Taxon details


Theridion pictum (Walckenaer, 1802)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: - -
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:008606]
  • Distribution: North America, Europe, North Africa, Caucasus, Russia (Sibiria), China, Japan
Taxonomic references
Aranea picta Walckenaer, 1802: 207 (D, preoccupied by Razoumowsky, 1789 but validated by ICZN Opinion 517).
Theridion pictum Walckenaer, 1805: 74.
Theridion ornatum Hahn, 1831b: 1, pl. 3, f. C (Df).
Theridion pictum Hahn, 1833a: 90, f. 68 (mf).
Steatoda picta C. L. Koch, 1837b: 9.
Theridion pictum C. L. Koch, 1845: 139, f. 1062-1063 (mf).
Theridion pictum Blackwall, 1864a: 184, pl. 13, f. 117 (mf).
Steatoda picta Menge, 1868: 154, pl. 29, f. 65 (mf).
Theridion zelotypum Emerton, 1882: 11, pl. 2, f. 4 (Df).
Theridion zelotypum Keyserling, 1884a: 25, pl. 1, f. 10 (f).
Theridion pictum Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1894: 34, pl. 1, f. 31 (mf).
Theridion pictum Becker, 1896: (2): 92, pl. 20, f. 1 (mf).
Theridion pictum Bösenberg, 1902: 99, pl. 8, f. 120 (mf).
Theridion zelotypum Emerton, 1909: 180, pl. 1, f. 5 (f, Dm).
Theridion pictum Fedotov, 1912a: 63, f. 5 (f).
Theridion pictum Wiehle, 1937: 168, f. 126-131 (mf).
Theridion zelotypum Gertsch & Archer, 1942: 7, f. 3 (f).
Theridion zelotypum Kaston, 1948: 109, f. 128, 150 (mf).
Theridion ornatum Tullgren, 1949: 45, f. 5b only (f).
Allotheridion ornatum Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
Allotheridion zelotypum Archer, 1950: 19 (Tmf from Theridion).
Allotheridion pictum Archer, 1950: 20 (Tmf from Theridion).
Theridion zelotypum Levi, 1951: 4, f. 47 (f).
Theridion pictum Locket & Millidge, 1953: 68, f. 45B, 46A, 47A (mf; valid name under ICZN Opinion 517).
Allotheridion zelotypum Levi & Field, 1954: 442, f. 3 (f).
Theridion ornatum Levi, 1957a: 50, f. 164-165, 168-170, 173 (mf, S).
Theridion pictum Yaginuma, 1960: 37, f. 35 (f).
Theridion pictum Levi & Levi, 1962: 45, f. 90-93 (mf).
Theridion pictum Azheganova, 1968: 59, f. 105, 114-115 (mf).
Theridion pictum Yaginuma, 1971: 37, f. 35 (f).
Theridion pictum Tyschchenko, 1971: 151, f. 437 (f).
Theridion pictum Miller, 1971: 196, pl. XXXV, f. 13-15 (mf).
Theridion pictum Palmgren, 1974b: 24, f. 6.1-5 (mf).
Theridion pictum Levi & Randolph, 1975: 45, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
Theridion ornatum Kaston, 1977: 15, f. 6-7 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roth, 1982: 47-11, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roth, 1985: B43-10, f. 72, 74-77 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roberts, 1985: 184, f. 82a (mf).
Theridion pictum Yaginuma, 1986a: 35, f. 20.1 (f).
Theridion pictum Izmailova, 1989: 94, f. 74 (f).
Theridion pictum Chikuni, 1989b: 42, f. 56 (mf).
Theridion pictum Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 300, f. 806 (mf).
Theridion pictum Blick, Sammorey & Martin, 1993: 30, f. 1-2, 5 (mf).
Theridion pictum Bosmans, Vanuytven & Van Keer, 1994: 236, f. 6-8 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roth, 1994: 184, f. 74-77 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roberts, 1995: 282, f. (mf).
Theridion pictum Mcheidze, 1997: 196, f. 402-404 (mf).
Theridion pictum Knoflach, 1998: 589, f. 40, 43, 50, 55e, 59 (mf).
Theridion pictum Roberts, 1998: 296, f. (mf).
Theridion pictum Hu, 2001: 583, f. 395.1-2 (f).
Theridion pictum Yoshida, 2001c: 162, f. 21-25 (m).
Theridion pictum Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 224, f. 2503-2505 (mf).
Theridion pictum Yoshida, 2003a: 72, f. 11-12, 16, 169-174 (mf).
Theridion pictum Agnarsson, 2004: 606, f. 91E-F (m).
Theridion pictum Almquist, 2005: 102, f. 124a-g (mf).
Theridion pictum Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 376, f. 149-152 (m).
Theridion pictum Yoshida, 2009b: 370, f. 1-2, 15,19, 21, 127-128 (mf).
Theridion pictum Le Peru, 2011: 483, f. 843 (mf).
References

Agnarsson, I. (2004). Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 447-626. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Agnarsson, I., Coddington, J. A. & Knoflach, B. (2007). Morphology and evolution of cobweb spider male genitalia (Araneae, Theridiidae). Journal of Arachnology 35: 334-395. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Archer, A. F. (1950). A study of theridiid and mimetid spiders with descriptions of new genera and species. Museum Paper, Alabama Museum of Natural History 30: 1-40. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1968). Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, pp. 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1864a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Ray Society, London 2, 175-384. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blick, T., Sammorey, T. & Martin, D. (1993). Spinnenaufsammlungen im NSG "Grosser Schwerin mit Steinhorn" (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern), mit Anmerkungen zu Tetragnatha reimoseri (syn. Eucta kaestneri), Theridion hemerobius und Philodromus praedatus (Araneae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 6: 26-33. doi:10.5431/aramit0604 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1902). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. II-IV. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(2-4): 97-384, Pl. 9-36. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bosmans, R., Vanuytven, H. & Van Keer, J. (1994). On two poorly known Theridion species, recently collected in Belgium for the first time (Araneae: Theridiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 9: 236-240. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chikuni, Y. (1989b). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Spiders in Japan. Kaisei-sha Publishing Co., Tokyo, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1894). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus II. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, pp. 1-151, Pl. I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Emerton, J. H. (1882). New England spiders of the family Theridiidae. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 6: 1-86. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Emerton, J. H. (1909). Supplement to the New England Spiders. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 14: 171-236. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fedotov, D. (1912a). Materialy k faounié paukow Twerskoï gouberny. Berichte der Biologischen Süßwasserstation der Kaiserlichen Naturforschergesellschaft zu St. Petersburg 3: 53-134. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Gertsch, W. J. & Archer, A. F. (1942). Descriptions of new American Theridiidae. American Museum Novitates 1171: 1-16. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1831b). Monographie der Spinnen. Lechner, Nürnberg, Heft 6, 1 p., 4 pls. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.122225 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1833a). Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, Erster Band, pp. 77-129; Zweiter Band, pp. 1-16. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (2001). Spiders in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau of China. Henan Science and Technology Publishing House, 658 pp. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Izmailova, M. V. (1989). [Fauna of Spiders of South Part of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk State University Publishing, 184 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1948). Spiders of Connecticut. Bulletin of the Connecticut State Geological and Natural History Survey 70: 1-874. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kaston, B. J. (1977). Supplement to the spiders of Connecticut. Journal of Arachnology 4: 1-72. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Keyserling, E. (1884a). Die Spinnen Amerikas II. Theridiidae. Nürnberg 1, 1-222. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Knoflach, B. (1998). Mating in Theridion varians Hahn and related species (Araneae: Theridiidae). Journal of Natural History 32: 545-604. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1837b). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 1, pp. 1-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1845). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zwölfter Band, pp. 1-166. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Le Peru, B. (2011). The spiders of Europe, a synthesis of data: Volume 1 Atypidae to Theridiidae. Mémoires de la Société Linnéenne de Lyon 2: 1-522. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1951). New and rare spiders from Wisconsin and adjacent states. American Museum Novitates 1501: 1-41. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. & Field, H. M. (1954). The spiders of Wisconsin. American Midland Naturalist 51: 440-467. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. (1957a). The spider genera Enoplognatha, Theridion, and Paidisca in America north of Mexico (Araneae, Theridiidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 112: 1-124. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. & Levi, L. R. (1962). The genera of the spider family Theridiidae. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 127: 1-71. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Levi, H. W. & Randolph, D. E. (1975). A key and checklist of American spiders of the family Theridiidae north of Mexico (Araneae). Journal of Arachnology 3: 31-51. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1953). British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1868). Preussische Spinnen. II. Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 2: 153-218. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1974b). Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands und Ostfennoskandiens. V. Theridiinae und Nesticidae. Fauna Fennica 26: 1-54. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paquin, P. & Dupérré, N. (2003). Guide d'identification des araignées de Québec. Fabreries, Supplement 11: 1-251. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roth, V. D. (1982). Handbook for spider identification. Published by the author, Portal, Arizona, (128 pp.). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roth, V. D. (1985). Spider genera of North America. American Arachnological Society, Gainesville. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roth, V. D. (1994). Spider Genera of North America, with Keys to Families and Genera, and a Guide to Literature, third edition. American Arachnological Society, Gainesville, 203 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tullgren, A. (1949). Bidrag till kännedomen om den svenska spindelfaunan. III. Svenska representanter för familjen Theridiidae. Entomologisk Tidskrift 70: 33-64. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, pp. 1-281. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1802). Faune parisienne. Insectes. ou Histoire abrégée des insectes de environs de Paris. Paris 2, 187-250. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1805). Tableau des aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, familles et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions. Paris, 88 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1937). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. 26. Familie. Theridiidae oder Haubennetzspinnen (Kugelspinnen). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 33: 119-222. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1960). Spiders of Japan in colour. Hoikusha, Osaka, 186 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1971). Spiders of Japan in colour (enlarged and revised edition). Hoikusha, Osaka (for 1969), 197 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1986a). Spiders of Japan in color (new ed.). Hoikusha Publishing Co., Osaka, 305 pp., 64 pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2001c). A revision of the Japanese genera and species of the subfamily Theridiinae (Araneae: Theridiidae). Acta Arachnologica 50: 157-181. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2003a). The spider family Theridiidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from Japan. Arachnological Society of Japan, 224 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yoshida, H. (2009b). Uloboridae, Theridiidae, Ctenidae. In: Ono, H. (ed.) The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 142-147, 356-393, 467-468. download pdf -- Show included taxa

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Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

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