Taxon details


Linyphia triangularis (Clerck, 1757)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2016-10-25
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:011448]
  • Distribution: Europe, Caucasus to Iran, Russia to China. Introduced to USA
Taxonomic references
Araneus triangularis Clerck, 1757: 71, pl. 3, f. 2 (Dm, in part).
Aranea montana Linnaeus, 1758: 621 (D).
Araneus albini Scopoli, 1763: 396 (D).
Aranea pinnata Ström, 1768: 363 (D).
Aranea resupina sylvestris De Geer, 1778: 245, pl. 14, f. 13-21 (D).
Aranea triangularis Walckenaer, 1802: 214.
Linyphia triangularis Walckenaer, 1805: 70.
Linyphia walckenaeri Risso, 1826: 169 (D).
Linyphia triangularis Sundevall, 1830: 28 (Df).
Linyphia montana Walckenaer, 1841: 233 (Dmf).
Linyphia triangularis Walckenaer, 1841: 240 (f).
Linyphia montana C. L. Koch, 1845: 113, f. 1038-1039 (mf).
Linyphia montana Blackwall, 1864a: 211, pl. 15, f. 138 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Blackwall, 1864a: 212, pl. 15, f. 139 (mf).
Linyphia macrognatha Menge, 1866: 101, pl. 17, f. 31 (Dmf).
Linyphia micrognatha Menge, 1866: 103, pl. 17, f. 32 (Dmf).
Linyphia triangularis Thorell, 1870a: 46.
Linyphia triangularis Lebert, 1877: 149, pl. 3, f. 16, pl. 4, f. 27 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Becker, 1896: 18, pl. 3, f. 1 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Bösenberg, 1901: 65, pl. 5, f. 63 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Engelhardt, 1910: 61, f. 18-19 (f).
Linyphia triangularis Fedotov, 1912a: 69, f. 10 (f).
Linyphia triangularis Osterloh, 1922: 329, f. 1-7, 20, 23, 26, 39-40 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Simon, 1929: 633, 742, f. 968-970 (mf).
Linyphia montana Reimoser, 1931b: 85, f. 2 (mf).
Linyphia pinnata Kolosváry, 1933: 57, f. 4.1-2 (f).
Linyphia pinnata juniperina Kolosváry, 1933: 57, f. 4.3 (Df).
Linyphia triangularis Blauvelt, 1936: 124, pl. 8, f. 60-62, pl. 9, f. 63, 65 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Locket & Millidge, 1953: 397, f. 237C, F, 238A, 240A (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Wiehle, 1956: 308, f. 506-512 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Merrett, 1963b: 373, f. 29A-F (m).
Linyphia triangularis Azheganova, 1968: 67, f. 127, 140 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis van Helsdingen, 1969: 31, f. 2-3, 5, 19-30, pl. 1 (mf, S).
Linyphia triangularis Palmgren, 1975: 84, f. 19.1-4 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Punda, 1975b: 50, f. 101-102 (f).
Linyphia triangularis Millidge, 1977: 47, f. 186 (m).
Linyphia triangularis Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1982: 51, f. IV.5-6 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Millidge, 1984b: 244, f. 56 (f).
Linyphia triangularis Zhu & Shi, 1985: 105, f. 91a-c (f).
Linyphia triangularis Schult, 1986: 267, f. 27-30 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Song, 1987: 133, f. 94 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Roberts, 1987: 159, f. 83a, 84a (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Hu & Wu, 1989: 153, f. 126.1-4 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Legotai & Sekerskaya, 1989: 227, f. LXX.5-6 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Izmailova, 1989: 78, f. 59 (f).
Linyphia triangularis Tanasevitch, 1990: 98, f. 26.24-25, 27.1 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 202, f. 545 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Roberts, 1992: 193, f. 2a, 3a (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Hormiga, 1994b: 4, f. 8A-C, 9A-D (m).
Linyphia triangularis Roberts, 1995: 365, f. (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Hormiga, Eberhard & Coddington, 1995: 323, f. 5A-B (m).
Linyphia triangularis Mcheidze, 1997: 299, f. 686-688 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Griswold et al., 1998: 64, f. 13C (m).
Linyphia triangularis Roberts, 1998: 375, f. (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 186, f. 104A-B, E-F (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Hormiga, 2000: 84, pl. 7A-F, 8A-D (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 136, f. 73A-E (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Agnarsson, 2004: 604, f. 89B (m).
Linyphia triangularis Funke & Huber, 2005: 870, f. 3-5 (mf).
Linyphia triangularis Agnarsson, Coddington & Knoflach, 2007: 385, f. 196 (m).
Linyphia triangularis Álvarez-Padilla & Hormiga, 2011: 850, f. 137B, 139B (m).
Linyphia triangularis Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014: 38, f. 4R-T (m).
Linyphia triangularis Wang et al., 2015c: 142, f. 2c, 3c (f).
Linyphia triangularis Breitling et al., 2016b: 59 (S of Linyphia triangularis juniperina).
References

Agnarsson, I. (2004). Morphological phylogeny of cobweb spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Theridiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 141: 447-626. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Agnarsson, I., Coddington, J. A. & Knoflach, B. (2007). Morphology and evolution of cobweb spider male genitalia (Araneae, Theridiidae). Journal of Arachnology 35: 334-395. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Álvarez-Padilla, F. & Hormiga, G. (2011). Morphological and phylogenetic atlas of the orb-weaving spider family Tetragnathidae (Araneae: Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 162: 713-879. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1968). Kratkii opredelitel' paukov (Aranei) lesnoi i lesostepnoi zony SSSR. Akademia Nauk SSSR, pp. 1-149. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1896). Les arachnides de Belgique, deuxième et troisième parties. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 12(2): 1-127, pl. 1-25 & 12(3): 1-378, pl. 1-18. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1864a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. Ray Society, London 2, 175-384. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blauvelt, H. H. (1936). The comparative morphology of the secondary sexual organs of Linyphia and some related genera, including a revision of the group. Festschrift Embrik Strand 2: 81-171, pl. 4-23. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1901). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. I. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(1): 1-96, Pl. 1-8. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Breitling, R., Bauer, T., Schäfer, M., Morano, E., Barrientos, J. A. & Blick, T. (2016b). Phantom spiders 2: More notes on dubious spider species from Europe. Arachnologische Mitteilungen 52: 50-77. doi:10.5431/aramit5209 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Clerck, C. (1757). Svenska spindlar, uti sina hufvud-slågter indelte samt under några och sextio särskildte arter beskrefne och med illuminerade figurer uplyste. Stockholmiae, 154 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

De Geer, C. (1778). Des araignées. In: Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes. Tome septième. Pierre Hesselberg, Stockholm, 176-324, pl. 11-19, 38-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Engelhardt, V. v. (1910). Beiträge zur Kenntnis der weiblichen Copulationsorgane einiger Spinnen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 96: 32-117. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fedotov, D. (1912a). Materialy k faounié paukow Twerskoï gouberny. Berichte der Biologischen Süßwasserstation der Kaiserlichen Naturforschergesellschaft zu St. Petersburg 3: 53-134. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Funke, S. & Huber, B. A. (2005). Allometry of genitalia and fighting structures in Linyphia triangularis (Araneae, Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 33: 870-872. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Griswold, C. E., Coddington, J. A., Hormiga, G. & Scharff, N. (1998). Phylogeny of the orb-web building spiders (Araneae, Orbiculariae: Deinopoidea, Araneoidea). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 123: 1-99. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Helsdingen, P. J. van (1969). A reclassification of the species of Linyphia Latreille based on the functioning of the genitalia (Araneida, Linyphiidae), I. Zoologische Verhandelingen 105: 1-303. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hormiga, G. (1994b). Cladistics and the comparative morphology of linyphiid spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Linyphiidae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 111: 1-71. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hormiga, G., Eberhard, W. G. & Coddington, J. A. (1995). Web-construction behaviour in Australian Phonognatha and the phylogeny of nephiline and tetragnathid spiders (Araneae: Tetragnathidae). Australian Journal of Zoology 43: 313-364. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hormiga, G. (2000). Higher level phylogenetics of erigonine spiders (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 609: 1-160. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. & Wu, W. G. (1989). Spiders from agricultural regions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Shandong University Publishing House, Jinan, 435 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Izmailova, M. V. (1989). [Fauna of Spiders of South Part of Eastern Siberia]. Irkutsk State University Publishing, 184 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1845). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zwölfter Band, pp. 1-166. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kolosváry, G. (1933). Beiträge zur Faunistik und Ökologie der Tierwelt der ungarländischen Junipereten. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 28(1): 52-63. doi:10.1007/BF00408347 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lebert, H. (1877). Die Spinnen der Schweiz, ihr Bau, ihr Leben, ihre systematische Übersicht. Neue Denkschriften der Schweizerischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1-321. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Legotai, M. V. & Sekerskaya, N. P. (1982). Pauki v sadakh. Zashita Rastenii 1982(7): 48-51. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Legotai, M. V. & Sekerskaya, N. P. (1989). Pauki. In: T. V. Ostrovskaya (ed.) Poleznaya fauna plodovogo sada. Agropromizat, Moscow, pp. 218-227. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species cum characteribus differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Holmiae, 821 pp. (Araneae, pp. 619-624). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1953). British spiders. Vol. II. Ray Society, London, 449 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1866). Preussische Spinnen. Erste Abtheilung. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N.F.) 1: 1-152. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Merrett, P. (1963b). The palpus of male spiders of the family Linyphiidae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 140: 347-467. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Millidge, A. F. (1977). The conformation of the male palpal organs of linyphiid spiders, and its application to the taxonomic and phylogenetic analysis of the family (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 4: 1-60. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Millidge, A. F. (1984b). The taxonomy of the Linyphiidae, based chiefly on the epigynal and tracheal characters (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 6: 229-267. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Osterloh, A. (1922). Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Kopulationsapparates einiger Spinnen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 119: 326-421. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Palmgren, P. (1975). Die Spinnenfauna Finnlands und Ostfennoskandiens VI: Linyphiidae 1. Fauna Fennica 28: 1-102. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Punda, H. (1975b). Pająki Borów Sosnowych. Polska Akad. Nauk, 91 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Reimoser, E. (1931b). Einheimische Spinnen 6-9. Die Natur (Wien) 7: 38-41, 57-61, 83-87, 127-130. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Risso, A. (1826). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe méridionale, et principalement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes maritimes. Paris 5, 159-176. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1987). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 2: Linyphiidae and check list. Harley Books, Colchester, England, 204 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1992). The illustration of spiders. In: Cooper, J. E., P. Pearce-Kelly & D. L. Williams (eds.) Arachnida: Proceedings of a One-Day Symposium on Spiders and their Allies held at the Zoological Society of London 21st November 1987. Chiron Publications, pp. 190-195. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Schult, J. (1986). Zeichenvermitteltes Verhalten bein Spinnen. Zeitschrift für Semiotik 8: 253-276. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Scopoli, J. A. (1763). Entomologia carniolica, exhibens insecta carniolae indigena et distributa in ordines, genera, species, varietates. Methodo Linnaeana. Vindobonae, 420 pp. (Araneae, pp. 392-404). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1929). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 3e partie. Roret, Paris, 533-772. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X. (1987). Spiders from agricultural regions of China (Arachnida: Araneae). Agriculture Publishing House, Beijing, 376 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The spiders of China. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (2001). The Fauna of Hebei, China: Araneae. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 510 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ström, H. (1768). Beskrivelse over norske insekter, andet stekke. Det Trondheimske Selskabs Skrifter 4: 313-371 (Araneae, pp. 362-363). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sundevall, C. J. (1830). Svenska spindlarnes beskrifning. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens Handlingar 1829: 188-219. (also as separate, pp. 1-32) download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tabrizi, S. S., Rad, S. P. & Hedayati, Z. (2014). A faunistic study on the spiders of several metropolis parks in Tehran, Iran. Indian Journal of Arachnology 3(2): 28-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanasevitch, A. V. (1990). The spider family Linyphiidae in the fauna of the Caucasus (Arachnida, Aranei). In: B. R. Striganova (ed.) Fauna nazemnykh bespozvonochnykh Kavkaza. Moscow, Akaedemia Nauk, pp. 5-114. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1870a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part I. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 1-96. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1802). Faune parisienne. Insectes. ou Histoire abrégée des insectes de environs de Paris. Paris 2, 187-250. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1805). Tableau des aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, familles et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions. Paris, 88 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1841). Histoire naturelle des Insects. Aptères. Paris 2(for 1837), 1-549. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.61095 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wang, F., Ballesteros, J. A., Hormiga, G., Chesters, D., Zhang, Y. J., Sun, N., Zhu, C. D., Chen, W. & Tu, L. H. (2015c). Resolving the phylogeny of a speciose spider group, the family Linyphiidae (Araneae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 91: 135-149 & Appendices. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2015.05.005 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiehle, H. (1956). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea (Araneae). 28. Familie Linyphiidae-Baldachinspinnen. Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 44: i-viii, 1-337. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. & Shi, J. G. (1985). [Crop field spiders of Shanxi Province]. Agriculture Planning Committee of Shanxi Province (for 1983), 239 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

External Resource References

* Disclaimer
As External Resources, the World Spider Catalog links here to species pages of other databases. They may contain further information for the given species. The databases, listed as External Resources, however, are not managed by World Spider Catalog and the information given there is not necessarily in agreement with the World Spider Catalog. All responsibility for such data is with the external database.

Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

Edit history
Date Type Reference Detail
2016-10-25 New taxonomic reference entry Wang et al., 2015c n/a
2016-10-05 New taxonomic reference entry Breitling et al., 2016b n/a
2016-10-05 Species synonymy Breitling et al., 2016b Linyphia triangularis juniperina synonymized with Linyphia triangularis
2015-02-16 New taxonomic reference entry Tabrizi, Rad & Hedayati, 2014 n/a