aardrijkskundig genootschap, 1877-1879. Brill, Leiden, 1-56, pl. 1-5. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.119451 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1884a). Die Spinnen Amerikas II. Theridiidae. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg 1, 1-222. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.64832 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, L. (1875b). Aegyptische und abyssinische Arachniden gesammelt von Herrn C. Jickeli. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg, 96 pp., pl. 1-7. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kulczyński, W. (1899). Arachnoidea opera Rev. E. Schmitz collecta in insulis Maderianis et in insulis Selvages dictis. Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzen Wydzialu Matematyczno Przyrodniczego Akademji Umiejetnosci, Krakow 36: 319-461. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1956b). The spider genera Neottiura and Anelosimus in America (Araneae: Theridiidae). Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 75(4): 407-422. doi:10.2307/3223613 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1957a). The spider genera Enoplognatha, Theridion, and Paidisca in America north of Mexico (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 112: 1-124. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. & Levi, L. R. (1962). The genera of the spider family Theridiidae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 127: 1-71. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1967c). Cosmopolitan and pantropical species of theridiid spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae). Pacific Insects 9: 175-186. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. & Amitai, P. (1982a). The comb-footed spider genera Theridion, Achaearanea and Anelosimus of Israel (Araneae: Theridiidae). Journal of Zoology, London 196: 81-131. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levy, G. (1998b). Araneae: Theridiidae. In: Fauna Palaestina, Arachnida III. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem, 228 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1846). Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du Gouvernement et avec le concours d'une commission académique. Paris, Sciences physiques, Zoologie 1, 89-271, pl. 1-17. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.112444 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, O. (1869b). Catalogue of a collection of Ceylon Araneida lately received from Mr J. Nietner, with descriptions of new species and characters of a new genus. I. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 10(46): 373-397, pl. 11-13. [pp. 395-397, pl. 11-13 publ. in issue 47 in 1870, doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1870.tb00668.x] doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1869.tb00667.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1902a). Arachnida - Araneida and Opiliones. In: Biologia Centrali-Americana, Zoology. London 2, 313-424. [for the exact dates see Lyal, 2011] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. (1978). Contributions à l'étude de la faune terrestre des îles granitiques de l'archipel des Séchelles (Mission P.L.G. Benoit - J.J. Van Mol 1972). Theridiidae, Mysmenidae and gen. Theridiosoma (Araneidae) (Araneae). Revue Zoologique Africaine 92: 902-939. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Saaristo, M. I. (2006). Theridiid or cobweb spiders of the granitic Seychelles islands (Araneae, Theridiidae). Phelsuma 14: 49-89. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Saaristo, M. I. (2010). Araneae. In: Gerlach, J. & Marusik, Y. M. (eds.) Arachnida and Myriapoda of the Seychelles islands. Siri Scientific Press, Manchester, pp. 8-306. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sekhar, R. & Sunil Jose, K. (2017). New distributional records of Nesticodes rufipes (Lucas, 1846) in India. Munis Entomology and Zoology 12(2): 478-480. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1880i). Matériaux pour servir à une faun arachnologique de la Nouvelle Calédonie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 23(C.R.): 164-175. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1898b). Etudes arachnologiques. 28e Mémoire. XLIII. Arachnides recueillis par M. le Dr Ph. François en Nouvelle Calédonie, aux Nouvelles-Hebrides (Mallicolo) et à l'île de Vanikoro. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 66: 271-276. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The spiders of China. Hebei Science and Technology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Taczanowski, L. (1874). Les aranéides de la Guyane française. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae 10: 56-115, pl. 2. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Talukdar, S. & Sanyal, A. K. (2013). First record of the genus Nesticodes Simon, 1894 [sic!] from India with taxonomic studies on a red cob-web-spider Nesticodes rufipes (Lucas, 1846) (Araneae: Theridiidae) from West Bengal, India. Records of the Zoological Survey of India 113(3): 41-47. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanikawa, A. (1991b). Two newly recorded spiders, Theridion rufipes Lucas, 1846, and Coleosoma floridanum Banks, 1900 (Araneae: Theridiidae) from Japan. Atypus 98/99: 1-7. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Vanuytven, H. (2021). The Theridiidae of the World. A key to the genera with their diagnosis and a study of the body length of all known species. Newsletter of the Belgian arachnological Society 35(Supplement): 1-363. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Vinson, A. (1863). Aranéides des îles de La Réunion, Maurice et Madagascar. Librairie Classique Eugène Belin, Paris, 337 pp., pl. 1-14. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.125517 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wunderlich, J. (1987a). Die Spinnen der Kanarischen Inseln und Madeiras: Adaptive Radiation, Biogeographie, Revisionen und Neubeschreibungen. Triops, Langen, 435 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wunderlich, J. (2008b). On extant and fossil (Eocene) European comb-footed spiders (Araneae: Theridiidae), with notes on their subfamilies, and with descriptions of new taxa. Beiträge zur Araneologie 5: 140-469, 792-794, 796-800, 803, 819-859. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2001c). A revision of the Japanese genera and species of the subfamily Theridiinae (Araneae: Theridiidae). Acta Arachnologica 50: 157-181. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2003a). The spider family Theridiidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Japan. Arachnological Society of Japan, 224 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2009b). Uloboridae, Theridiidae, Ctenidae. In: Ono, H. (ed.) The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 142-147, 356-393, 467-468. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. (1998). Fauna Sinica: Arachnida: Araneae: Theridiidae. Science Press, Beijing, 436 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database. (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2021-02-15 New taxonomic reference entry Vanuytven, 2021 n/a
2017-06-27 New taxonomic reference entry Sekhar & Sunil Jose, 2017 n/a
2015-05-18 New taxonomic reference entry Talukdar & Sanyal, 2013 n/a