Taxon details


Robertus lividus (Blackwall, 1836)

  • Rank: Species
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2019-10-06
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:007977]
  • Distribution: USA (Alaska), Europe, Caucasus, Russia (Europe to Far East), Iran
Type deposit: provide information
Taxonomic references
Neriene rufipes Blackwall, 1833: 345 (D; preoccupied).
Neriene livida Blackwall, 1836: 486 (Dm).
Erigone pinguis Westring, 1851: 43 (in part).
Erigone pinguis Westring, 1861: 269 (mf, in part).
Neriene lividus Blackwall, 1864a: 252, pl. 18, f. 169 (Df).
Ctenium pingue Menge, 1871: 292, pl. 53, f. 169 (mf).
Erigone lividus Thorell, 1871a: 131.
Erigone lapidicola Thorell, 1873: 443 (replacement name for Neriene rufipes Blackwall).
Ctenium lividum Förster & Bertkau, 1883: 248.
Pedanostethus lividus Simon, 1884a: 198.
Pedanostethus lividus Keyserling, 1886b: 126, pl. 15, f. 206 (Df).
Pedanostethus lividus Kulczyński, 1887: 312, pl. 5, f. 17, pl. 6, f. 19, 22, 24, 26 (mf).
Pedanostethus lividus Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894: 48, pl. 2, f. 13 (mf).
Pedanostethus lividus Becker, 1896: 5, pl. 1, f. 3 (mf).
Pedanostethus lividus Bösenberg, 1902: 138, pl. 12, f. 181 (mf).
Robertus lividus Lessert, 1910b: 128.
Robertus lividus Charitonov, 1926a: 263, f. 5 (f).
Robertus lividus Fage, 1931: 142, f. 10C (f).
Robertus lividus Wiehle, 1937: 212, f. 259-263 (mf).
Ctenium livida Kaston, 1946: 9, f. 17-19, 58 (mf).
Robertus lividus Locket & Millidge, 1953: 86, f. 57A, 58A (mf).
Robertus lividus Miller, 1967: 283, pl. X, f. 9, pl. XI, f. 14-16 (mf).
Robertus lividus Tyschchenko, 1971: 145, f. 388, 391 (mf).
Robertus lividus Miller, 1971: 188, pl. XXXII, f. 9-10 (mf).
Robertus lividus Palmgren, 1974b: 42, f. 11.1-3, 9 (mf).
Robertus lividus Brignoli, 1980k: 260, f. 1 (f).
Robertus lividus Heimer, 1982: 39, f. 4 (m).
Robertus lividus Roberts, 1985: 194, f. 86a (mf).
Robertus lividus Wunderlich, 1986: 217, f. 220 (m).
Robertus lividus Eskov, 1987b: 283, f. 13 (m).
Robertus lividus Izmailova, 1989: 89, f. 68 (f).
Robertus lividus Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 294, f. 790 (mf).
Robertus lividus Knoflach, 1992: 164, f. 8-9, 11, 17-19, 25, 30-31, 38-43 (mf).
Robertus lividus Roberts, 1995: 293, f. (mf).
Robertus lividus Roberts, 1998: 307, f. (mf).
Robertus lividus Knoflach & Pfaller, 2004: 136, f. 19f (m).
Robertus lividus Agnarsson, 2004: 581, f. 66A-H (m).
Robertus lividus Almquist, 2005: 82, f. 105a-i (mf).
Robertus lividus Le Peru, 2011: 461, f. 767 (mf).
References

Agnarsson, I. (2004). Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141(4): 447-626. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2004.00120.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1 – families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1833). Characters of some undescribed genera and species of Araneidae. London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (3) 3: 104-112, 187-197, 344-352, 436-443. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1836). Characters of some undescribed species of Araneidae. London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (3) 8: 481-491. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1864a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Ray Society, London 2, 175-384. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1902). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. II-IV. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(2-4): 97-384, Pl. 9-36. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1980k). Ragni d'Italia XXXIII. Il genere Robertus (Araneae, Theridiidae). Fragmenta Entomologica 15: 259-265. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Charitonov, D. E. (1926a). Materialy k faune paukov Cherdynskogo kraia. Izvestia Biologitschieskogo nauchno-issliedovatel’skogo Instituta pri Permskom Universitete 4: 257-272. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1894). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus II. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, pp. 1-151, Pl. I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Eskov, K. Y. (1987b). The spider genus Robertus O. Pickard-Cambridge in the USSR, with an analysis of its distribution (Arachnida: Araneae: Theridiidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 67: 279-296. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fage, L. (1931). Araneae, 5e série, précédée d'un essai sur l'évolution souterraine et son déterminisme. In: Biospeologica, LV. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale 71: 91-291. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Förster, A. & Bertkau, P. (1883). Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Spinnenfauna der Rheinprovinz. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 40: 205-278. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. (1982). Interne Arretierungsmechanismen an der Kopulationsorganen männlicher Spinnen (Arachnida, Araneae). Ein Beitrag zur Phylogenie der Araneoidea. Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 45: 35-64. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Izmailova, M. V. (1989). [Fauna of Spiders of South Part of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk State University Publishing, 184 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1946). North American spiders of the genus Ctenium. American Museum Novitates 1306: 1-19. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1886b). Die Spinnen Amerikas. Theridiidae. Bauer & Raspe, Nürnberg 2, 1-295. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.64832 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Knoflach, B. (1992). Neue Robertus-Funde in den Alpen: R. mediterraneus Eskov und Robertus sp. (Arachnida, Aranei: Theridiidae). Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich-Medizinischen Vereins in Innsbruck 79: 161-171. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Knoflach, B. & Pfaller, K. (2004). Kugelspinnen – eine Einführung (Araneae, Theridiidae). In: Thaler, K. (ed.) Diversität und Biologie von Webspinnen, Skorpionen und anderen Spinnentieren. Denisia 12: 111-160. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kulczyński, W. (1887). Przyczynek do tyrolskiej fauny pajeczakow. Rozprawy i Sprawozdania z Posiedzen Wydzialu Matematyczno Przyrodniczego Akademji Umiejetnosci, Krakow 16: 245-356 (+ appendix, pp. 1-12). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Le Peru, B. (2011). The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lessert, R. de (1910b). Catalogue des invertebres de la Suisse. Fasc. 3, Araignées. Musée d'histoire naturelle de Genève, 635 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1953). British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1871). Preussische Spinnen. IV. Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 2: 265-296. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1967). Studien über die Kopulationsorgane der Spinnengattung Zelotes, Micaria, Robertus und Dipoena nebst Beschreibung einiger neuen oder unvollkommen bekannten Spinnenarten. Přírodovědné práce ústavů Československé Akademie Věd v Brně (N.S.) 1: 251-298. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. [pdf in 2 parts] download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1974b). Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands und Ostfennoskandiens. V. Theridiinae und Nesticidae. Fauna Fennica 26: 1-54. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England, 229 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1884a). Les arachnides de France. Tome cinquième, deuxième et troisième partie. Roret, Paris, 180-885. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1871a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part II. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 97-228. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1873). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part IV. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 375-645. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, 281 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Westring, N. (1851). Förteckning öfver de till närvarande tid Kände, i Sverige förekommande Spindlarter, utgörande ett antal af 253, deraf 132 äro nya för svenska Faunan. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar 2: 25-62. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Westring, N. (1861). Araneae svecicae. Göteborgs Kungliga Vetenskaps och Vitterhets Samhälles Handlingar 7: 1-615. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1937). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. 26. Familie. Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 119-222. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wunderlich, J. (1986). Spinnenfauna gestern und heute: Fossile Spinnen in Bernstein und ihre heute lebenden Verwandten. Quelle & Meyer, Wiesbaden, 283 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

GBIF.org (2019). GBIF Home Page (via GBIF API). Available from: https://www.gbif.org [1 September 2019]

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Bosmans, R., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2015-09-28 Taxonomic reference assigned to new taxon Knoflach, 1992 Taxonomic reference entry assigned to Robertus mediterraneus Eskov, 1987