Taxon details


Pachygnatha clercki Sundevall, 1823

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2018-02-14
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:014026]
  • Distribution: North America, Europe, Caucasus, Russia, Central Asia, China, Korea, Japan
Taxonomic references
Pachygnatha clerckii Sundevall, 1823: 16 (Dmf).
Theridion maxillosum Hahn, 1826: , pl. 15, f. B (Df).
Manduculus ambiguus Blackwall, 1833: 111 (Dmf).
Theridion maxillosum Hahn, 1834: 37, f. 122 (f).
Manduculus ambiguus Blackwall, 1834b: 359, pl. 3, f. 3-5 (mf).
Linyphia maxillosa Walckenaer, 1841: 267 (in part).
Linyphia clercki Walckenaer, 1841: 270.
Pachygnatha listeri C. L. Koch, 1845: 142, f. 1064 (m, misidentified).
Pachygnatha maxillosa Doleschall, 1852: 636.
Pachygnatha clercki Blackwall, 1864a: 318, pl. 22, f. 233 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Menge, 1866: 95, pl. 16, f. 28 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Thorell, 1870a: 75.
Pachygnatha clercki Hansen, 1882: 28, pl. 2, f. 4 (mf).
Pachygnatha clerckii F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1889: 10, pl. 1, f. 5-6 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 141, pl. 6, f. 4 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Simon, 1894a: 716, f. 793 (m).
Pachygnatha clerckii Becker, 1896: (2): 68, pl. 13, f. 1 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Bösenberg, 1901: 56, pl. 4, f. 50 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Engelhardt, 1910: 53, f. 11 (f).
Pachygnatha clercki Simon, 1929: 644, 748, f. 989-990 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Reimoser, 1932: 62, f. 6 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Drensky, 1943: 248, f. 32-34 (mf).
Pachygnatha sewardi Chamberlin & Ivie, 1947b: 64, f. 76-78 (Dmf).
Pachygnatha clercki Locket & Millidge, 1953: 106, f. 71, 72, 73A, D (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Chrysanthus, 1955c: 56, f. 1A-D (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Wiehle, 1963a: 61, f. 12, 99-106 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Namkung, 1964: 40, f. 31 (f).
Pachygnatha clercki Azheganova, 1968: 92, f. 197-200, 220 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Tyschchenko, 1971: 202, f. 609 (f).
Pachygnatha clercki Palmgren, 1974a: 52, f. 26a-b, g (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Punda, 1975b: 12, f. 15 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Brignoli, 1978o: 288, f. 8 (f).
Pachygnatha clercki Paik & Namkung, 1979: 51, f. 34.1-2 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Song, 1980: 132, f. 70a-f (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Levi, 1980a: 59, f. 226-237 (mf, S).
Pachygnatha clercki Heimer, 1982: 46, f. 16 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Hu, 1984: 139, f. 142.1-6 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Roberts, 1985: 199, f. 88g, 89g (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Guo, 1985: 82, f. 2-31.1-4 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Wunderlich, 1985b: 327, f. 7-10 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Yaginuma, 1986a: 129, f. 69.2 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Hu & Wu, 1989: 111, f. 86.1-8 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Chikuni, 1989b: 90, f. 3 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 58, f. 121 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 322, f. 1697-1699 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Roberts, 1995: 300, f. (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Mcheidze, 1997: 285, f. 645-649 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Roberts, 1998: 314, f. (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Kim, Kim & Lee, 1999: 60, f. 13, 38, 60 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Hu, 2001: 594, f. 404.1-7 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Namkung, 2002: 234, f. 18.20a-b (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Dondale et al., 2003: 94, f. 175-184 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Zhu, Song & Zhang, 2003: 91, f. 38A-J, 39A-F (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Namkung, 2003: 236, f. 18.20a-b (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Almquist, 2005: 117, f. 135a-f (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Jäger, 2006d: 3, f. 1-2g-i, l-m (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Tanikawa, 2007c: 104, f. 370-371, 821-823 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Tanikawa, 2009: 419, f. 127-129 (m).
Pachygnatha clercki Kim & Lee, 2013: 50, f. 31A-D, pl. 16 (mf).
Pachygnatha clercki Cabra-García, Hormiga & Brescovit, 2014: 1029, f. 2A, 5A, 7A (f).
References

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1968). Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, pp. 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Barrion, A. T. & Litsinger, J. A. (1994). Taxonomy of rice insect pests and their arthropod parasites and predators. In: Heinrichs, E. A. (ed.) Biology and Management of Rice Insects. Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, pp. 13-15, 283-359. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1833). Characters of some undescribed genera and species of Araneidae. London and Edinburgh Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science (3) 3: 104-112, 187-197, 344-352, 436-443. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1834b). Characters of some undescribed genera and species of Araneidae. In: Blackwall, J. (ed.) Researches in zoology, illustrative of the manners and economy of animals; with descriptions of numerous species new to naturalists; accompanied by plates. Simpkin and Marshall, London, pp. 304-426, pl. 2-3. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1864a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Ray Society, London 2, 175-384. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1901). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. I. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(1): 1-96, Pl. 1-8. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Brignoli, P. M. (1978o). Some remarks on the relationships between the Haplogynae, the Semientelegynae and the Cribellatae. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London 42: 285-292. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Cabra-García, J. J., Hormiga, G. & Brescovit, A. D. (2014). Female genital morphology in the secondarily haplogyne spider genus Glenognatha Simon, 1887 (Araneae, Tetragnathidae), with comments on its phylogenetic significance. Journal of Morphology 275: 1027-1040. doi:10.1002/jmor.20280 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, R. V. & Ivie, W. (1947b). The spiders of Alaska. Bulletin of the University of Utah 37(10): 1-103. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chikuni, Y. (1989b). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Spiders in Japan. Kaisei-sha Publishing Co., Tokyo, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chrysanthus, P. (1955c). On defectively regenerated palps in male spiders. Natuurhistorisch Maandblad 44: 56-59. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Doleschall, L. (1852). Systematisches Verzeichniss der im Kaiserthum Österreich vorkommenden Spinnen. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse, Wien 9: 622-651. [sub 'Doleschal'] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dondale, C. D., Redner, J. H., Paquin, P. & Levi, H. W. (2003). The insects and arachnids of Canada. Part 23. The orb-weaving spiders of Canada and Alaska (Araneae: Uloboridae, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae, Theridiosomatidae). NRC Research Press, Ottawa, 371 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Drensky, P. (1943). Die Spinnenfauna Bulgariens. VI. Unterordnung Arachnomorphae, II Gruppe Trionichia, Familie Euetrioidae. Bulletin des Institutions Royales d'Histoire Naturelle à Sophia 16: 219-254. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Engelhardt, V. v. (1910). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der weiblichen Copulationsorgane einiger Spinnen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 96: 32-117. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Guo, J. F. (ed.) (1985). [Farm spiders from Shaanxi Province]. Shaanxi Science and Technology Press. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1826). Monographie der Spinnen. Lechner, Nürnberg, Heft 4, pp. 1-2, 4 pls. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.122225 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1834). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zweiter Band, pp. 17-56. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H. J. (1882). Spindeldyr. In: Schiödte, J. C. (ed.) Zoologia Danica. Kjöbenhavn 3, 1-81, I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. (1982). Interne Arretierungsmechanismen an der Kopulationsorganen männlicher Spinnen (Arachnida, Araneae). Ein Beitrag zur Phylogenie der Araneoidea. Entomologische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 45: 35-64. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (1984). The Chinese spiders collected from the fields and the forests. Tianjin Press of Science and Techniques, 482 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. & Wu, W. G. (1989). Spiders from agricultural regions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Shandong University Publishing House, Jinan, 435 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (2001). Spiders in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Henan Science and Technology Publishing House, 658 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Jäger, P. (2006d). I. Order Araneae. In: R. Gerecke (ed.) Chelicerata: Araneae, Acari I. Süswasserfauna von Mitteleuropa 7/2-1, 1-13. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kim, J. P., Kim, S. D. & Lee, Y. B. (1999). A revisional study of the Korean spiders, family Tetragnathidae Menge, 1866 (Arachnida: Araneae). Korean Arachnology 15(2): 41-100. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kim, S. T. & Lee, S. Y. (2013). Arthropoda: Arachnida: Araneae: Mimetidae, Uloboridae, Theridiosomatidae, Tetragnathidae, Nephilidae, Pisauridae, Gnaphosidae. Spiders. Invertebrate Fauna of Korea 21(23): 1-183. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1845). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zwölfter Band, pp. 1-166. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1980a). The orb-weaver genus Mecynogea, the subfamily Metinae and the genera Pachygnatha, Glenognatha and Azilia of the subfamily Tetragnathinae north of Mexico (Araneae: Araneidae). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 149: 1-74. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1953). British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1866). Preussische Spinnen. Erste Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N.F.) 1: 1-152. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J. (1964). Spiders from Chungjoo, Korea. Atypus 33-34: 31-50. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J. (2002). The spiders of Korea. Kyo-Hak Publishing Co., Seoul, 648 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J. (2003). The Spiders of Korea, 2nd. ed. Kyo-Hak Publishing Co., Seoul, 648 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paik, W. H. & Namkung, J. (1979). [Studies on the rice paddy spiders from Korea]. Seoul National Univ., 101 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1974a). Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands und Ostfennoskandiens. IV. Argiopidae, Tetragnathidae und Mimetidae. Fauna Fennica 24: 1-70. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1889). Handbook to the study of British spiders [part 1]. Young Naturalist 10(Supplement): 1-24. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Punda, H. (1975b). Pająki Borów Sosnowych. Polska Akad. Nauk, 91 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Reimoser, E. (1932). Einheimische Spinnen 10. Die Natur (Vienna) 8: 8-12, 60-64. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1894a). Histoire naturelle des araignées. Paris 1, 489-760. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1929). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 3e partie. Roret, Paris, 533-772. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X. (ed.) (1980). [Farm Spiders]. Science Press, Beijing, 247 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sundevall, C. J. (1823). Specimen academicum genera araneidum Sueciae exhibens. Lundae, 1-22. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanikawa, A. (2007c). An identification guide to the Japanese spiders of the families Araneidae, Nephilidae and Tetragnathidae. Arachnological Society of Japan, 121 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanikawa, A. (2009). Hersiliidae. Nephilidae, Tetragnathidae, Araneidae. In: Ono, H. (ed.) The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 149, 403-463. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1870a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part I. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 1-96. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, pp. 1-281. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1841). Histoire naturelle des Insects. Aptères. Paris 2(for 1837), 1-549. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.61095 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1963a). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). XII. Tetragnathidae-Streckspinnen und Dickkiefer. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 49: i-viii, 1-76. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wunderlich, J. (1985b). Pachygnatha clerckoides n. sp. aus Jugoslawien (Arachnida: Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 65: 325-328. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1986a). Spiders of Japan in color (new ed.). Hoikusha Publishing Co., Osaka, 305 pp., 64 pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S., Song, D. X. & Zhang, J. X. (2003). Fauna Sinica: Invertebrata Vol. 35: Arachnida: Araneae: Tetragnathidae. Science Press, Beijing, vii + 418 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

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Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2015-02-11 New taxonomic reference entry Kim & Lee, 2013 n/a
2014-09-27 New taxonomic reference entry Cabra-García, Hormiga & Brescovit, 2014 n/a