Taxon details


Trochosa ruricola (De Geer, 1778)

  • Rank: Species (Genus type)
  • Status: accepted
  • Described: m f
  • Last updated: 2018-07-23
  • LSID: [urn:lsid:nmbe.ch:spidersp:019347]
  • Distribution: Europe to China, Japan, Korea. Introduced to North America, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Bermuda
Taxonomic references
Aranea lupus ruricola De Geer, 1778: 282, pl. 11, f. 13-14, pl. 17, f. 1-2 (Df).
Aranea lupus Fourcroy, 1785: 536.
Aranea ruricola Olivier, 1789: 216.
Lycosa agretyca Walckenaer, 1805: 13 (D).
Lycosa agretyca Walckenaer, 1826: 18 (D).
Lycosa lapidicola Hahn, 1829: 1, pl. 16, f. B (Df).
Lycosa ruricola Hahn, 1833a: 103, f. 77 (mf).
Lycosa alpina Hahn, 1835: 57, f. 146 (Dmf).
Lycosa agretyca Walckenaer, 1837: 308 (Dmf).
Trochosa trabalis C. L. Koch, 1847: 141, f. 1371-1372, 1374 (Dmf, in part).
Trochosa ruricola C. L. Koch, 1850: 33.
Lycosa campestris Blackwall, 1861a: 18, pl. 1, f. 3 (Dmf).
Trochosa ruricola Thorell, 1872a: 336.
Trochosa ruricola Menge, 1879: 535, pl. 87, f. 303 (mf).
Trochosa terricola Menge, 1879: only pl. 87, f. 304.
Lycosa lacernata Karsch, 1879g: 100, pl. 1, f. 19 (Df).
Trochosa ruricola Hansen, 1882: 72, pl. 5, f. 3 (mf).
Lycosa ruricola Becker, 1882b: 113, pl. 9, f. 3 (mf).
Lycosa atlantica Marx, 1889a: 100, pl. 4, f. 4 (Df).
Trochosa ruricola Chyzer & Kulczyński, 1891: 73, pl. 3, f. 8 (mf).
Lycosa ruricola F. O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1898: 30, pl. 3, f. 1, 6, 10, 13 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Bösenberg, 1903: 399, pl. 37, f. 586 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Dahl, 1908: 277, f. 24 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Dahl & Dahl, 1927: 54, f. 142-144 (mf).
Lycosa atlantica Petrunkevitch, 1929b: 97, f. 80 (f).
Lycosa ruricola Simon, 1937: 1109, 1112, 1136, f. 1736-1737 (mf).
Lycosa atlantica Bryant, 1940: 279, pl. 2, f. 18 (f, Dm).
Trochosa ruricola Holm, 1947: 13, f. 9-10, pl. 2, f. 17-18, pl. 9, f. 7 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Locket & Millidge, 1951: 279, f. 134A, F, 136A (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Muller, 1955: 160, f. 4, 6-7 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Chrysanthus, 1955b: 518, f. c (f).
Hoggicosa atlantica Roewer, 1955c: 247.
Trochosula lacernata Roewer, 1955c: 304.
Trochosa ruricola Buchar, 1959: 159, f. 1.II, 2B-C, 3C (f).
Trochosa ruricola Wiebes, 1959b: 21, f. 20-21, 44, 57 (mf).
Alopecosa lacernata Roewer, 1960d: 859 (Tmf from Trochosula).
Trochosa ruricola Lehtinen & Kleemola, 1962: 109, f. 13a (f).
Trochosa ruricola Engelhardt, 1964: 222, f. 4-5, 8 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Azheganova, 1971: 10, f. 10 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Tyschchenko, 1971: 180, f. 521 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Fuhn & Niculescu-Burlacu, 1971: 226, f. 111a-f (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Miller, 1971: 168, pl. XXVI, f. 3-4 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Namkung, Paik & Yoon, 1971: 51, f. 5 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Loksa, 1972: 46, f. 39A-B, 40A, 42A-B (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Yin, 1978: 12, f. 7A-E (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Paik & Namkung, 1979: 69, f. 55.1-2 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Song, 1980: 171, f. 93a-e (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Tanaka, 1980: 48, f. 1-2 (m, S).
Trochosa ruricola Wang, 1981: 122, f. 62A-C (f).
Trochosa ruricola Hu, 1984: 251, f. 262.1-3 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Roberts, 1985: 144, f. 62c, 63a (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Zyuzin, 1985a: 42, f. 5.
Trochosa ruricola Yaginuma, 1986a: 166, f. 91.2 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Song, 1987: 247, f. 202 (mf, S).
Trochosa ruricola Zhang, 1987: 163, f. 138.1-4 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Sierwald, 1988: 9 (S).
Trochosa ruricola Tanaka, 1988c: 98, f. 5-8 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Hu & Wu, 1989: 236, f. 195.1-4 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Chikuni, 1989b: 108, f. 1 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Sierwald, 1990: 44, f. 48 (m).
Trochosa ruricola Chen & Gao, 1990: 132, f. 165a-b (mf, S, rejected).
Trochosa ruricola Chen & Zhang, 1991: 209, 329, f. 213.1-6 (mf, S, rejected).
Trochosa ruricola Heimer & Nentwig, 1991: 348, f. 904 (m).
Trochosa ruricola Zhao, 1993: 102, f. 42a-b (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Paik, 1994a: 11, f. 8-23 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Roberts, 1995: 226, f. (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Yin, Bao & Wang, 1995: 27, f. 19-22 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Mcheidze, 1997: 240, f. 515-517 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Bellmann, 1997: 158, f. (m).
Trochosa ruricola Yin et al., 1997c: 155, f. 73a-d (f).
Trochosa ruricola Roberts, 1998: 244, f. (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Milasowszky, Herberstein & Zulka, 1998: 91, f. 3 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Song, Zhu & Chen, 1999: 345, f. 201H, P (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Song, Zhu & Chen, 2001: 262, f. 164A-D (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Prentice, 2001: 427, f. 1, 3, 5 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Namkung, 2002: 314, f. 20.8a-b (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Kim & Cho, 2002: 221, f. 511-516 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Paquin & Dupérré, 2003: 171, f. 1923-1925 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Namkung, 2003: 316, f. 20.8a-b (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Almquist, 2005: 247, f. 242a-f (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Hepner & Milasowszky, 2006a: 7, f. 5.Ia-b (f).
Trochosa ruricola Tanaka, 2009: 236, f. 83-84 (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Ponomarev & Kovblyuk, 2009a: 8, f. 13, 17 (f).
Trochosa ruricola Zhu & Zhang, 2011: 291, f. 212A-E (mf).
Trochosa ruricola Baert, 2012: 222, f. 4-5 (m).
Trochosa ruricola Otto & Japoshvili, 2018: 382, f. 44-45, 50 (m).
References

Almquist, S. (2005). Swedish Araneae, part 1: families Atypidae to Hahniidae (Linyphiidae excluded). Insect Systematics & Evolution, Supplement 62: 1-284. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Azheganova, N. S. (1971). Pauki-volki (Lycosidae): Permskoi oblasti. Ministerstvo prosveshcheniya RSFSR, Perm, pp. 1-21. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Baert, L. (2012). An interesting symmetric palpal teratology in Trochosa ruricola (De Geer, 1778). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 15: 222-223. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Becker, L. (1882b). Les arachnides de Belgique, première partie. Annales du Musée Royal d'Histoire Naturelle de Belgique 10: 1-246, pl. 1-27. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.48721 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bellmann, H. (1997). Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. Frankh-Kosmos, Stuttgart, 304 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Blackwall, J. (1861a). A history of the spiders of Great Britain and Ireland. London 1, 1-174. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bösenberg, W. (1903). Die Spinnen Deutschlands. V, VI. Zoologica (Stuttgart) 14(5-6): 385-465, Pl. 37-43. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.6508 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Bryant, E. B. (1940). Cuban spiders in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 86: 247-532. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Buchar, J. (1959). Beitrag zur Bestimmung der mitteleuropäischen Arten der Gattung Trochosa (C. L. Koch) (Araneae: Lycosidae). Acta Universitatis Carolinae Biologica 1959: 159-164. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chen, X. E. & Gao, J. C. (1990). The Sichuan farmland spiders in China. Sichuan Science and Technology Publishing House, Chengdu, 226 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chen, Z. F. & Zhang, Z. H. (1991). Fauna of Zhejiang: Araneida. Zhejiang Science and Technology Publishing House, 356 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chikuni, Y. (1989b). Pictorial Encyclopedia of Spiders in Japan. Kaisei-sha Publishing Co., Tokyo, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chrysanthus, P. (1955b). Notes on spiders II. Entomologische Berichten, Amsterdam 15: 518-520. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Chyzer, C. & Kulczyński, W. (1891). Araneae Hungariae. Tomus I. Academia Scientarum Hungaricae, Budapest, 170 pp., 4 Pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dahl, F. (1908). Die Lycosiden oder Wolfspinnen Deutschlands und ihre Stellung im Haushalt der Natur. Nach statistischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. Nova Acta Academiae Caesareae Leopoldino-Carolinae Germanicae Naturae Curiosorum 88: 175-678. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Dahl, F. & Dahl, M. (1927). Spinnentiere oder Arachnoidea. Lycosidae s. lat. (Wolfspinnen im weiteren Sinne). Die Tierwelt Deutschlands 5: 1-80. download pdf -- Show included taxa

De Geer, C. (1778). Des araignées. In: Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire des insectes. Tome septième. Pierre Hesselberg, Stockholm, 176-324, pl. 11-19, 38-39. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Engelhardt, W. (1964). Die mitteleuropäischen Arten der Gattung Trochosa C. L. Koch, 1848 (Araneae, Lycosidae). Morphologie, Chemotaxonomie, Biologie, Autökologie. Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 54(3): 219-392. doi:10.1007/BF00390678 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fourcroy, A. F. de (1785). Entomologia parisiensis; sive catalogus insectorum quae in Agro parisiensi reperiuntur. Paris, 544 pp. (Araneae, pp. 531-537). download pdf -- Show included taxa

Fuhn, I. E. & Niculescu-Burlacu, F. (1971). Fam. Lycosidae. Fauna Republicii Socialiste România (Arachnida) 5(3): 1-253. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1829). Monographie der Spinnen. Lechner, Nürnberg, Heft 5, pp. 1-2, 4 pls. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.122225 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1833a). Die Arachniden. Nürnberg, Erster Band, pp. 77-129; Zweiter Band, pp. 1-16. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hahn, C. W. (1835). Die Arachniden. C. H. Zeh'sche Buchhandlung, Nürnberg, Zweiter Band, pp. 57-75. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hansen, H. J. (1882). Spindeldyr. In: Schiödte, J. C. (ed.) Zoologia Danica. Kjöbenhavn 3, 1-81, I-V. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Heimer, S. & Nentwig, W. (1991). Spinnen Mitteleuropas: Ein Bestimmungsbuch. Paul Parey, Berlin, 543 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hepner, M. & Milasowszky, N. (2006a). Morphological separation of the central European Trochosa females (Araneae, Lycosidae). Arachnologische Mitteilungen 31: 1-7. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Holm, Å. (1947). Svensk Spindelfauna III. Oxyopidae, Lycosidae, Pisauridae. Stockholm, pp. 1-48. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. (1984). The Chinese spiders collected from the fields and the forests. Tianjin Press of Science and Techniques, 482 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Hu, J. L. & Wu, W. G. (1989). Spiders from agricultural regions of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. Shandong University Publishing House, Jinan, 435 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Karsch, F. (1879g). Baustoffe zu einer Spinnenfauna von Japan. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Preussischen Rheinlande und Westfalens 36: 57-105. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Kim, J. P. & Cho, J. H. (2002). Spider: Natural Enemy & Resources. Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB), 424 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1847). Die Arachniden. J. L. Lotzbeck, Nürnberg, Vierzehnter Band, pp. 89-210, pl. 481-504, Fünfzehnter Band, pp. 1-136, pl. 505-540, Sechszehnter und letzter Band, pp. 1-80, pl. 541-563, Index 64 pp. [for the correct year of publication see Brignoli, 1985b] download pdf download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Koch, C. L. (1850). Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. Nürnberg, Heft 5, pp. 1-77. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Lehtinen, P. T. & Kleemola, A. (1962). Studies on the spider fauna of the southwestern archipelago of Finland. I. Suomalaisen Eläin-ja Kasvitieteellisen Seuran Vanamon Tiedonannot (Archivum Societatis Zoologicae Botanicae Fennicae "Vanamo") 16: 97-114. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Locket, G. H. & Millidge, A. F. (1951). British spiders. Vol. I. Ray Society, London, 310 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Loksa, I. (1972). Araneae II. Fauna Hungariae 109: 1-112. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Marx, G. (1889a). A contribution to the knowledge of the spider fauna of the Bermuda Islands. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1889: 98-101. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Mcheidze, T. S. (1997). [Spiders of Georgia: Systematics, Ecology, Zoogeographic Review]. Tbilisi University, 390 pp. (in Georgian). [English version published by Otto (2014) available here] download pdf -- Show included taxa

Menge, A. (1879). Preussische Spinnen. X. Fortsetzung; XI. Fortsetzung und Schluss. Schriften der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Danzig (N. F.) 4: 495-542; 543-560. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Milasowszky, N., Herberstein, M. E. & Zulka, K. P. (1998). Morphological separation of Trochosa robusta (Simon, 1876) and Trochosa ruricola (De Geer, 1778) females (Araneae: Lycosidae). In: Seldon, P. A. (ed.) Proceedings of the 17th European Colloquium of Arachnology, Edinburgh 1997. Edinburgh, pp. 91-96. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Miller, F. (1971). Pavouci-Araneida. Klíč zvířeny ČSSR 4: 51-306. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Muller, L. (1955). Les lycosides et les familles apparentées dans le Grand-Duché de Luxembourg. Archives de l'Institut Grand-Ducal de Luxembourg 22: 153-173. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J., Paik, W. H. & Yoon, J. K. (1971). Spiders from Kwangju, Cholla Namdo. Korean Journal of Plant Protection 10: 49-53. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J. (2002). The spiders of Korea. Kyo-Hak Publishing Co., Seoul, 648 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Namkung, J. (2003). The Spiders of Korea, 2nd. ed. Kyo-Hak Publishing Co., Seoul, 648 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Olivier G., A. (1789). Araignée, Aranea. Encyclopédie Méthodique, Histoire Naturelle, Insectes, Paris 4: 173-240. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Otto, S. & Japoshvili, G. (2018). The spiders (Arachnida: Araneae) of the Lagodekhi Reserve, Georgia: faunistic results of a transect study and an updated checklist. Arachnology 17(8): 375-391. doi:10.13156/arac.2017.17.8.375 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paik, W. H. & Namkung, J. (1979). [Studies on the rice paddy spiders from Korea]. Seoul National Univ., 101 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paik, K. Y. (1994a). Korean spiders of the genus Trochosa C. L. Koch, 1848 (Araneae: Lycosidae). Korean Arachnology 10: 7-22. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Paquin, P. & Dupérré, N. (2003). Guide d'identification des araignées de Québec. Fabreries, Supplement 11: 1-251. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Petrunkevitch, A. (1929b). The spiders of Porto Rico. Part one. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 30: 1-158. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Pickard-Cambridge, F. O. (1898). On the cteniform spiders of Africa, Arabia and Syria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 66(1): 13-32, Pl. III-IV. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.1898.tb03126.x download pdf -- Show included taxa

Ponomarev, A. V. & Kovblyuk, M. M. (2009a). Trochosa hirtipes sp. n. and Gnaphosa jucunda Thorell, 1875 (Arachnida: Aranei) from the West Caucasus. Caucasian Entomological Bulletin 5: 7-12. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Prentice, T. R. (2001). Distinguishing the females of Trochosa terricola and Trochosa ruricola (Araneae, Lycosidae) from populations in Illinois, USA. Journal of Arachnology 29: 427-430. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1985). The spiders of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 1: Atypidae to Theridiosomatidae. Harley Books, Colchester, England. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1995). Collins Field Guide: Spiders of Britain & Northern Europe. HarperCollins, London, 383 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roberts, M. J. (1998). Spinnengids. Tirion, Baarn, Netherlands, 397 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C. F. (1955c). Katalog der Araneae von 1758 bis 1940, bzw. 1954. Bruxelles 2, 1-1751. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Roewer, C. F. (1960d). Araneae Lycosaeformia II (Lycosidae) (Fortsetzung und Schluss). Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba, Mission G. F. de Witte 55: 519-1040. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sierwald, P. (1988). Spiders of Bermuda. Nemouria, Occasional Papers of the Delaware Museum of Natural History 31: 1-24. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Sierwald, P. (1990). Morphology and homologous features in the male palpal organ in Pisauridae and other spider families, with notes on the taxonomy of Pisauridae (Arachnida: Araneae). Nemouria, Occasional Papers of the Delaware Museum of Natural History 35: 1-59. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Simon, E. (1937). Les arachnides de France. Synopsis générale et catalogue des espèces françaises de l'ordre des Araneae. Tome VI. 5e et derniére partie. Roret, Paris, 979-1298. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X. (ed.) (1980). [Farm Spiders]. Science Press, Beijing, 247 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X. (1987). Spiders from agricultural regions of China (Arachnida: Araneae). Agriculture Publishing House, Beijing, 376 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (1999). The spiders of China. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 640 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Song, D. X., Zhu, M. S. & Chen, J. (2001). The Fauna of Hebei, China: Araneae. Hebei University of Science and Techology Publishing House, Shijiazhuang, 510 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (1980). Notes on four type-specimens of Japanese wolf spiders of the Museum für Naturkunde, Humboldt Universität, Berlin. Acta Arachnologica 29: 47-55. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (1988c). Lycosid spiders of Japan II. The genus Trochosa C. L. Koch. Acta Arachnologica 36: 93-113. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tanaka, H. (2009). Lycosidae. In: Ono, H. (ed.) The spiders of Japan with keys to the families and genera and illustrations of the species. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, pp. 222-248. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Thorell, T. (1872a). Remarks on synonyms of European spiders. Part III. C. J. Lundström, Uppsala, pp. 229-374. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.69282 download pdf -- Show included taxa

Tyschchenko, V. P. (1971). Opredelitel' paukov evropejskoj casti SSSR. Leningrad, pp. 1-281. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1805). Tableau des aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, familles et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions. Paris, 88 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1826). Aranéides. In: Faune française ou histoire naturelle générale et particulière des animaux qui se trouvent en France, constamment ou passagèrement, à la surface du sol, dans les eaux qui le baignent et dans le littoral des mers qui le bornent par Viellot, Desmarrey, Ducrotoy, Audinet, Lepelletier et Walckenaer. Paris, livr. 11-12: 1-96. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Walckenaer, C. A. (1837). Histoire naturelle des insectes. Aptères. Paris 1, 1-682. download pdf download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wang, H. Q. (1981). [Protection and utilization of spiders in paddy fields]. Hunan Press of Science and Technology, 188 pp. (reprinted, 1985) download pdf -- Show included taxa

Wiebes, J. T. (1959b). The Lycosidae and Pisauridae (Araneae) of the Netherlands. Zoologische Verhandelingen 42: 1-78. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yaginuma, T. (1986a). Spiders of Japan in color (new ed.). Hoikusha Publishing Co., Osaka, 305 pp., 64 pls. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M. (1978). [A study on the general orb-weaver spiders and wolf-spiders (Araneae: Araneidae, Lycosidae) from rice fields]. Journal of Hunan Teachers College (nat. Sci. Ed.) 1978(10): 1-21. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M., Bao, Y. H. & Wang, J. F. (1995). An advanced study on the genus Trochosa from China (Araneae: Lycosidae). Acta Arachnologica Sinica 4: 23-36. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Yin, C. M., Peng, X. J., Xie, L. P., Bao, Y. H. & Wang, J. F. (1997c). Lycosids in China (Arachnida: Araneae). Hunan Normal University Press, 317 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhang, W. S. (ed.) (1987). [Farm spiders from Hebei Province]. Hebei University of Science and Techology Press, 299 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhao, J. Z. (1993). Spiders in the Cotton Fields in China. Wuhan Publishing House, Wuhan, China, 552 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zhu, M. S. & Zhang, B. S. (2011). Spider Fauna of Henan: Arachnida: Araneae. Science Press, Beijing, xxii+558 pp. download pdf -- Show included taxa

Zyuzin, A. A. (1985a). Generic and subfamilial criteria in the systematics of the spider family Lycosidae (Aranei), with the description of a new genus and two new subfamilies. Trudy Zoologieskogo Instituta Akademija Nauk SSSR 139: 40-51. download pdf -- Show included taxa

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Nentwig, W., Blick, T., Gloor, D., Hänggi, A., Kropf, C.: Spiders of Europe. www.araneae.nmbe.ch. Version 05.2018. doi: 10.24436/1

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Date Type Reference Detail
2018-07-23 New taxonomic reference entry Otto & Japoshvili, 2018 n/a