Taxon details


Pirata piraticus (Clerck, 1757)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2015-05-26
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:019101]
  • Distribution: North America, Europe, Turkey, Caucasus, Russia (European to Far East), Central Asia, China, Japan
Taxonomic references
Araneus piraticus Clerck, 1757: 102, pl. 5, f. 4 (Df).
Aranea piratica Olivier, 1789: 218 (D).
Lycosa piratica Walckenaer, 1805: 14.
Lycosa piratica Hahn, 1831a: 107, f. 80 (Dmf).
Pirata piraticus Sundevall, 1833b: 24.
Lycosa argenteomarginata Lucas, 1846: 120, pl. 3, f. 10 (Df).
Lycosa piratica C. L. Koch, 1847: 1, f. 1413-1414 (mf).
Potamia piratica Thorell, 1856: 63.
Lycosa piratica Blackwall, 1861a: 34, pl. 2, f. 16 (mf).
Potamia argenteomarginata Simon, 1864: 352.
Lycosa piratica Thorell, 1872a: 341.
Pirata piraticus Simon, 1876a: 300, pl. 12, f. 7-8 (mf).
Pirata prodigiosa Keyserling, 1877a: 669, pl. 8, f. 44 (Df).
Pirata piraticus Menge, 1879: 513, pl. 83, f. 290 (mf).
Lycosa febriculosa Becker, 1881b: 45, pl. 2, f. 2 (Df).
Pirata piraticus Hansen, 1882: 73, pl. 5, f. 6 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Becker, 1882b: 122, pl. 9, f. 9 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Bösenberg, 1903: 406, pl. 38, f. 598 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Dahl, 1908: 287, f. 34 (mf).
Pirata febriculosa Chamberlin, 1908: 311, pl. 22, f. 1-2 (mf).
Pirata piraticus utahensis Chamberlin, 1908: 313 (Dm).
Pirata sylvestris Emerton, 1909: 209, pl. 6, f. 8 (Df, not m).
Pirata febriculosa Comstock, 1912: 645, f. 724f.
Pirata piraticus Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 64, f. 166-169 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Reimoser, 1928: 107, f. 5 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Kratochvíl, 1931: 2, f. 4 (f).
Pirata piraticus Saito, 1934b: 351, pl. 15, f. 81 (f).
Pirata piraticus Gertsch & Wallace, 1937: 5.
Lycosa piraticus Simon, 1937: 1118, 1140, f. 1769-1770 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Kaston, 1938a: 16, f. 1 (f).
Pirata piraticus Palmgren, 1939: 70, f. 104, 109, 115 (mf).
Pirata febriculosa Comstock, 1940: 653, f. 724f (f).
Pirata piraticus Holm, 1947: 10, f. 4c, pl. 1, f. 7-8, pl. 9, f. 4 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Kaston, 1948: 309, f. 1003, 1010 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Locket & Millidge, 1951: 287, f. 139B, F (mf).
Pirata piraticus Braendegaard, 1958: 22, f. 13-14 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Saito, 1959: 58, f. 44a-b (f).
Pirata piraticus Wiebes, 1959b: 61, f. 82, 92, 104-105 (mf).
Pirata piratica Yaginuma, 1960: 87, f. 78.4 (f).
Pirata piraticus Yaginuma, 1965b: 366, f. 9.9 (f).
Pirata piraticus Buchar, 1966a: 217, f. 3D, G (mf).
Pirata piraticus Azheganova, 1968: 27, f. 34-35 (mf).
Pirata piraticus von Helversen & Harms, 1969: 367, f. 3 (m).
Pirata piraticus Yaginuma, 1971: 87, f. 78.4 (f).
Pirata piraticus Azheganova, 1971: 11, f. 14 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Tyschchenko, 1971: 182, f. 530, 535 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 213, f. 104a-e (mf).
Pirata piraticus Miller, 1971: 169, pl. XXVI, f. 16-17 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1971: 51, f. 4 (f).
Pirata piraticus Loksa, 1972: 60, f. 51, 53E-F, 54E-F (mf).
Pirata piraticus Tanaka, 1974a: 23, f. 1-3 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Michelucci & Tongiorgi, 1976: 155, f. 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Jocqué, 1977e: 145, f. 5, 7 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Wallace & Exline, 1978: 66, f. 3, 53-54, 134-139 (mf, S).
Pirata piraticus Paik & Namkung, 1979: 68, f. 53.1-2 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Kronestedt, 1980b: 65, f. 2A, 3B, D, 4A, 6A-C, 7D-F, 8E-F, 9C-D (mf).
Pirata piraticus Snazell, 1983b: 97, f. 12-14 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Hu, 1984: 243, f. 253.1-2 (f).
Pirata piraticus Roberts, 1985: 150, f. 65b, 66b (mf).
Pirata piraticus Zyuzin, 1985a: 44, f. 7.
Pirata piraticus Yaginuma, 1986a: 167, f. 92.1 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Liu, 1987a: 45, pl. 1, f. 1 (m).
Pirata piraticus Liu, 1987b: 86, f. 24, 26, 28 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Tanaka, 1988a: 36, f. 1-4 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Yu & Song, 1988c: 119 (S).
Pirata piraticus Hu & Wu, 1989: 233, f. 193.1-5 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Chikuni, 1989b: 113, f. 17 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Dondale & Redner, 1990: 270, f. 421-424, 426-427 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Chen & Gao, 1990: 130, f. 162a-b (mf).
Pirata piraticus Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 346, f. 892 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Zhao, 1993: 107, f. 47a-c (mf).
Pirata piraticus Barrion & Litsinger, 1994: 315, f. 1646-1648 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Roberts, 1995: 232, f. (mf).
Pirata piraticus Agnarsson, 1996: 45, f. 27A-B (mf).
Pirata piraticus Yin et al., 1997c: 37, f. 15a-d (mf).
Pirata piraticus Roberts, 1998: 250, f. (mf).
Pirata piraticus Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 344, f. 200K, 201B (mf).
Pirata piraticus Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 168, f. 1888-1891 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Almquist, 2005: 243, f. 238a-f (mf).
Pirata piraticus Yoo, Park & Kim, 2007: 25, f. 11-13 (m).
Pirata piraticus Tanaka, 2009: 223, f. 12-13 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 284, f. 206A-D (mf).
Pirata piraticus Nadolny & Kovblyuk, 2011: 186, f. 4, 8, 13-14, 108, 114-116, 124 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Omelko, Marusik & Koponen, 2011: 207, f. 1a, 3a, 6-16, 42-43, 167, 175 (mf).
Pirata piraticus Yin et al., 2012: 778, f. 388a-d (mf).
Pirata piraticus Liu, Wang & Zhang, 2015: 421, f. 13-20 (mf).
References

Agnarsson, I. (1996). Íslenskar köngulaer. Fjölrit Náttúrufraedistofnunar 31: 1-175. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1968). Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, pp. 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1971). Pauki-volki (Lycosidae): Permskoi oblasti. Ministerstvo prosveshcheniya RSFSR, Perm, pp. 1-21. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Barrion, A. T. & Litsinger, J. A. (1994). Taxonomy of rice insect pests and their arthropod parasites and predators. In: Heinrichs, E. A. (ed.) Biology and Management of Rice Insects. Wiley Eastern, New Delhi, pp. 13-15, 283-359. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1881b). Présentation de duex planches d'arachnides. Annales de la Société Entomologique de Belgique 25(C.R.): 44-47. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1882b). Les arachnides de Belgique, première partie. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 10: 1-246, pl. 1-27. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1861a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. London 1, 1-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1903). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. V, VI. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(5-6): 385-465, Pl. 37-43. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Braendegaard, J. (1958). Araneida. In: The Zoology of Iceland. Ejnar Munksgaard, Copenhagen 3(54), 1-113. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Buchar, J. (1966a). Beitrag zur Kenntnis der paläarktischen Pirata-Arten (Araneae, Lycosidae). Věstník Československé Zoologické Společnosti v Praze 30: 210-218. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chamberlin, R. V. (1908). Revision of North American spiders of the family Lycosidae. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 60: 158-318. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chen, X. E. & Gao, J. C. (1990). The Sichuan farmland spiders in China. Sichuan Science and Technology Publishing House, Chengdu, 226 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chikuni, Y. (1989b). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Spiders in Japan. Kaisei-sha Publishing Co., Tokyo, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Clerck, C. (1757). Svenska spindlar, uti sina hufvud-slågter indelte samt under några och sextio särskildte arter beskrefne och med illuminerade figurer uplyste. Stockholmiae, 154 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1912). The spider book; a manual for the study of the spiders and their near relatives, the scorpions, pseudoscorpions, whipscorpions, harvestmen and other members of the class Arachnida, found in America north of Mexico, with analytical keys for their classification and popular accounts of their habits. Garden City, New York, pp. 1-721. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Comstock, J. H. (1940). The spider book, revised and edited by W. J. Gertsch. Cornell Univ. Press, Ithaca, xi + 727 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dahl, F. (1908). Die Lycosiden oder Wolfspinnen Deutschlands und ihre Stellung im Haushalt der Natur. Nach statistischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 88: 175-678. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dahl, F. & Dahl, M. (1927). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. Lycosidae s. lat. (Wolfspinnen im weiteren Sinne). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 5: 1-80. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dondale, C. D. & Redner, J. H. (1990). The insects and arachnids of Canada, Part 17. The wolf spiders, nurseryweb spiders, and lynx spiders of Canada and Alaska, Araneae: Lycosidae, Pisauridae, and Oxyopidae. Research Branch Agriculture Canada Publication 1856: 1-383. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Emerton, J. H. (1909). Supplement to the New England Spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 14: 171-236. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fuhn, I. E. & Niculescu-Burlacu, F. (1971). Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5(3): 1-253. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gertsch, W. J. & Wallace, H. K. (1937). New American Lycosidae with notes on other species. American Museum Novitates 919: 1-22. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1831a). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Erster Band, pp. 1-24. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H. J. (1882). Spindeldyr. In: Schiödte, J. C. (ed.) Zoologia Danica. Kjöbenhavn 3, 1-81, I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Helversen, O. von & Harms, K. H. (1969). Zur Spinnenfauna Deutschlands, VII. Für Deutschland neue Wolfspinnen der Gattungen Pirata und Pardosa (Arachnida: Araneae: Lycosidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 50: 367-373. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Holm, Å. (1947). Svensk Spindelfauna III. Oxyopidae, Lycosidae, Pisauridae. Stockholm, pp. 1-48. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (1984). The Chinese spiders collected from the fields and the forests. Tianjin Press of Science and Techniques, 482 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. & Wu, W. G. (1989). Spiders from agricultural regions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Shandong University Publishing House, Jinan, 435 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Jocqué, R. (1977e). Contribution à la connaissance des araignées de Belgique. IV. Biologisch Jaarboek Dodonaea 45: 141-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1938a). Notes on little known New England spiders. The Canadian Entomologist 70: 12-17. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1948). Spiders of Connecticut. Bulletin of the Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey 70: 1-874. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1877a). Ueber amerikanische Spinnenarten der Unterordnung Citigradae. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 26: 609-708. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1847). Die Arachniden. J. L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg, Vierzehnter Band, pp. 89-210, pl. 481-504, Fünfzehnter Band, pp. 1-136, pl. 505-540, Sechszehnter und letzter Band, pp. 1-80, pl. 541-563, Index 64 pp. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kratochvíl, J. (1931). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der westmährischen Salticiden und Lycosiden. Sborník Klubu Přírodovědeckého v Brně 13: 1-5. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kronestedt, T. (1980b). Comparison between Pirata tenuitarsis Simon, new to Sweden and England, and P. piraticus (Clerck), with notes on taxonomic characters in male Pirata (Araneae: Lycosidae). Entomologica Scandinavica 11: 65-77. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Liu, M. Y. (1987a). Scanning electron-microscopic investigation on the terminal parts of the male bulbs in Pirata spp. Acta Zoologica Sinica 33: 44-50. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Liu, M. Y. (1987b). A revision of some spiders of genus Pirata (Araneae: Lycosidae). Journal of Natural Science of Hunan Normal University 10: 82-90. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Liu, N., Wang, L. & Zhang, Z. S. (2015). A newly recorded spider species of genus Pirata (Araneae: Lycosidae) from China. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 34(3): 421-423. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1000-7083.2015.03.019 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1951). British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Loksa, I. (1972). Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 1-112. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lucas, H. (1846). Histoire naturelle des animaux articulés. In: Exploration scientifique de l'Algérie pendant les années 1840, 1841, 1842 publiée par ordre du Gouvernement et avec le concours d'une commission académique. Paris, Sciences physiques, Zoologie 1, 89-271. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1879). Preussische Spinnen. X. Fortsetzung; XI. Fortsetzung und Schluss. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 4: 495-542; 543-560. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Michelucci, R. & Tongiorgi, P. (1976). Pirata tenuitarsus Simon (Araneae, Lycosidae): a widespread but long-ignored species. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 3(6, for 1975): 155-158. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Nadolny, A. A. & Kovblyuk, M. M. (2011). The spider genus Pirata Sundevall, 1833 (Aranei: Lycosidae) in Crimea and Abkhazia. Arthropoda Selecta 20: 175-194. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J., Paik, W. H. & Yoon, J. K. (1971). Spiders from Kwangju, Cholla Namdo. Korean Journal of Plant Protection 10: 49-53. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Olivier G., A. (1789). Araignée, Aranea. Encyclopédie Méthodique, Histoire Naturelle, Insectes, Paris 4: 173-240. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Omelko, M. M., Marusik, Y. M. & Koponen, S. (2011). A survey of the east Palearctic Lycosidae (Aranei). 8. The genera Pirata Sundevall, 1833 and Piratula Roewer, 1960 in the Russian Far East. Arthropoda Selecta 20: 195-232. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paik, W. H. & Namkung, J. (1979). [Studies on the rice paddy spiders from Korea]. Seoul National Univ., 101 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1939). Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands. I. Lycosidae. Acta Zoologica Fennica 25: 1-86. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paquin, P. & Dupérré, N. (2003). Guide d'identification des araignées de Québec. Fabreries, Supplement 11: 1-251. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Reimoser, E. (1928). Einheimische Spinnen 1 & 2. Die Natur (Wien) 4(5): 103-108. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Saitō, S. (1934b). Spiders from Hokkaido. Journal of the Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido Imperial University, Sapporo, Japan 33: 267-362. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Saitō, S. (1959). The Spider Book Illustrated in Colours. Hokuryukan, Tokyo, 194 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1864). Histoire naturelle des araignées (aranéides). Paris, pp. 1-540. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1876a). Les arachnides de France. Tome troisième. Roret, Paris, 364 pp., pl. IX-XIII. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1937). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 5e et derniére partie. Roret, Paris, 979-1298. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Snazell, R. (1983b). On two spiders recently recorded from Britain. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6: 93-98. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The spiders of China. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sundevall, C. J. (1833b). Conspectus Arachnidum. Londini Gothorum, pp. 1-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (1974a). Japanese wolf spiders of the [genus] Pirata, with descriptions of five new species (Araneae: Lycosidae). Acta Arachnologica 26(1): 22-45. doi:10.2476/asjaa.26.22 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (1988a). Lycosid spiders of Japan I. The genus Pirata Sundevall. Acta Arachnologica 36: 33-77. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (2009). Lycosidae. In: Ono, H. (ed.) The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 222-248. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1856). Recensio critica aranearum suecicarum quas descripserunt Clerckius, Linnaeus, de Geerus. Nova Acta Regiae Societatis Scientiarum Upsaliensis (3) 2(1): 61-176. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1872a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part III. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 229-374. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, pp. 1-281. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1805). Tableau des aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, familles et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions. Paris, 88 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wallace, H. K. & Exline, H. (1978). Spiders of the genus Pirata in North America, Central America and the West Indies (Araneae: Lycosidae). Journal of Arachnology 5: 1-112. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiebes, J. T. (1959b). The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 42: 1-78. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1960). Spiders of Japan in colour. Hoikusha, Osaka, 186 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1965b). [Spiders of paddy fields]. Shokubutsu Boeki 19: 361-368. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1971). Spiders of Japan in colour (enlarged and revised edition). Hoikusha, Osaka (for 1969), 197 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1986a). Spiders of Japan in color (new ed.). Hoikusha Publishing Co., Osaka, 305 pp., 64 pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M., Peng, X. J., Xie, L. P., Bao, Y. H. & Wang, J. F. (1997c). Lycosids in China (Arachnida: Araneae). Hunan Normal University Press, 317 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M., Peng, X. J., Yan, H. M., Bao, Y. H., Xu, X., Tang, G., Zhou, Q. S. & Liu, P. (2012). Fauna Hunan: Araneae in Hunan, China. Hunan Science and Technology Press, Changsha, 1590 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoo, J. S., Park, Y. C. & Kim, J. P. (2007). Phylogenetic relationships of Korean wolf spider genera (Araneae: Lycosidae) inferred from morpho-anatomical data. Korean Arachnology 23: 1-34. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yu, L. M. & Song, D. X. (1988c). A revision of the Chinese spiders of the family Lycosidae (Araneae). Sinozoologia 6: 113-121. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhao, J. Z. (1993). Spiders in the Cotton Fields in China. Wuhan Publishing House, Wuhan, China, 552 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. & Zhang, B. S. (2011). Spider Fauna of Henan: Arachnida: Araneae. Science Press, Beijing, xxii+558 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zyuzin, A. A. (1985a). Generic and subfamilial criteria in the systematics of the spider family Lycosidae (Aranei), with the description of a new genus and two new subfamilies. Trudy Zoologieskogo Instituta Akademija Nauk SSSR 139: 40-51. download pdf -- Show included taxa

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Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

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Date Type Reference Detail
2015-05-26 New taxonomic reference entry Liu, Wang & Zhang, 2015 n/a